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China, a History

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Author Topic: China, a History  (Read 3953 times)
Bee Cha
Superhero Member
Posts: 3827

« Reply #75 on: October 07, 2007, 06:31:46 am »

Emperor Wudi and Confucianism

During the "Taoism era", the government reduced taxation. This policy of the government's reduced role over civilian lives (Traditional Chinese: 與民休息; Simplified Chinese: 与民休息; pinyin: yǔ mn xiūxi) started a period of stability, which was called the Rule of Wen and Jing (Chinese: 文景之治; pinyin: Wn-Jǐngzhīzh), named after the two Emperors of this particular era. However, under Emperor Wu's leadership, among the most prosperous periods of the Han Dynasty, the Empire was able to fight back. At its height, Han China incorporated the present day Qinghai, Gansu, and northern Vietnam into its territories, as well as military expeditions into Siberian land beyond Lake Baikal in the northern extremeties and establishing military bases on the shores of the Caspian Sea in the western extremeties.

Emperor Wu decided that Taoism was no longer suitable for China, and officially declared China to be a Confucian state; however, like the Emperors of China before him, he combined Legalist methods with the Confucian ideal. This official adoption of Confucianism led to not only a civil service nomination system, but also the compulsory knowledge of Confucian classics of candidates for the imperial bureaucracy, a requirement that lasted up to the establishment of the Republic of China in 1911. Confucian scholars gained prominent status as the core of the civil service.

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