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A S T R O L O G Y - Western


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Author Topic: A S T R O L O G Y - Western  (Read 2076 times)
Bianca
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« on: August 03, 2007, 07:26:55 am »





                                       H I S T O R Y   O F   A S T R O L O G Y

 




ORIGIN



BABYLONIAN
Tablet


The origins of much of the Astrological doctrine and method that would later develop in Asia, Europe, and the Middle East are found among the ancient Babylonians and their system of celestial omens that began to be compiled around the middle of the 2nd millennium BCE. This system of celestial omens later spread either directly or indirectly through the Babylonians to other areas such as India, China, and Greece where it merged with pre-existing indigenous forms of Astrology.  This Babylonian astrology came to Greece initially as early as the middle of the 4th century BCE, and then around the late 2nd or early 1st century BCE after the Alexandrian conquests, this Babylonian Astrology was mixed with the Egyptian tradition of decanic Astrology to create Horoscopic Astrology. This new form of Astrology, which appears to have originated in Alexandrian Egypt, quickly spread across the ancient world into Europe, the Middle East and India.



 Before the scientific revolution

From the classical period through the scientific revolution, Astrological training played a critical role in advancing Astronomical, Mathematical, Medical and Psychological Knowledge. Astrological influences included the observation and long-term tracking of celestial objects. It was Astrologers who provided the first systematic documentation of the movements of the Sun, the Moon, the planets, and the stars. The differentiation between Astronomy and Astrology varied from place to place; they were indistinguishable in ancient Babylonia and for most of the Middle Ages, but separated to a greater degree in ancient Greece (see Astrology and Astronomy). Astrology was not always uncritically accepted before the modern era; it was often challenged by Hellenistic skeptics, church authorities, and medieval thinkers.

The pattern of Astronomical knowledge gained from astrological endeavours has been historically repeated across numerous cultures, from ancient India through the classical Maya civilization to medieval Europe. Given this historical contribution, Astrology has been called a protoscience along with pseudosciences such as Alchemy (see "Western Astrology and Alchemy" ).

Many prominent scientists, such as Nicholas Copernicus, Galileo Galilei, Tycho Brahe, Johannes Kepler, Isaac Newton,  Carl Jung and others, practiced or significantly contributed to Astrology.
« Last Edit: August 04, 2007, 08:04:59 am by Bianca2001 » Report Spam   Logged

Your mind understands what you have been taught; your heart what is true.


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