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the Toltecs, artisans, scholars, priests and fearsome warriors

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Kara Sundstrom
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« on: April 24, 2010, 08:53:06 pm »

Tamaulipas

Tamaulipas State is located in the northeastern corner of Mexico and shares the Rio Grande border with Texas.  Its aboriginal inhabitants, known as Tamauli, were few in number when the Spanish conquered the region, and soon became extinct. Virtually nothing is known of their ethnicity, language or history. Recent archaeological excavations of caves in Tamaulipas suggest that the indigenous people there began cultivating maize and squash as early as 1300 BC, but they continued to live in caves for another 1000 years.  Caves were very practical habitats in the hot, dry climate of the region.

Records of the Aztecs, plus some archaeological evidence suggest that the Tamauli came under increasing influence and military pressure from the Toltecs during the period when Tollan was occupied.  Subsequently, Huastecs from the south pushed into the coastal areas while Nahuatl speakers pressed from the west.  Where the displaced Tamauli people went is unknown and subject to speculation. The Nahuatl form of Tamauli was Tamautli. Both ethnic names were used in both regions.

That the aboriginal people of Tamaulipas and the inhabitants of southeastern Georgia during the era of Spanish colonization had the same name is obvious.  The question of whether they were one and the same ethnic group has never been researched.
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