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European Megalithic Culture

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Author Topic: European Megalithic Culture  (Read 14932 times)
Robin Barquenast
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« on: July 23, 2007, 09:46:12 pm »

Timeline

•   Circa 4800 BC: Constructions in Brittany (Barnenez) and Iberia (Ιvora and Mourdo). Emergence of the Neolithic period, the age of agriculture.
•   Circa 4000 BC: Constructions in Brittany (Carnac), Iberia (Lisbon), France (central and southern), Corsica, England and Wales.
•   Circa 3700 BC: Constructions in Ireland (Knockiveagh and elsewhere).
•   Circa 3600 BC: Constructions in England (Maumbury Rings and Godmanchester), and Malta (Ġgantija and Mnajdra temples).
•   Circa 3500 BC: Constructions in Iberia (Mαlaga and Guadiana), Ireland (south-west), France (Arles and the north), Sardinia, Sicily, Malta (and elsewhere in the Mediterranean), Belgium (north-east) and Germany (central and south-west).
•   Circa 3400 BC: Constructions in Ireland (Newgrange), Holland (north-east), Germany (northern) Sweden and Denmark.
•   Circa 3200 BC: Constructions in Malta (Ħaġar Qim and Tarxien temples)
•   Circa 3000 BC: Constructions in France (Saumer, Dordogne, Languedoc, Biscay, and the Mediterranean coast), Iberia (Los Millares), Sicily, Belgium (Ardennes), and Orkney, as well as the first henges (circular earthworks) in Britain.
•   Circa 2800 BC: Climax of the megalithic Funnel-beaker Culture in Denmark, and the construction of the henge at Stonehenge.
•   Circa 2500 BC: Constructions in Brittany (Le Menec, Kermario and elsewhere), Italy (Otranto), Sardinia, and Scotland (north-east), plus the climax of the megalithic Bell-beaker Culture in Iberia, Germany, Ireland, and Britain (stone circle at Stonehenge). With the bell-beakers the Neolithic period gave way to the Chalcolithic, the age of copper.
•   Circa 2400 BC: The megalithic Bell-beaker Culture was dominant in Britain, and hundreds of smaller stone circles were built in the British Isles at this time.
•   Circa 2000 BC: Constructions in Brittany (Er Grah), Italy (Bari), Sardinia (northern), and Scotland (Callanish).
•   Circa 1800 BC: Constructions in Italy (Giovinazzo).
•   Circa 1500 BC: Constructions in Iberia (Alter Pedroso and Medons da Mourela).
•   Circa 1400 BC: Non-megalithic Burial of the Egtved Girl in Denmark, whose body is today one of the most well-preserved examples of its kind.
•   Circa 1200 BC: Last vestiges of the megalithic tradition in the Mediterranean and elsewhere come to an end during the general population upheaval known to ancient history as the Invasions of the Sea Peoples.
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