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Day of the Dead (El Día de los Muertos or All Souls' Day)

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Author Topic: Day of the Dead (El Día de los Muertos or All Souls' Day)  (Read 2577 times)
Juan Carlos Mendoza
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« Reply #30 on: November 02, 2009, 04:44:29 pm »



Flowers, including Mexican marigolds, used in the celebration of the Day of the Dead
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Juan Carlos Mendoza
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« Reply #31 on: November 02, 2009, 04:47:05 pm »

Europe

In many countries with a Roman Catholic heritage, All Saints Day and All Souls Day have long been holidays where people take the day off work, go to cemeteries with candles and flowers, and give presents to children, usually sweets and toys.[17] In Portugal and Spain, ofrendas (offerings) are made on this day. In Spain, the play Don Juan Tenorio is traditionally performed. In Spain, Portugal, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, France and Ireland, people bring flowers to the graves of dead relatives and say prayers over the dead. In Poland,[18] Slovakia,[19] Hungary,[20] Lithuania,[21] Croatia,[22] Slovenia,[23] Romania,[24] Austria, Germany, Sweden, Norway and Finland the tradition is to light candles and visit the graves of deceased relatives. In Tyrol, cakes are left for them on the table and the room kept warm for their comfort. In Brittany, people flock to the cemeteries at nightfall to kneel, bareheaded, at the graves of their loved ones, and to anoint the hollow of the tombstone with holy water or to pour libations of milk on it. At bedtime, the supper is left on the table for the souls.[25]
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Juan Carlos Mendoza
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« Reply #32 on: November 02, 2009, 04:47:52 pm »

Other similar cultural traditions

Many other cultures around the world have similar traditions of a day set aside to visit the graves of deceased family members. Often included in these traditions are celebrations, food and beverages, in addition to prayers and remembrances of the departed.

The Bon Festival (O-bon (お盆?) or only Bon (盆?) is a Japanese Buddhist holiday to honor the departed spirits of one's ancestors. This Buddhist festival has evolved into a family reunion holiday during which people from the big cities return to their home towns and visit and clean their ancestors' graves. Traditionally including a dance festival, it has existed in Japan for more than 500 years. This holiday is three days in August.
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Juan Carlos Mendoza
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« Reply #33 on: November 02, 2009, 04:48:20 pm »

In Korea, Chuseok is a major traditional holiday, also called Hankawi (한가위,中秋节). People go where the spirits of one's ancestors are enshrined, and perform ancestral worship rituals early in the morning; they visit the tombs of immediate ancestors to trim plants and clean the area around the tomb, and offer food, drink, and crops to their ancestors.
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Juan Carlos Mendoza
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« Reply #34 on: November 02, 2009, 04:48:30 pm »

In Korea, Chuseok is a major traditional holiday, also called Hankawi (한가위,中秋节). People go where the spirits of one's ancestors are enshrined, and perform ancestral worship rituals early in the morning; they visit the tombs of immediate ancestors to trim plants and clean the area around the tomb, and offer food, drink, and crops to their ancestors.
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« Reply #35 on: November 02, 2009, 04:48:45 pm »

The Qingming Festival (simplified Chinese: 清明节; traditional Chinese: 清明節; pinyin: qīng míng jié) is a traditional Chinese festival usually occurring around April 5 of the Gregorian calendar. Along with Double Ninth Festival on the ninth day of the ninth month in the Chinese calendar, it is a time to tend to the graves of departed ones. In addition, in the Chinese tradition, the seventh month in the Chinese calendar is called the Ghost Month (鬼月), in which ghosts and spirits come out from the underworld to visit earth.
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« Reply #36 on: November 02, 2009, 04:49:05 pm »

During the Nepali holiday of Gai Jatra ("Cow Pilgrimage"), every family who has lost a family member during the previous year makes a construction of bamboo branches, cloth, paper decorations and portraits of the deceased, called a "gai". Traditionally, a cow leads the spirits of the dead into the next land. Depending on local custom, either an actual live cow, or a construct representing a cow may be used. The festival is also a time to dress up in costume, including costumes involving political comments and satire.[26]
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Juan Carlos Mendoza
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« Reply #37 on: November 02, 2009, 04:49:19 pm »

In some cultures in Africa, visits to the graves of ancestors, the leaving of food and gifts, and the asking of protection serve as important parts of traditional rituals. One example of this is the ritual that occurs just before the beginning of hunting season.[27]

In some tribes of the amazon they believe that the dead return as flowers rather than butterflies.
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Juan Carlos Mendoza
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« Reply #38 on: November 02, 2009, 04:50:05 pm »



Day of the Dead display in Ocotepec, a town outside of Cuernavaca.
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Juan Carlos Mendoza
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« Reply #39 on: November 02, 2009, 04:50:39 pm »

References in popular culture

    * The novel Under the Volcano (1947) by Malcolm Lowry takes place on this day in a fictionalized Cuernavaca, Morelos.
    * Ray Bradbury's novel The Halloween Tree (1972) includes an explanation of the holiday as part of a greater worldwide tradition, and features a Mexican sugar skull as a plot device.
    * Barbara Hambly's novel Days Of The Dead (2003) climaxes on this day in 1835.
    * The film Once Upon a Time in Mexico, directed by Robert Rodriguez, takes place in the days leading up to the Day of the Dead, culminating in numerous acts of violence on the holiday itself.
    * The plot and title of the first episode of the Adult Swim series The Venture Bros., "Dia de Los Dangerous!", takes place on this day. The series' titular characters, Hank and Dean Venture, purchase sombreros and sugar skulls, then Hank describes the events to their father, who has just given a lecture to a very small audience, due in part to the holiday.
    * The computer game Grim Fandango relies heavily on Day of the Dead imagery, with most characters resembling Calaca-like figurines.
    * The computer game World of Warcraft added in 2009 a in-game event with the same name and similar unique items related to this celebrations, only accesible between november 1 and 2.
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Juan Carlos Mendoza
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« Reply #40 on: November 02, 2009, 04:51:06 pm »

Notes

   1. ^ Miller, Carlos (2005). "History: Indigenous people wouldn't let 'Day of the Dead' die". Day of the Dead — Día De Los Muertos (The Arizona Republic). http://www.azcentral.com/ent/dead/history/. Retrieved 2007-11-28.
   2. ^ a b c d Salvador, R. J. (2003). John D. Morgan and Pittu Laungani. ed. Death and Bereavement Around the World: Death and Bereavement in the Americas. Death, Value and Meaning Series, Vol. II. Amityville, New York: Baywood Publishing Company. pp. 75–76 Day Of The Dead?. ISBN 0895032325.
   3. ^ a b Palfrey, Dale Hoyt (1995). "The Day of the Dead". Día de los Muertos Index. Access Mexico Connect. http://www.mexconnect.com/mex_/muertos.html. Retrieved 2007-11-28.
   4. ^ Wise, Danno. "Port Isabel's Day of the Dead Celebration". Texas Travel. About.com. http://gotexas.about.com/od/festivals/a/Dayofdead.htm. Retrieved 2007-11-28.
   5. ^ Hedding, Judy. "Day of the Dead". Phoenix. About.com. http://phoenix.about.com/od/events/a/dayofthedead.htm. Retrieved 2007-11-28.
   6. ^ White, Erin (2006-11-05). "All Souls Procession". Arizona Daily Star. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-153859362.html. Retrieved 2007-11-28.
   7. ^ Making a night of Day of the Dead Los Angeles Times October 18, 2006. Retrieved November 26, 2006.
   8. ^ "Photos of Missoula, Montana Day of the Dead parade". Saroff.com. 2006-11-02. http://www.saroff.com/shows/day_of_the_dead_parade/index.php. Retrieved 2009-08-13.
   9. ^ Day of the Dead in Prague.
  10. ^ "Day of the Dead in Wellington, New Zealand". Scoop.co.nz. 2007-10-27. http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/CU0710/S00273.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-13.
  11. ^ Betsy Burlingame, Joshua Wood. "Visit to cemetery in Guatemala". Expatexchange.com. http://www.expatexchange.com/lib.cfm?networkID=159&articleID=1793. Retrieved 2009-08-13.
  12. ^ Observance in Guatemala. Retrieved June 11, 2007.
  13. ^ Guidi, Ruxandra (2007-11-09). "Las Natitas". BBC. http://www.theworld.org/?q=node/13922&answer=true.
  14. ^ Smith, Fiona (2005-11-08). "Bolivians Honor Skull-Toting Tradition". Associated Press. http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/bolivia/skulls.htm. Retrieved 2007-12-30.
  15. ^ "All Saints day in Bolivia - "The skull festival"". Bolivia Line (November 2005). http://www.bolivialine.com/bolivia/newsletter/Newsletter200511.htm. Retrieved 2007-12-20.
  16. ^ "One of the many Filipino traditions often practiced is celebrating All Saints'/Souls' Day or Day of the Dead." Accessed Nov. 26, 2007.
  17. ^ All Saints Day celebrations in Italy[dead link]
  18. ^ Polish observance. Retrieved June 11, 2007.
  19. ^ Slovakia observance. Retrieved June 11, 2007.
  20. ^ Hungary observance. Retrieved June 11, 2007.
  21. ^ Lithuanian observance. Retrieved June 11, 2007.
  22. ^ Croatian observance. Retrieved June 11, 2007.
  23. ^ Slovenian observance. Retrieved November 5, 2007.
  24. ^ Romanian observance. Retrieved June 11, 2007.
  25. ^ See All Saints Day, All Souls Day.
  26. ^ Nepali holiday honoring the dead. Retrieved June 11, 2007.
  27. ^ African ancestor ritual; Importance in many traditional religions throughout all of Africa serve as communications with ancestors

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Day_of_the_dead
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Juan Carlos Mendoza
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« Reply #41 on: November 02, 2009, 04:52:56 pm »

« Last Edit: November 02, 2009, 04:53:24 pm by Juan Carlos Mendoza » Report Spam   Logged
Juan Carlos Mendoza
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« Reply #42 on: November 02, 2009, 04:53:51 pm »

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« Reply #43 on: November 02, 2009, 04:54:38 pm »

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« Reply #44 on: November 02, 2009, 04:54:59 pm »

« Last Edit: November 02, 2009, 04:56:10 pm by Juan Carlos Mendoza » Report Spam   Logged
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