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History of Humanity

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« Reply #75 on: August 28, 2009, 05:31:36 pm »

800 B.C. - Axial Age - "The period 800-200 BCE has been termed the Axial Age. In all the main regions of the civilized world, people created new ideologies that have continued to be crucial and formative. The new religious systems reflected the changed economic and social conditions. For reasons that we do not entirely understand, all the cheif civilizations developed along parallel lines, even when there was no commercial contact [as between China and the European area]. There was a new prosperity that led to the rise of a merchant class. Power was shifting from king and priest, temple and palace, to the marketplace. The new wealth led to intellectual and cultural florescence and also to the development of the individual conscience. Inequality and exploitation became more apparent as the pace of change accelerated in the cities and people began to realize that their own behavior could affect the fate of future generations. Each region developed a distinctive ideology to address these problems and concerns: Taoism and Confucianism�in China, Hinduism and Buddhism in India and philosophical rationalism in Europe. The Middle East did not produce a uniform solution, but in Iran and Israel, Zoroaster and the Hebrew prophets respectively evolved different versions of monotheism. Strange as it may seem, the idea of 'God,' like the other great religious insights of the period, developed in a market economy in a spirit of aggressive capitalism." [A History of God, Karen Armstrong, p. 27]

800 B.C. - J / Jahwist - "In Chapter 18 of Genesis, J tells us that God appeared to Abraham by the oak tree of Mamre, near Hebron. Abraham had looked up and and noticed three strangers approaching his tent during the hottest part of the day. With typical Middle Eastern courtesy, he insisted that they sit down and rest while he hurried to prepare food for them. In the course of conversation, it transpired, quite naturally, that one of these men was none other than his god, whom J always calls 'Yahweh.' The other two men turn out to be angels. Nobody seems particularly surprised by this revelation. By the time J was writing in the eighth century BCE, no Israelite would have expected to 'see' God in this way: most would have found it a shocking notion. J's contemporary, 'E,' finds the old stories about the patriarchs' intimacy with god unseemly: when E tells stories about Abraham's or Jacob's dealings with God, he prefers to distance the event and make the old legends less anthropomorphic. Thus he will say that god speaks to Abraham through an angel. J, however, does not share this squeamishness and preserves the ancient flavour of these primitive epiphanies in his account." [A History of God, Karen Armstrong, pp. 15-16]

800 B.C. - Inscriptions / Hebrew & Aramaic -� �From the eigth century onward, the number of Hebrew and Aramaic inscriptions gradually increases, testifying to the spread of writing. Reportedly, the progress of literacy in Greece was probably very similar to that in the East."

798 B.C. - Amaziah Rules Judah - "A traditional date when Amaziah ruled in Judah 798-769 B.C."

788 B.C. - Jeroboam II �Rules Israel - "A traditional date when Jeroboam ruled in Israel 788-747 B.C."

785 B.C. - Azariah Rules Judah - "A traditional date when Azariah ruled in Judah 785-733 B.C."

776 B.C. - Olympics / Greece - "First recorded Olympic games."

770 B.C. - Zhou Dynasty / China - "The last Shang ruler, a despot according to standard Chinese accounts, was overthrown by a chieftain of a frontier tribe called Zhou, which had settled in the Wei Valley in modern Shaanxi Province. The Zhou dynasty had its capital at hao, near the city of Xi'an, or Chang'an, as it was known in its heydey in th imperial period. Sharing the language and culture of Shang, the Zhou rulers, through conquest and colonization, gradually sinicized, that is, extended Shang culture through much of China Proper north of the Chang jiang [Yangtze river]. In 771 B.C. the Zhou court was sacked, and its king was killed by invading barbarians who were allied with rebel lords. The capital was moved eastward to Luoyang in present-day Henan Province. Because of this shift, historians divide the Zhou era into Western Zhou [1027-771 B.C.] and Eastern Zhou [770-221 B.C.]. Reportedly, the Zhou dynasty lasted longer than any other."

770 B.C. - Lao Zi �/ China�- "Ancient Chinese sage [770 - 476 B.C.] who authored the Tao Te Ching."

762 �B.C. - Solar Eclipse - "Assyrian Eclipse [June 15th]"

753 B.C. - Rome Founded - �"Legend has it that Rome was founded by Latin colonists in 753 B.C. [1 A.U.C. Anno Urbis Conditae, meaning, in Latin, 'the year of the founding of the city'], but archaeological evidence reveals settlements going back to at least 1000 B.C."

750 B.C. - Greek Mythology - "According to the History Channel, Greek Mythology was collected and written down [by Homer?] about this time."

750 B.C. - Greek Colonizing Expeditions - "First Greek colonizing expeditions." [Compact History Of The World, Geoffrey Parker, p. 32]

747 B.C. - Uranus-Neptune Conjunction -

747 B.C. - Zechariah Rules Israel - "A traditional date when Zechariah ruled in Israel 747 B.C."

747 B.C. - Shallum Rules Israel - "A traditional date when Shallum ruled in Israel 747 B.C."

747 B.C. - Menahem Rules Israel - "A traditional date when Menahem ruled in Israel 747-737 B.C."

745 B.C. - Tiglath-Pilesar III Rules Assyria - "A traditional date when Tiglath-Pilesar III ruled in Assyria 745-727 B.C."

743 B.C. - Jotham Rules Judah - "A traditional date when Jotham ruled in Judah 743-729 B.C."

743 B.C. - Ahaz Rules Judah - "A traditional date when Ahaz ruled in Judah 743-727 B.C."

740 B.C. - 23rd Egyptian Dynasty - "A traditional date for the 23rd Egyptian Dynasty �[740 B.C.- 725 B.C.]."

737 B.C. - Pekahiah Rules Israel - "A traditional date when Pekahiah [pqchyh] ruled in Israel 737-735 B.C."
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« Reply #76 on: August 28, 2009, 05:31:53 pm »

735 B.C. - Pekah Rules Israel - "A traditional date when Pekah [pqch] ruled in Israel 735-732 B.C."

735 B.C. - Isaiah / Jerusalem - "In 735 B.C., when Jerusalem was under threat from Syria, the prophet Isaiah proclaimed to the troubled King Ahaz, 'Hear ye now, O house of David .... Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel' [Isaiah 7:13-14]."

732 B.C. - Assyrian Syria - "Traditional date when Assyria conquered Aramaic Syria."

732 B.C. - Hoshea Rules Israel - "A traditional date when Hoshea [hvsa] ruled in Israel 732-724 B.C."

727 B.C. - Hezekiah Rules Judah - "A traditional date when Hezekiah ruled in Judah 727-698 B.C."

727 B.C. - Shalmaneser V Rules Assyria�- "A traditional date when Shalmaneser V ruled in Assyria 727-722 B.C."

725 B.C. - 24th Egyptian Dynasty �- "A traditional date for the 24th Egyptian Dynasty �[725 B.C.- 715 B.C.]."

722 B.C. - Sargon II / Assyria�- "A traditional date when Sargon II ruled in Assyria 722-705 B.C."

722 B.C. - Assyrian Israel - "Sargon II attacked Israel and deported the aristocracy."

714 B.C. - Sargon II / Urartu - "Sargon II conquers Urartu."

712 B.C. - 25th Egyptian Dynasty �- "A traditional date for the 25th Egyptian Dynasty �[712 B.C.- 657 B.C.]."

705 B.C. - Sennacherib Rules Assyria�- "A traditional date when Sennacherib ruled in Assyria 705-681 B.C."

701 B.C. - Assyrian Jerusalem - "Assyrians attack Judah and lays seige to Jerusalem. After the siege of Jerusalem, Judah remained a loyal Assyrian puppet. Under the rule of Menassah, from 692-639 B.C., Judah paid its tribute and enjoyed a half century of peace."

700 B.C. - Status / Assyrian Empire - "In 700 B.C., the Assyrian Empire included all the Tigris-Euphrates region and all the eastern shore of the Mediterranean. It was the most powerful political-military entity the world had yet seen. Reportedly, Assyrian records suggest that the route to the east of the plateau into India was well trodden by 700 B.C., to judge by the preponderance of Aryan names, but so many names did not appear in the west." Links: 1

700 B.C. - Hesiod / Greece - "According to the History Channel, Hesiod composed a�history of the Greek Gods [Theogony] about this time."

700 B.C.

700 B.C. - Aramaic / Lingua Franca - "With the spread of Aramaic as the lingua franca of the Near East in the 7th and 6th centuries B.C., the increasing use of the Phoenician script, and the loss of political independence in Mesopotamia with the growth of the Persian Empire, cuneiform came to be used less and less, although it continued to be written by many conservative priests and scholars for several more centuries."

700 B.C. - Bible Chronology - "We now know that the early books of the Bible and their famous stories of Israelite history were first codified [and in key respects composed] at an identifiable place and time: Jerusalem in the seventh century BCE." [The Bible Unearthed, Israel Finkelstein & Neil Asher Silberman, p. 5]

700 B.C. - Assyrian Statehood / Edom - "Archaeological investigations indicate that Edom reached statehood only under Assyrian auspices in the seventh century BCE. Before that period it was a sparsely settled fringe area inhabited mainly by pastoral nomads. No less important, Edom was destroyed by the Babylonians in the sixth century BCE, and sedentary activity there recovered only in Hellenistic times." [Israel Finkelstein & Neil Asher Silberman, The Bible Unearthed, p. 68]

698 B.C. - Manasseh Rules Judah - "A traditional date when Manasseh ruled in Judah 698-642 B.C."

688 B.C. - Uranus-Pluto Conjunction -

683 B.C. - Athenian Oligarchy / Greece - "Athenian monarchy abolished and placed itself under an oligarchy, from which an archon ['ruler'] was chosen each year."

681 B.C. - Esarhaddon Rules Assyria - "A traditional date when Esarhaddon ruled in Assyria 681-669 B.C."

671 B.C. - Assyrian Egypt - "Assyrians occupy northern portion of Egypt, as once the Hyksos had done nearly nine centuries earlier."

669 B.C. - Ashurbanipal�Rules Assyria - "A traditional date when Ashurbanipal ruled in Assyria 669-627 B.C."

664 B.C. - Psammetichus Rules Egypt - "A traditional date when Psammetichus ruled in Egypt 664-610 B.C."

660 B.C. - Jimmu Tenno / Japan - �"Literally, Emperor Jimmu, Legendary first emperor of Japan, 660 B.C. His name before being titled Emperor was Kamu-Yamato-Ihare-Hiko-no-Mikoto."

660 B.C. - Byzantium Founded �- "Founding of Byzantium by Greeks. Building of Acropolis in Athens."

657 B.C. - 26th Egyptian Dynasty - "A traditional date for the 26th Egyptian Dynasty �[657 B.C.- 525 B.C.]."

650 B.C. - Status / Carthage - "By 650 B.C., Carthage had its own navy and, thanks to its flourishing commerce, could hire plenty of mercenary soldiers. It dominated and protected the other Phoenician colonies. It controlled virtually all the north African coast west of Egypt, together with western Sicily and the other western-Mediterranean islands: Sardinia, Corsica, and the Balearic islands. It had bases on the coast of Spain as well."

647 B.C. - Solar Eclipse - "Archilochus Eclipse [April 6th]"

641 B.C. - Amon Rules Judah - "A traditional date when Amon ruled in Judah 641-640 B.C."

640 B.C. - Egyptian Phoenicia - "Between 640 and 630 BCE, when the Assyrians withdrew their forces from Plilistia, Phoenicia, and the area of the former kingdom of Israel, Egypt took over most of those areas, and political domination by Egypt replaced the Assyrian yoke." [The Bible Unearthed, Israel Finkelstein & Neil Asher Silberman, p. 69]

639 B.C. - Josiah Rules Judah - "A traditional date when Josiah ruled in Judah 639-609 B.C."

639 B.C. - Monotheism / Judah - "In reaction to the pace and scope of the changes brought to Judah from the outside, the seventh-century leaders in Jerusalem, headed by king Josiah - a sixteenth-generation descendant of King David - declared all traces of foreign worship to be anthema, and indeed the cause of Judah's current misfortunes."[The Bible Unearthed, Israel Finkelstein & Neil Asher Silberman, p. 2]

628 B.C. - Zoroaster's Reformation - "Zoroaster was the greatest prophet among the ancient Iranians. He took his birth in order to establish the worship of Ahura Mazda, the Supreme Lord of the Universe and to fulfil the Divine Mission. In Old Persian he was called Zarathrustra or Zarthost. In a Greek transliteration he was known as Zoroaster. A biographical account of Zoroaster is tenuous at best or speculative at the other extreme. There are many conflicting versions as to when Zarathrustra lived. No one knows exactly the dates of his birth and death. Some researcher's date Zarathrustra's birth to anywhere between 1,500 B.C. and 1,000 B.C., or even earlier. Some say that Zoroaster lived about 6,000 B.C. Others maintain that he flourished in the middle of the seventh century B.C. Most versions date him to approximately 600 B.C. - also the time line for Buddha. According to tradition, his birth date was 628 B.C. In Persia Mithra was the protector God of the tribal society until Zoroaster's reformation of Persian polytheism [628-55B.C.]. Mithra like the rest of the gods and goddess of the Iranian Pantheon was stripped of his sovereignty, and all his powers and attributes were bestowed upon Zarathrustra. The stature of Ahura-Mazda was elevated to that of supreme god of goodness, whereas the god Ahriman became the ultimate embodiment of evil. In the same way that Ahkenaton, Abraham, Heliogabalus, and Mohammed later initiated henotheistic cults from the worship of their respective deities, Zarathustra created a henotheistic dualism with the gods Ahura-Mazda and Ahriman. As a result of the Babylonian captivity of the Jews [597 B.C.] and their later emancipation by King Cyrus the Great of Persia [538 B.C.], Zoroastrian dualism was to influence the Jewish belief in the existence of HaShatan, the malicious Adversary of the god Yahweh, and later permit the evolution of the Christian Satan-Jehovah dichotomy. Persian religious dualism became the foundation of an ethical system that has lasted until this day."
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« Reply #77 on: August 28, 2009, 05:32:09 pm »

625 B.C. - Cyaxares Rules Medes - "About 625 B.C., the Medes were united under a vigorous king, Cyaxares [Uvakhshtra], who reigned from 625-585 B.C. In alliance, the Medes and Chaldaeans destroyed Assyria." Links: 1

609 B.C. - Jehoahaz �Rules Judah - "A traditional date when Jehoahaz ruled in Judah 609 B.C."

612 B.C. - Chaldean Victory / Nineveh ��- "Nineveh destroyed by Chaldeans [Neo-Babylonians] and Medes."

612 B.C - Deuteronomy Rediscovered? - "As Assyria declined, Judah declared itself independent again, and, under Josiah, who reigned from 640-609 B.C., Yahwism won a temporary victory in Judah. Jerusalem was made the center of all worship, and all subsidiary cult centers were wiped out. A book of the law, our present Biblical book of Deuteronomy [Greek for - second law], centered on Yahwism, was prepared and was 'rediscovered' in the Temple with great publicity and attributed to the hand of Moses. The question arises, however, about how Moses could really have been the author of the Five Books of Moses, since the last book, Deuteronomy, describes in great detail the precise time and circumstances of Moses' own death. According to a noted archaeologist [Israel Finkelstein], we now know that the early books of the Bible and their famous stories of �early Israelite history were first codified [and in key respects composed] at an identifiable place and time: Jerusalem in the seventh century BCE."

*Trivia: "Some 800 years or so after the time of Moses, Deuteronomy was purposefully shaped as if it were coming directly from the mouth of Moses. It was not so much about ancestral record (as was more the case with Exodus), but about creating a framework of lore which was to become law. Its use of history was wholly manipulative in that a primary requirement was to justify the Israelites' violent invasion of Canaan by promoting it as having been God's will. In this regard, we have Moses stating that God is going to 'destroy these nations from before thee, and thou shalt possess them' (Deuteronomy 31:3). Other similar announcements include: 'Thou shalt utterly destroy them' (20:17) and 'Thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor show mercy unto them' (7:2). There is, of course, no record that Moses ever said such things, while prior to that (in Exodus) we have him delivering the thoroughly contrasting commandment, 'Thou shalt not kill.' " [Laurence Gardner, Lost Secrets of the Sacred Ark, pp. 63-64]

610 B.C. - Necho II Rules Egypt - "A tradititional date when Necho II ruled in Egypt 610-595 B.C."

608 B.C. - Jehoiakim Rules Judah - "A traditional date when Jehoiakim ruled in Judah 608-598 B.C."

604 B.C. - Birth / Lao-tse - "Chinese philosopher and founder of Taoism is born. Other dates attributed to Lao-tse [Lao Zi] include: 770 B.C."

604 B.C. - Nebuchadnezzar Rules Babylon - "The Old Testament book of 2-Kings tells of how, from 606-586 BC, Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon [King Nebuchadnezzar II from 604 BC] laid seige to Jerusalem. He captured king Jechoniah of Judah and carried him off to Babylon along with 'all of Jerusalem, and the princes, and all the mighty men of valour, even ten thousand captives, and all the craftsmen and smiths; none remained save the poorest sort of people of the land' [2-Kings 24:14]."

*Trivia: "The best-known biblical ziggurat was the Tower of Babel [Genesis 11:1-9], built on the Babylonian plain of Shinar - an alternative name for Sumer. This ziggurat fell into ruin long ago, but it was replaced by another, built by Nebuchadnezzar II [604-562 BC] who also constructed the famous Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Although also now long gone, the ground-plan of the second Babylon ziggurat shows that it was actually a large-scale replication of the ziggurat of Ur."

600 B.C. - Assyrian Decline - "By 600 B.C., Assyria had been thoroughly wiped out, and vanished from the pages of history."

600 B.C. - Chaldean Puppet / Judah - "By 600 B.C., Judah found itself a puppet again. Now it was the Chaldean Empire that was master."

600 B.C. - Birth / Mithra - "According to popular tradition, Mithras was born of a virgin on December 25th, around 600 B.C."

600 B.C. - Armenians / Urartu - "After Urartu had been destroyed by the Assyrians and the Cimmerians about 700 B.C., a group of people who came to be known as Armenians moved into the area about 600 B.C. They remained subject to the Persian Empire, then to Alexander, then to the Seleucid Empire."

600 B.C. - Demotic - "Demotic is a highly cursive Egyptian script that replaced hieratic as the script for everyday use from 600 BCE onward."

600 B.C. - Silver Scroll - "The oldest �known fragment of a Biblical text."

600 B.C. - Bible Saga - "The world in which the Bible was created was not a mythic realm of great cities and saintly heroes, but a tiny, down-to-earth kingdom where people struggled for their future against the all-too-human fears of war, poverty, injustice, disease,famine, and drought. The historical saga contained in the Bible - from Abraham's encounter with God and his journey to Canaan, to Moses' deliverance of the children of Israel from bondage, to the rise and fall of the kingdoms of Israel and Judah - was not a miraculous revelation, but a brilliant product of the human imagination. It was first conceived �- as recent archaeological findings suggest - during the span of two or three generations, about twenty-six hundred years ago. Its birthplace was the kingdom of Judah, a sparsely settled region of shepherds and farmers, ruled from an out-of-the-way royal city precariously perched in the heart of the hill country on a narrow ridge between steep, rocky ravines." [The Bible Unearthed, Israel Finkelstein & Neil Asher Silberman, p. 1]

*Commentary:�"The Bible is not 'the word of God,' but stolen from pagan sources. Its Eden, Adam, and Eve were taken from the Babylonian account; its Flood or Deluge is but an epitome of some four hundred flood accounts; its Ark and Ararat have their equivalents in a score of Deluge myths; even the names of Noah's sons are copies, so also Isaac's sacrifice, Solomon's judgement, and Sampson's pillar act; its Moses is fashioned after the Syrian Mises; its laws after Hammurabi's code. Its Messiah is derived from the Egyptian Mahdi, Savior, certain verses are verbatim copies of Egyptian scriptures. Between Jesus and the Egyptian Horus, Gerald Massey found 137 similarities, and those between Christ and Krishna run into the hundreds. How then can the Bible be a revelation to the Jews?" [Deceptions and Myths Of The Bible, Lloyd M. Graham, p.5]
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« Reply #78 on: August 28, 2009, 05:32:22 pm »

600 B.C. - Compilation / Hebrew Old Testament - "The Old Testament as we have come to know it was a largely retrospective work, first compiled between the 6th and 2nd centuries B.C., but relating to the events of hundreds and even thousands of years before." [Laurence Gardner, Genesis Of The Grail Kings, p. 5]

600 B.C. - Bible Creation �/ The Priestly Account - "There would be no real interest in creation in Israel until the sixth century BCE, when the author whom we call 'P' wrote his majestic account �in what is now the first chapter of Genesis. J is not absolutely clear that Yahweh is the sole creator of heaven and earth. Most noticeable, however, is J's perception of a certain distinction between man and the divine. Instead of being composed of the same divine stuff as his god, man [adam], as the pun indicates, belongs to the earth [adamah]." [A History of God, Karen Armstrong, p. 13]

600 B.C. - Birth / Genesis Account - "In the 6th century B.C., when the Israelites were captives of Nebuchadnezzar, the Enuma Elish was a standard recitation at the New Year festivals in Babylon, as it had been for many centuries. This festival lasted through the first eleven days of Nisan [modern March-April] and the poem [more than 920 lines] was related in its entirety by the High Priest, with parts of the story re-enacted. There was no way that the old Creation epic could have escaped the attention of the Israelites, and they were clearly fascinated by its content. By that time they were referring to their God as Jehovah, having dispensed with the Canaanite names El Elyon and El Shaddai - but it mattered not that the Babylonians called their deity Marduk, for here was the story of universal creation being ritualistically played out before their very eyes. Thus was the biblical Genesis born, as the onlooking Israelite priests made their notes of record." [Genesis Of The Grail Kings, Laurence Gardner]

600 B.C. - Israelite History -�"In the 6th century BC, the exiled Israelites had written down their history in all honesty from available Babylonian records. Having also discovered the old book of the Mosaic Law, they were further enabled to cement the rules of their religious doctrine - and they returned to Jerusalem and Judaea with a comprehensive literary base. By the 2nd century BC, additional books were being compiled, not necessarily with history in mind, but with a view to adding a mythological aspect in line with the prevailing Greco-Alexandrian culture. This was certainly a romantic age, but in adding the romance a good deal of history was unfortunately veiled, so that the original Nephilim of the Sumerian era became misidentified as morally fallen angels." [Laurence Gardner, Genesis of the Grail Kings, p. 55]�

597 B.C. - Jehoiachin Rules Judah - "A traditional date when Jehoiachin ruled in Judah 597 B.C."

596 B.C. - Zedekiah Rules Judah - "A traditional date when Zedekiah ruled in Judah 596-586 B.C."

597 B.C. - Age of Pisces - "Theoretical beginning date for the Age of Pisces. According to this particular mathematical paradigm, the next age to dawn, the Age of Aquarius, will occur about the year 2003 A.D. [597 B.C. + 2,600 years = 2003 A.D.]." [Etznab Mathers]

584 B.C. - Solar Eclipse - "Thales' Eclipse [May 28th]"

582 B.C. - Birth / Pythagoras - "Pythagoras [582-507 B.C.], the Greek philosopher and mathematician, was born. Reportedly, there is no certainty regarding the exact year when Pythagoras was born. The same might be said for Buddha. One of the more popular dates for the birth of Pythagoras is 570 B.C."

Between 578 and �575 there was a pretty exact mutual conjunction of Uranus, Neptune and Pluto, at 8-10� Taurus, with Saturn in opposition. A Stellium, or Multiple Conjunction, is when three or more planets conjunct each other within close succession. It represents a tremendous ending and new beginning, a concurrence of three or more cycles. The past is lost, and a journey into a wide-open future follows." �

578 B.C. - Configuration - "Neptune-Pluto [8� Taurus] conjunction. Neptune-Pluto Cycles seem to provide an underlying driving force behind history, bringing together the change-inducing ram-force of Pluto with the imaginal, belief-oriented influence of Neptune. These cycles delineate history into approximately 500-year cycles, which can be regarded as basic chapters of human culture and civilization, in which different themes and progressions are explored in different historical contexts."

577 B.C. - Configuration - "Uranus-Pluto [10-11� Taurus] conjunction [577-576 B.C.]. Uranus has a reasonably constant cycle of motion lasting 84-85 years, spending seven years in each zodiac sign. Pluto orbits eccentrically in 250ish years, spending anything from 12 to 35 years in a sign. Uranus' cycle is roughly one-third of the duration of Pluto's, and there's an elastic twang to their inter-aspects which is elegantly irregular. Their stretchy orbital antics make for a regular pattern of mutual conjunctions, alternately 111ish and 143ish years apart. Uranus-Pluto Cycles act in an action-stimulating, pushing-and-pulling way, which causes course-swings, spontaneous innovations and mutations to occur as the centuries roll on. Uranus introduces new elements into the unfolding equation, and Pluto rolls them out - or, alternatively, the relentless power of change bears down on humanity to shift its direction and the bundles of issues it works through. Critical aspects in this cycle can bring breakthroughs, outbursts and tidal-waves of change. Phases of resistance to change, or of going against what is most deeply called for, is also seen in this cycle. Uranus-Pluto conjunctions and oppositions might bring sudden and radical changes, like a cathartic diarrhoea, yet their full integration takes ages. If we take the radical teachings on love spread by Jesus, born during the Uranus-Pluto opposition of 6 B.C. to 1 A.D., we've so far taken two millennia, and we still haven't created Heaven on Earth! So much for quick Uranian action! Yet this man's essential teachings are not obsolete." �

576 B.C. - Configuration - "Uranus-Neptune [14-15� Taurus] conjunction [576-575 B.C.]. Uranus and Neptune have relatively regular cycles - their orbits around the Sun are close-to-circular, so the complexities brought along by eccentric Pluto do not apply here. Successive conjunctions of Uranus and Neptune roll along every 170-172 years, and there's a certain consistency to their positioning too. Each conjunction occurs roughly half a sign [16-18�] further along the zodiac, which means that, usually, each sign receives two conjunctions, covering a two-cycle period lasting 240-245 years. This is close to the zodiacal cycle of Pluto at 250 years, almost half the length of a Neptune-Pluto cycle of 495 years [roughly twice the average length of Uranus-Pluto cycles]. Uranus-Neptune Cycles represent a contextual-shifting force, in which the underlying attitudinal feeling and perspective with which people experience their lives shifts surreptitiously and, at times, in sudden jumps or slides. This cycle affects the illusions and truths of any time and generation - and thus how they impact on history through their beliefs and the externalisation of the deeper human psyche in public and cultural affairs. The way people understand themselves and reality [Neptune], and the jiggling, sparking, shaking influence of Uranus combine here to lead people on an adventure - or if we so choose, a nightmare - of consciousness, culture, creativity and vision-led initiative. Uranus-Neptune energies work surreptitiously. They influence awareness and the inner movies playing within the world psyche." �

570 B.C. - Birth / Pythagoras - "The Essenes were advocates of the Greek philosopher Pythagoras [570-500 BC], who in his great study of arithmetical ratios searched for meaning both in the physical and metaphysical worlds through mathematical proportions. Over the centuries, using his methodology, world events were foretold with suprising accuracy. One particular event so forecast was the beginning of a new World Order, an occurence that was in many quarters determined to be the advent of the Savior Messiah."
� �"Pythagoras expounded the doctrine of reincarnation: the idea that, upon death in one life, the soul enters another body and begins life anew."

563 B.C. - Birth / Buddha - "Buddha [563-483 B.C.], was born."

*Trivia: "Ages before the time of Jesus or Buddha, every single precept taught by either one of them was well known in the world and formed a part of the fundamental code. If you live up to those teachings, you are not thereby following that particular Master or any one Master. If a given precept has been taught by seven Masters during different ages of the world, are you thereby a disciple of all seven of them? You are simply walking in the light of universal ethical principles, regardless of individual Masters." [Julian P. Johnson, The Path of the Masters, Sixteenth Edition 1997, p. 192; 1st published: 1939]

559 B.C. - Achaemenian [Achaemenid] Dynasty / Iran - "The Dynasty which ruled Iran from the time of Cyrus the Great [559 B.C.] to the invasian of Alexander the Great [330 B.C.]."

551 B.C. - Birth / Confucius - "Confucius [551-479 B.C.], was born."

540 B.C. - Birth / Mahavira - "Mahavira [540-483 B.C.], the founder of Jainism , was born."

539 B.C. - Cyrus the Great �Rules Persia - "Cyrus the Great of Persia creates great empire, conquers Babylon, and frees the Jews."

539 B.C. - Athenian Democracy / Greece - "Athenian democracy develops."
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« Reply #79 on: August 28, 2009, 05:32:34 pm »

538 B.C. - Jewish Liberation - "A new Babylonian king allows the Jews to return to Judah and rebuild the Temple. While many do return, a significant number remain in Babylonia. While in Babylonia, a number of Hebrew prophets had been influenced by the dualism of Zoroaster."

538 B.C. - Second Jewish Temple / Beginning - �"Beginning of Second Jewish Temple [538 B.C. - 70 A.D.] period."

537 B.C. - Cyrus / India - "Cyrus the Persian campaigns west of the Indus River."

536 B.C. - Good and Evil - "Hebrew prophets, freed from Babylonian captivity in 536 B.C., �had reportedly been influenced by the dualism of Zoroaster during their captivity."

525 B.C. - 27th Egyptian Dynasty -"Traditional date for the 27th Egyptian Dynasty �[525 B.C.- 404 B.C.]. In 525 B.C. Egypt was conquered by the Persians."

521 B.C. - Configuration - Uranus-Pluto [Capricorn/Cancer] opposition [521-518 B.C.]." �

517 B.C. - Darius Rules Persia - "Darius the Persian conquers the Indus valley region, making the area a province of the Persian Empire. According to some scholars, 'Darius' is a common name for Persian kings."

515 B.C. - Second Jewish Temple / Completed - �"Second Jewish temple completed."

500 B.C.

500 B.C. - Mahabharata - "The Mahabharata [500-200 B.C.], of which the Bhagavad Gita is a part, is put into final form."

500 B.C. - �Genesis - During the later part of the nineteenth century, groundbreaking scholarship explained how the Book of Genesis is an edited combination of several different sources and traditions, now believed to have been compiled in its present form no earlier than 500-300 B.C."

500 B.C. - Exodus - "In the final text of Exodus, edited in the fifth century BCE, God is said to have made a covenant with Moses on Mount Sinai [an event which is supposed to have happened around 1200]. There has been a scholarly debate about this: some critics believe that the covenant did not become important in Israel until the seventh century BCE. But whatever its date, the idea of the covenant tells us that the Israelites were not yet monotheists, since it only made sense in the polytheistic setting. The Israelites did not believe that Yahweh, the God of Sinai, was the only God but promised, in their covenant, that they would ignore all other deities and worship him alone. It is difficult to find a single monotheistic statement in the whole of the Pentateuch. Even the Ten Commandments delivered on Mount Sinai take the existence of other Gods for granted: 'There shall be no strange Gods for you before my face.' " [A History of God, Karen Armstrong, pp. 22-23]

500 B.C. - Athenian Democracy - "Reforms of Cleisthenes establish Athenian democracy." [Compact History Of The World, Geoffrey Parker, p. 32]

500 B.C. - Brahmi Script - "This elegant script appeared in India most certainly by the 5th century BCE, but the fact that just like the Greek alphabet, it has many local variants, which suggests that its origin lies further back in time. It is in this script that the great Indian king Asoka inscribed his laws onto monumental columns."

500 B.C. - Persian Script - "Around the time of the first great Persian Empire of the Achaemenids around 500 BCE, Persian was written in a cuneiform syllabary. It was not a direct descendent of Sumerian and Akkadian systems, because even though Old Persian is cuneiform, its signs did not correspond to earlier signs. Old Persian only kept the cuneiform appearance of its character simply out of tradition, and the actual shape of the signs were completely original."

500 B.C. - South Arabian Script - "South Arabian proper appears around 500 BCE, and continued to be used until around 600 CE [at which time, of course, the entire Arabian Peninsula was converted to Islam and Arabic became the most important language]."

499 B.C. - Greco-Persian Wars - "In the 5th century B.C. the vast Persian Empire attempted to conquer Greece. If the Persians had succeeded, they would have set up local tyrants, called satraps, to rule Greece and would have crushed the first stirrings of democracy in Europe. The survival of Greek culture and political ideals depended on the ability of the small, disunited Greek city-states to band together and defend themselves against Persia's overwhelming strength. The struggle, known in Western history as the Persian Wars, or Greco-Persian Wars, lasted 20 years--from 499 to 479 BC."

492 B.C. - Configuration - "Uranus-Neptune [Taurus/Scorpio] opposition [492-488 B.C.]." �

490 B.C. - Battle of Marathon - "Greeks defeat Persians at battle of Marathon."

485 B.C. - Xerxes I Rules Persia�- "Xerxes I, rules�[485-465 B.C.] in Persia."

480 B.C. - Greek Victories / �Thermopylae and Salamis - "Greeks defeat Persians at Thermopylae and Salamis."

478 B.C. - Athenian Domination / Aegean Sea - "Athens dominates [478-404 B.C.] Aegean through Delian League." [Compact History Of The World, Geoffrey Parker, p. 32]

469 B.C. - Birth / Socrates - "Immortality of the soul [rather than of the body] was around as a concept long before Jesus's time. In the ancient Greek world it was promoted by the followers of the Athenian philosopher Socrates [469-399 B.C.]."

462 B.C. - Pericles Rules Athens - "Pericles comes to power in Athens."

460 B.C. - Birth / Hippocrates - "Hippocrates [460 B.C.-377 B.C.], the Greek 'Father of Medicine' is born."

459 B.C. - Ezra - "The scribe who led the second body of exiles that returned from Babylon to Jerusalem B.C. 459, and author of the book of scripture that bears his name. In the seventh year in the reign of Artaxeres Longimanus [see Darius], he obtained leave to go up to Jerusalem and to take with him a company of Israelites [Ezra 8:1-36]. For about fourteen years, i.e., till B.C. 455, we have no record of what went on in Jerusalem after Ezra had set in order the ecclesiastical and civil affairs of the nation. In that year another distinguished personage, Nehemiah, appears on the scene."

450 B.C. - Persian Decline - "By 450 B.C. the Persian Empire was in decline."

450 B.C. - Flowering Greek Culture - �"Flowering of Greek culture [450-400 B.C.]."

449 B.C. - �Peace of Callias - "Persia and Athens sign peace treaty."

447 B.C. - Parthenon - "Traditional date when the Parthenon was built in Athens as a temple of the goddess Athena [447-432 B.C.]."

445 B.C. - Nehemiah - "Jerusalem came under the rule of Nehemiah, who had been a high official in the Persian government."

439 B.C. - Rebuilding / Jerusalem - "Nehemiah obtained permission to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem."
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« Reply #80 on: August 28, 2009, 05:33:00 pm »

437 B.C. - Configuration - "Uranus-Pluto [Capricorn] conjunction." �

431 B.C. - Beginning / Peloponnesian Wars�- "Peloponnesian Wars between Athens and Sparta [431-404 B.C.] - Sparta victorius. Reportedly Sparta was unwalled."

427 B.C. - Birth / Plato - "Dialogues recorded by Plato [427-348 or 347 B.C.]. Plato maintained in the 4th century BC that mind, not matter, was the root of reality."

424 B.C. - Lunar Eclipse - "October 9th"

423 B.C. - Darius II Rules Persia - "Darius II rules [423 B.C.- 423 B.C.] in Persia."

415 B.C. - Status / Peloponnesian War - "Athens fatally overstrained her resources with a disastrous expedition against Syracuse and Sicily [415-13 BC] ." [Compact History Of The World, Geoffrey Parker, p. 32]

412 B.C. - Lunar Eclipse - "August 28th"

405 B.C. - Lunar Eclipse - "April 15th"

404 B.C. - Configuration - "Uranus-Neptune [Gemini] conjunction." �

404 B.C. - 28th Egyptian Dynasty - "A traditional date for the 28th Egyptian Dynasty �[404 B.C.- 399 B.C.]."

404 B.C. - Athenian Empire Fragmented - "In 431 BC, Sparta declared war on Athens. The Peloponnesian war lasted 27 years and despite victories on both sides, Athens fatally overstrained her resources with a disastrous expedition against Syracuse and Sicily [415-13 BC] and was finally defeated in 404 BC. Her empire fragmented." [Compact History Of The World, Geoffrey Parker, p. 32]

400 B.C. - Sanskrit �Grammar - "Panini's Sutra, the earliest Sanskrit grammer, is written."

400 B.C. - Pentateuch - "First five books of the Old Testament evolve [400-300 B.C.] in final form."
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« Reply #81 on: August 28, 2009, 05:33:29 pm »

400 B.C. - Iberian Scripts - "The Iberian family of scripts is consisted of two 'styles', called Northeast and South. Structurally they are more or less the same, and the major difference between them is (a) geographical location, and (b) shape of the characters."

399 B.C. - 29th Egyptian Dynasty - "A traditional date for the 29th Egyptian Dynasty �[399 B.C.- 380 B.C.]."

399 B.C. - Fatality / Socrates - "Trial and execution of the Greek philosopher Socrates."

392 B.C. - Temple of Juno / Rome - "The Kalends of each month were sacred to Juno so it is appropriate that a temple to her would be dedicated on Kalends of September in 392 B.C.. This particular temple [on the Aventine hill] was vowed by the dictator Marcus Furius Camillus, who led Rome in war against the major Etruscan city of Veii in 396 B.C. Juno Regina was the tutelary goddess of Veii and Camillus made use of the Roman evocatio ritual to 'invite' her to abandon Veii in return for a nice temple and rites at Rome."

390 B.C. - Celtic Invasions / Rome - �"A European people [Celts] invade the Greco-Roman world in the 4th century B.C. In 390 B.C. Rome was sacked and fell to the Gauls."

381 B.C. - Configuration - Uranus-Pluto [Virgo/Pisces] opposition [381-379 B.C.]. Uranus-Pluto conjunctions and oppositions might bring sudden and radical changes, like a cathartic diarrhoea, yet their full integration takes ages." �

380 B.C. - 30th Egyptian Dynasty - "A traditional date for the 30th Egyptian Dynasty �[380 B.C.- 343 B.C.]. The 30th dynasties contains the last of the Egyptian-born Pharaohs."

384 B.C. - Birth / Aristotle �- "Aristotle [384 B.C.-322 B.C.], a pupil of Plato, had tutored the young Alexander, and was one of the greatest ancient philosophers. He produced a virtual encyclopedia covering all the knowledge of the times."

375 B.C. - Juno Lucina - "Juno Lucina was an aspect of the goddess Juno associated with light and childbirth. Her name lucina probably comes from the Latin lucus [grove]. Livy records that the grove on the Esquiline Hill in which a temple was dedicated to her in 375 B.C., is the origin of her name. By the second century B.C., Juno Lucina was associated with childbirth because the name lucina was thought to have come from the Latin word lux [light]. When a child was born it was said to have been "brought to light." Women who worshiped Juno Lucina had to untie knots and unbraid their hair lest lest these entanglements symbolically block delivery. The Matronalia on March 1 honored Juno Lucina."

360 B.C. - Nectanebo Rules Egypt - "Last native Egyptian pharaoh to reign [360 B.C.-343 B.C.] in a line stretching back to Narmer 25 centuries earlier."

358 B.C. - Artaxerxes III Rules Persia - "Artaxerxes III rules [358 B.C.-336 B.C.] in Persia."

356 B.C. - Birth / Alexander - "Philip's wife Olympias gives birth to a son named Alexander."

356 B.C. - Burned / Temple of Artemis - "Reportedly, the temple of Artemis [one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World] was burned by a man named Herostratus."

350 B.C. - Nazca Lines - "Experts have pronounced upon the antiquity of Nazca, basing their opinions on fragments of pottery found embedded �in the lines and on radio-carbon results from various organic remains unearthed here. The dates conjectured range between 350 B.C. and 600 A.D. Realistically, they tell us nothing about the age of the lines themselves, which are inherently as undatable as the stones cleared to make them."

338 B.C. - Phillip II / Greece - "Battle of Chaeronea: Phillip II of Macedon gains control of Greece." [Compact History Of The World, Geoffrey Parker, p. 32]

336 B.C. - Assassinated / Phillip of Macedon - "After subduing the Greek city-states, Philip [382 B.C.-336 B.C.] of Macedon, who believed himself to be a descendant of the Greek people was assassinated. He was succeeded by his son Alexander [The Great]."

335 �B.C. - Egyptian Victory / Alexander the Great - "Alexander the Great destroys Thebes."

333 B.C. - Persion Victory / Alexander the Great - "Alexander defeats the Persian Emperor Darius."

332 �B.C. - Levant Victory / Alexander the Great �- "Alexander the Great conquers Tyre and Jerusalem."

330 B.C. �- Babylonian Victory / Alexander the Great - "Alexander the Great occupies Babylon."

327 B.C. - �Indian Victory / Alexander the Great - "Alexander the Great invades India."

323 B.C. - Configuration - "Uranus-Pluto [Taurus] conjunction." �

323 �B.C. - Fatality / Alexander the Great - "Alexander the Great dies in Babylon. His empire is divided among his generals; one of them, Seleucus I."

323 B.C. - Greek Empire Divided - "Alexander's death in 323 BC �and the ensuing struggles between his leading generals created three major powers: Macedon, Egypt, and the Seleucid kingdom of western Asia." [Compact History Of The World, Geoffrey Parker, p. 32]

323 B.C. - Maurya Dynasty / India - "Chandragupta Maurya founds the Maurya dynasty, the first Indian empire. By 184, this dynasty will conquer most of India."

323 B.C. - Euclid / Greece - "Euclid's work on geometry."

322 B.C - Greek Judah - "Judah is conquered by the Greek Empire. Consequently, some Jews adopt Greek customs and religion."

321 B.C. - Configuration - "Uranus-Neptune [Gemini/Sagittarius] opposition [321-317 B.C.]." �

320 B.C. - Lunar Eclipse - "September 20th"

312 B.C. - Seleucus I / Babylon - "The year that Seleucus I established himself in Babylon."

304 B.C. - Chandragupta / India - "Chandragupta trades 500 war elephants to Seleucus in exchange for the Indus region and regions immediately to the west."

300 B.C. - Temple of the Sun / Mexico - "According to popular history, the Temple of the Sun was built at Teotihuacan, Mexico. Invention of Mayan calendar in Yucatan - more exact than older calendars."

300 B.C. - Yayoi Period / Japan �- "Japanese Yayoi Period 300 B.C.- 300 A.D."

300 B.C.

300 B.C. - Ksav Ashuris - "Reportedly, Ksav Ashuris [ktab asvryt], the script in which all sacred scrolls are written, was not introduced to the Jewish experience until the time of Ezra, approximately twenty-three hundred years ago. Ksav Ashuris, apparently, was the script of ancient Ashur, Assyria, one of the countries of the Persian Empire, under which the Jews were exiled in Ezra's time. Until then, the script used by Jews was the ancient Hebrew script known as Ksav Ivri [ktb abry]. If it is true then that the Ten Commandements were inscribed in a script other than Ksav Ashuris, then it would mean that the script now associated with the Torah is of foriegn origin and that Israel discardedthe script in which God originally conveyed His word to them."

300 B.C. - Dead Sea Scrolls - "Within a fairly short time after their discovery, historical, paleographic, and linguistic evidence, as well as carbon-14 dating, established that the [Dead Sea] scrolls and the Qumran ruin dated from the third century B.C. to 68 A.D. Coming from the late Second Temple Period, a time when Jesus of Nazareth lived, they are older than any other surviving Biblical manuscripts by almost one thousand years."

287 B.C. - Archimedes �/ Greece - �"Archimedes, Greek mathematician [287-212 B.C.]."

285 B.C. - Ptolemy II / Egypt - "Ptolemy II [308 -246 B.C.] takes the throne in Egypt."

273 B.C. - Ashoka / India - "Ashoka [273-232 B.C.], grandson of Chandragupta Maurya, rules in India."

270 B.C. - Septuagint - "In Judea, Hebrew was no longer the language of everyday life. It had been supplanted by Aramaic, which, however, was close enough to Hebrew so that one language could be easily learned by those who spoke the other. In Alexandria, however, the resident Jews learned Greek and, eventually, the Bible could not be understood by them. About 270 B.C., then, �the project of translating the Bible into Greek began. Since 70 scholars were in charge of the project, the translation was called the Septuagint, from a Latin word for seventy." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 73]�

*Trivia:�"The title Genesis was introduced by Greek Bible translators in the 3rd century BC, and relates to 'origin' or 'beginning'. The Hebrew opening for the book was Bereshit: 'At the beginning.' "

264 B.C. - Configuration - Uranus-Pluto [Aquarius/Leo] opposition [264-261 B.C.]." �

264 B.C. - First Punic War - "First Punic war [264-241 B.C.]: Rome defeats the Carthaginians and begins its domination of the Mediterranean."

264 B.C. - Gladiators Games / Rome - "First Roman gladiator games."

250 B.C. - Ptolemaic Egypt - "By 250 B.C., Ptolemaic Egypt was the most prosperous and the strongest nation in the world." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 73]�

*Trivia: "The Ptolemies founded a library which eventually became the largest one the world was to see prior to the invention of printing. By this time the Bible could be read by anyone speaking Greek. An Egyptian priest, Manetho, wrote a history of Egypt and divided its rulers into dynasties, each dynasty representing a family whose members ruled over Egypt for a period of time."

250 B.C. - Buddhist Canon - "A general council of Buddhist monks is held in Patna, where the canon of Buddhist scriptures is selected."

250 B.C. - Sanhedrin / Jerusalem - "According to Jewish tradition, Ezra founded the 'Great Assembly' of teachers who would preserve the oral traditions. Towards the middle of the third century B.C. the Great Assembly ceased and another organization the 'Sanhedrin' took charge of the affairs of the community."

248 B.C. - Arsaces I / Parthian Empire - "After 250 B.C., it seemed that the Seleucid Empire was breaking up. In 248 B.C., the eastern portions of the Seleucid Empire broke away. In what is now Iran, Arsaces I (who may have been of Scythian origin) set up the Parthian Empire, so-called because it was centered on the Persian province of Parthia." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 76]�

241 B.C. - Roman Victory / Carthage - "Rome finally defeated Carthage in the First Punic War and, in 241 B.C., Carthage accepted a losing peace.... Rome took over Sicily - all except for Syracuse which remained independant under Hiero II." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 76]�
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« Reply #82 on: August 28, 2009, 05:33:48 pm »

233 B.C. - Configuration - "Uranus-Neptune [Gemini] conjunction [233-232 B.C.]." �

221 B.C. - Qin Dynasty �/ China - "Much of what came to constitute China Proper was unified for the first time in 221 B.C. In subjugating the six other major states of Eastern Zhou, the Qin kings had relied heavily on Legalist scholar-advisors. Centralization, achieved by ruthless methods, was focussed on standardizing legal codes and bureaucratic procedures, the forms of writing and coinage, and the pattern of thought and scholarship. To silence criticism of imperial rule, the kings banished or put to death many dissenting Confucian scholars and confiscated and burned their books. Qin aggrandizement was aided by frequent military expeditions pushing forward the frontiers in the north and south. To fend off barbarian intrusion, the fortification walls built by the various warring states were connected to make a 5,000-kilometer-long great wall. The first Qin emperor died in 210 B.C. and his dynasty was extinguished less than twenty years after its triumph. The imperial system initiated during the Qin dynasty, however, set a pattern that was developed over the next two millennia."

219 B.C. - Second Punic War - �"Second Punic War [219-201 B.C.]."

218 B.C. - �Hannibal �/ Alps - �"Hannibal, a Carthaginian general [246-142 B.C.], crosses the Alps [218 B.C.]."

214 B.C. - Hun Migration - �"Huns push left to Europe."

211 B.C. - �Hannibal �/ Rome - �"Hannibal reaches the gates of Rome [211 B.C.]."

206 B.C. - Han Dynasty / China - "Three Han dynasties ranged from 206 B.C - 220 A.D."

202 B.C. - �Retreat / Hannibal - �"Hannibal retreats, and is defeated by Scipio Africanus at Zama [202 B.C.]."

200 B.C.

200 B.C. - Roman Supremecy / Western Mediterranian - "By 200 B.C., Rome was supreme in the western Mediterranian." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 77]�

200 B.C. - Book of Enoch - "The book of Enoch [representing the patriarch sixth in line from Adam] was written in the 2nd century BC. It forecast a restoration of the Messianic dynasties and laid down ground-rules for the structure of the priestly hierarchy. Included was the premise that successive dynastic heads should carry the names of the traditional angels and archangels to denote their rank and position. In the Old Testament days of King David, the senior priests were Zadok, Abiathar, and Levi [in that order of precedence]. The Essenes of Qumran duly preserved their priestly heritage using those names as titles: Zadok, Abiathar and Levi, as we have seen. Also, in accordance with the book of Enoch, the archangelic names were retained, under vow, as badges of priestly rank, with the Zadok dynast also being Michael; the Abiathar being Gabriel and the Levi being the Sariel." [Bloodline Of The Holy Grail, Laurence Gardner]

191 B.C. - Beginning / Roman World Domination - "Romans defeat Seleucid King Antiochus III at Thermopylae. The beginning of Roman world domination."

184 B.C. - End / Maurya �Dynasty - "The Maurya dynasty ends when the last ruler is assassinated by an ambitious army commander."

182 B.C. - Configuration - "Uranus-Pluto [Aquarius] conjunction. Uranus-Pluto conjunctions and oppositions might bring sudden and radical changes, like a cathartic diarrhoea, yet their full integration takes ages." �

167 B.C. - Lunar Eclipse - "June 21st"

168 B.C. - Jewish Revolt - �"The uprising in 168 BC, in which the priestly caste of Hasmonaean Maccabees came to prominence, was prompted largely by the action of King Antiochus IV Epiphanes of Syria, who had foisted a system of Greek worship upon the Jewish community."

165 B.C. - Book of Daniel - "Approximate time when the Old Testament Book of Daniel was written."
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« Reply #83 on: August 28, 2009, 05:34:03 pm »

150 B.C. - Parthian Empire - "By 150 B.C., all of the Old Persian Empire east of the Tigris-Euphrates valley was in Parthian hands. It was the eastern two thirds of the Persian empire, reconstituted one and three-quarter centuries after the death of Alexander the great. It was Persian in language and culture and Zoroastrian in religion."

150 B.C. - Configuration - "Uranus-Neptune [Gemini/Sagittarius] opposition [150-146 B.C.]." �

149 B.C. - Third Punic War �- "Third Punic War [149-146 B.C.]: Rome destroys Carthage [146 B.C.], killing 450,000 and enslaving the remaining 50,000 inhabitants. Roman armies conquer Macedonia, Greece, Anatolia, Balearic Islands, and southern France."

141 B.C. - Seleucid Empire / Syria - "In 141 B.C., Mithradates I of Parthia captured the Tigris-Euphrates valley from the Seleucid Empire, and established a new capital at Ctesiphon, just across the river from Seleucia. The Seleucid Empire, with its capital at Antioch, was now confined to Syria." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 83]�

141 B.C. - Independence / Judea - "Independence of Judea established by the last of the Maccabean brothers [Simon]."

135 B.C. - Slave Rebellion / Sicily - "There was a slave rebellion in Sicily in 135 B.C., which took three years to put down. Some 200,000 slaves were in rebellion and, in the end, 20,000 of them were crucified." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 82]�

133 B.C. - Roman Spain - "By 133 B.C., Rome had extended its dominations westward to include all of Spain except for the northwestern quarter."

133 B.C. - Assassination / Tiberius Graccus - "The Democratic leader Tiberius Graccus put forward proposals for agrarian reform in 133 BC, but he was murdered by the Senetorial party. His brother took up the farmers' cause and he to was murdered, with the Democratic leadership passing to the military commander Gaius Marius."

*Trivia: "The tribune Tiberius Gracchus of the Roman Empire tried in 133 B.C. to reduce the power of the moneychangers through stricter laws against usury and to limit the legal land ownership to iugeri (about 600 acres) per family. He was murdered the same year." [Juri Lina, The Barnes Review, p. 8, Sept./Oct. 2004]

130 B.C. - Qumran Community - "When the triumphant House of Maccabaeus took control and set up their own King and High Priest in Jerusalem, the Hasidim [a core of ultra-strict Jewish devotees, or 'Pious Ones'] not only voiced their opposition but marched en masse out of the city in order to establish their own 'pure' community in the nearby Wilderness of Qumran. Building work started in around 130 BC. Apart from the evidence of the scrolls, a collection of coins has also been amassed from the Qumran settlement, relating to a time-span from the Hasmonaean ruler John Hyrcanus [135-104 BC] to the Jewish Revolt of AD 66-70. Excavations at Qumran have produced much older relics dating from around 3,500 B.C."

128 B.C. - Lunar Eclipse - "November 5th"

127 B.C. - Configuration - "Uranus-Pluto [libra/Aries] opposition." �

113 B.C. - Migration / Germanic Tribes - "Beginning in 113 B.C., Germanic tribes called the Cimbri and Teutones were moving into the Roman sphere of influence. Two armies were sent to stop them and were defeated."

110 B.C. - Wu Ti / Southern China - "In about 110 B.C., the Chinese, under the emperor Wu Ti, advanced south of the Yangtse River and annexed all of what is now southern China."

108 B.C. - Chinese Korea - "In 108 B.C., Korea was conquered by China."

107 B.C. - Gaius Marius / Roman Republic - "By 107 BC Gaius Marius was Consul of Rome."

105 B.C. - Germainic Tribes �/ Italy - "By 105 B.C., Germanic tribes were beginning to threaten Italy, and had defeated a third force sent against them." [Based on: Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 82]�

102 B.C. - German Victory / Gaius Marius - "In two separate battles, in 102 B.C. and in 101 B.C., Marius completely wiped out the invading Germanic tribes." [Based on: Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 82]�

100 B.C. - Roman Masrership / Mediterranean Area - "Rome had become master of the entire Mediterranean area from the Atlantic Ocean to the Euphrates River." [Based on: Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 82]�

100 B.C.

95 B.C. - Tigranes I / Armenia - "Once the Seleucid Empire broke up, two Armenian kingdoms gained their independence. In 95 B.C., the two were united under the energetic rule of � Tigranes I (140-55 B.C.). Sometimes called 'Tigranes the Great.' " [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 84]�

88 B.C. - Roman Defeat / Asia Minor - "In 88 B.C., Mithradates VI of Pontus, seeing that Rome was absolutely intent on limiting his power, decided to take the offensive. He swept westward in a suprise attack and drove the Romans out of Asia Minor, arranging to kill as many Roman civilians as possible. (He is supposed to have killed 80,000, but this may be a Roman atrocity story.)" [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 84]�

88 B.C. - Roman Reforms - "Roman reforms grant citizenship to all Italians."

84 B.C. - Configuration - "Neptune-Pluto [15-16 Taurus] conjunction [84-83 B.C.]. Neptune-Pluto cycles last about 495 years - half a millennium. They characterise an underlying driving-force behind history, an undertow of reality which marries the inevitable ram-force of Pluto with the imaginal, ideational power of Neptune. This combined force helps us define our underlying historical reality on a collective-unconscious level - this world-view and body of collective experience being a combination of actualities and perceptions." �

82 B.C. - Cornelius Sulla / Roman Republic -�"Gaius Marius deposed by Cornelius Sulla who became Roman Dictator."

73 B.C. - Slave Rebellion / Spartacus - "In 73 B.C., a third slave rebellion broke out, under the leadership of a gladiator from Thrace named Spartacus (d. 71 B.C.). It raged over Italy for two years before being put down by Pompey and by Marcus Licinius Crassus. Crassus was Rome's richest man, who had gotten rich by business practices so questionable he would probably have felt right at home on Wall Street." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 85]�
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« Reply #84 on: August 28, 2009, 05:34:15 pm »

71 B.C. - Roman Seleucid - "Romans conquer the Seleucid Empire."

69 B.C. - Configuration - "Uranus-Pluto [Gemini] conjunction." �

67 B.C. - Mithraism / Rome - "Reportedly, 'The popular Cult of Mithra [or Mithras] was indeed an embarrassment to the early church. Its roots are probably in Syria and it is believed to be an offshoot of the Persian cult of Zoroaster. It seems to have been introduced into the Roman Empire around 67BC. Born in a stable to a virgin, birthday celebrated on 25 December, died and reborn, Passover celebrated around Easter, whose rites of worship involved the ingestion of food and drink that were symbolic of eating the flesh of Mithra, and all this 600 years before the birth of Christ. Also included were rites of baptism, the belief in immortality, resurrection, a judgement at the end between Heaven and Hell, and a saviour who died and was resurrected to act as a mediator between man and God.' It is important to remember that the popular definitions of Mithraism have mutated over the centuries to conform with the molds of contemporary society. The popular definitions in circulation today are most likely far from the mark compared to what people understand about 'Mithra' in the beginning."

63 B.C. - Roman Palestine - �"In 63 BC Roman legions first entered Palestine, and Pompey the Great, the Roman general who led the conquering forces, placed the Jewish state under the control of the governor of Syria. Judea is annexed to Rome about this time, and the Maccabean kingdom came to an end a century after the Maccabean revolt. Another Roman general and statesman, Mark Antony, later gave the throne to Herod the Great, who began his rule in 37 B.C."

63 B.C. - Popularity / Julius Caesar - "The Democratic statesman and general Gaius Julius Caesar (100-44 B.C.) gained popularity and was duly elected to primary office in 63 BC."

63 B.C.? - Triumvirate / Roman Republic - "Pompey and Crassus were now joined by Gaius Julius Caesar (100-44 B.C), a charming and infinitely capable playboy, who was staked by Crassus and who finally made his money by looting Spain. The three formed a triumvirate (Latin for 'three-man combination'). Caesar got himself assigned as governor of the Gallic areas in northern Italy and along the Mediterranean coast. It was his intention to conquer Gaul." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 85]�

62 B.C. - Configuration - "Uranus-Neptune [Cancer] conjunction [62-61 B.C.]." �

60 B.C. - Equinox at Pisces - "Around the year 60 B.C., the Precessional Equinox moved into the sign of Pisces. Other dates associated with the Age of Pisces include: 1 A.D. and 140 A.D."

58 B.C. - Caesar Begins Campaign - "In 58 B.C., Caesar began his campaign." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 85]�

55 B.C. - Roman Britain - "The island of Britain was inhabited by Celtic tribes closley akin to those of Gaul. It first entered the purview of history when Caesar invaded the island in 55 B.C., and again in 54 B.C. Caesar did this to persuade the Britons not to help their Gallic kinsmen in their resistance to Rome." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 91]�

54 B.C. - Fatality / Marcus Licinius Crassus - "Parthinians destroy Crassus' army and kill Crassus."

51 B.C. - Roman Gaul - "Although it took him [Caesar] seven years, by 51 B.C. all of Gaul - right up to the Rhine River - had become Roman, and, in the process, Caesar never lost a battle." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 85]�

51 B.C. - �Cleopatra & Ptolemy �Rule Egypt - "Cleopartra and her brother Ptolemy XIII ascend the Egyptian throne [51-31 B.C.]."

50 B.C. - Status / Rome - "By 50 B.C., then, despite the battles with Pontus and Armenia in the east, despite insurrection and civil war at home, Rome was stronger than ever, and the only civilized nation on its borders that dared be indipendent was the Parthian Empire in the east." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 86]�

49 B.C. - Julius Caesar / Rubicon River - "On January 10, 49 B.C., Caesar crossed the Rubicon River -�the boundary of his Gallic province." [Based on: Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 87]�

48 B.C. - Fatality / Pompey - "Pursued by Caesar, Pompey fled to Egypt where Ptolemy XII ordered him killed."

48 B.C. - Coined Money / Julius Caesar - "In 48 B.C. Julius Caesar deprived the moneychangers of the right to coin money and had it done himself. With a larger money supply he was able to erect many public buildings. Common people adored Caesar for his contribution to making money more available." [By Juri Lina, The Barnes Review, Sept./Oct. 2004, p. 8]

47 B.C. - Roman Victory / Pontus - "On August 2, 47 B.C., Caesar's army met Mithradates VI at Zela in western Pontus. The Romans won so easy a victory that Caesar sent a message to Rome that said, Veni vidi, vici ('I came, saw, and won')." [Based on: Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 87]�

45 B.C. - Julius Caesar / Rome - "In September, 45 B.C., Julius Caesar returned to Rome as absolute master." [Based on: Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 87]�

45 B.C. - Julian Calendar - "The 365 day Julian calendar [of Julius Caesar] is introduced."

44 B.C. - Fatality / Julius Caesar �- "On March 15 (the 'ides of March), 44 B.C., Caesar was murdered by a group of conspirators led by Marcus Junius Brutus (85-42 B.C.) and Gaius Cassius Longinus (d. 42 B.C.)." [Based on: Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 87]�

*Trivia: "After the murder of Caesar there was an end to the abundance of money. The money supply was reduced by 90 percent. Taxes rose sky-high. As a result most people lost their land and their homes. The slander of Caesar goes on even today." [Juri Lina, The Barnes Review, p. 8, Sept./Oct. 2004]

37 B.C. - King Herod / Judah - "Herod was born into a prominent military family of Idumaeans, converts to Judaism who were distrusted by native Jews. Herod, whose father was granted Roman citizenship by Julius Caesar, was determined to assimilate the Jews into Greco-Roman culture. He dedicated the new cities of Caesarea and Sebaste [the Roman name for Samaria] to Augustus and built temples for the worship of the emperor. The king also initiated public games and placed Greek words on his coinage. Deeply religious Jews despised the nudity required at the games and considered the use of Greek language blasphemous. Their views contributed to Herod's unpopularity. Although Herod's use of Greek culture made him hated in the region of Judea, he was popular with the Jewish population outside Judea, known as the Diaspora, on whom he lavished money as a benefactor. Herod, fearing mutiny and conspiracy, did not trust his own people and enrolled in his army only Greeks and Diaspora Jews. After the death of Herod, his kingdom was divided among his sons, who ruled as tetrarchs [leadership by four rulers], although Judea soon became a small Roman province under the administration of Pontius Pilate, a military governor, or procurator, chosen by the Romans. Dissent, so long repressed by Herod's cruelty, burst forth, and the people in Palestine began to agitate for religious and political freedom. Messianic prophecy, the religious belief in the coming of a savior, was accompanied by bitter fighting between the political factions and religious sects among the Jewish people."

31 B.C. - Judaean Earthquake - "Jewish chronicles describe a violent Judaean earthquake in 31 B.C."

31 B.C. - Egyptian Victory / Octavian - "Caesar's nephew, Octavian, defeats Mark Antony and Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium [31 B.C.].

30 B.C. - Fatalities / Cleopatra & Mark Antony - "Mark Antony and Cleopatra commit suicide."

27 B.C. - Augustus Caesar / Roman Empire - "Octavian named Augustus Caesar. The Roman Republic came to an end and the Roman Empire came into being, with Augustus as the first emperor."

27 B.C. - Pantheon Built �- "Traditional date when the Pantheon was built for the first time under Agrippa."

20 B.C. - Building / Jewish Temple - Herod the Great began to rebuild Solomon's Temple in 20 B.C."

9 B.C. - Lebbaeus Thaddaeus - "Lebbaeus Thaddaeus is described as a 'son of Alphaeus' and is also called Judas [Theudas] in two of the Gospels. He was an influential leader of the community and yet another Zealot commander. For more than fifty years, from 9 BC, Thaddaeus was head of the Therapeutate, an ascetic order that had evolved during the Egyptian occupation of Qumran. Thaddaeus was a confederate of Jesus's father Joseph, and took part in the people's uprising against Pontius Pilate in AD 32." [Laurence Gardner, Bloodline Of The Holy Grail]

7 B.C. - Birth / Jesus - "We now know, from both historical and astronomical observations, that Jesus 'of Nazareth' was actually born in 7 B.C. The usual explanation for this discrepancy is that a major miscalculation crept into the record-keeping during the early Christian era."

7 B.C. - Jesus - "Prior to Jesus' birth, the High Zadok [the Michael] was Zacharias. His wife was Mary's cousin Elizabeth, and his deputy, the Abithar [the Gabriel], was Simeon the Essene. It was he who gave the formal consent for Mary's confinement, even though she and Joseph had disobeyed the rules of dynastic wedlock. The rules of dynastic wedlock were infringed, since Mary gave birth to Jesus at the wrong time of year [Sunday, March, 7 BC]. One of Jesus' foremost problems was that he had been born into an environment of controversy over whether or not he was legitimate. It was for that very reason that Mary and Joseph took him to Simeon the Gabriel for legitimizing under the law [Luke 2:25-35]. Despite this endeavor by his parents, Jesus evoked a mixed response and the Jews were polarised in two opposing camps on the subject of his lawful status in the kingly line. He had been conceived at the wrong time of year and had been born before Joseph and Mary's wedlock was formalized by their Second Marriage. Six years later his brother James was born within all the rules of dynastic wedlock and there was no disputing his legitimacy. Hence, the opposing factions each had a prospective Messiah to support." [Bloodline Of The Holy Grail, Laurence Gardner]

*Trivia: "Hebrews 7:14 totally dismisses the Gospel-interpreted notion of the Virgin Birth in order to confirm that Jesus's real father was Joseph. It states: 'it is evident that our Lord sprang out of Judah, of which tribe Moses spake nothing concerning priesthood'. It is also explained that the Law concerning priesthood was changed to accomodate Jesus's new archangelic distinction [Hebrews 7:12]." [Bloodline Of The Holy Grail, Laurence Gardner, p. 129]

6 B.C. - Configuration - Uranus-Pluto [Pisces/Virgo] opposition [6 B.C. - 1 A.D.]." �

4 B.C. - Lunar Eclipse - "March 23rd"
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« Reply #85 on: August 28, 2009, 05:34:48 pm »

4 B.C. - Fatility / King Herod - "Traditional date when King Herod of Judah died."

1 B.C. - Pax Romana - "The Roman Empire was at relative peace and had been for 30 years. This was the Pax Romana [Roman Peace] in which, for a while, the Mediterranean world was free of the endless torments of cities and nations fighting each other endlessly."

1 B.C. - James - "Reported date when James, the brother of Jesus, the second son of Mary and Joseph,�was born."

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