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Dark Ages Timeline

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Christa Jenneman
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« on: August 02, 2009, 05:19:06 am »

Dark Ages Timeline

402
x - Stilicho recalls one of the two British legions to assist with the defense of Italy against Alaric and the Visigoths

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. The barbarians were defeated, this time, at battle of Pollentia.
apr 06 - Battle at Pollentia: Roman army under Stilicho beats Visigoten.
 403
x - Christianity

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Victricius, Bishop of Rouen, visits Britain

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for the purpose of bringing peace to the island's clergy, who are in the midst of a dispute, possibly over the Pelagian heresy.
 404
jan 01 - Telemachus, Roman monk, murdered.
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jan 01 - Last gladiator competition in Rome.
oct 06 - Eudoxia Aelia, empress of Austria, dies.
 405
x - The British troops, which had been recalled to assist Stilicho in 402, were never returned to Britain. They had to stay in Italy to fight a deeper penetration by the barbarian chieftain, Radagaisus.
 406
jan 00 - A combined barbarian force of Suevi, Alans, Vandals, and Burgundians swept into central Gaul, severing contact between Rome


.
aug 23 - Battle at Florence: Stilicho's Roman army beats Radagaisus' Barbarians.
fal 23 - The remaining Roman army in Britain mutinies. Marcus was proclaimed emperor in Britain, but was immediately assassinated.
dec 31 - 80,000 Vandels attack the Rhine at Mainz.
dec 31 - Godagisel, king of the Vandals, dies in battle.
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Christa Jenneman
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« Reply #1 on: August 02, 2009, 05:19:52 am »

407
x - Britain

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Gratian was elevated "to the purple," but lasted only four months. Constantine III is hailed as the new emperor by Roman garrison in Britian. He proceeded to follow the example of Magnus Maximus 383 by withdrawing the remaining Roman legion, the Second Augusta, and crossing over into Gaul to rally support for his cause. Constantine's departure could be what Nennius called "the end of the Roman Empire in Britain. . ."
sep 14 - Johannes Chrysostomus, patriarch, dies.
 408
x - With both Roman legions withdrawn, Britain endure devastating attacks by the Picts, Scots and Saxons.
aug 22 - Flavius Stilicho, West Roman field leader 395-408, dies at 48.
 409
x - Under enormous pressure, Britons take matters into their own hands, expelling weak Roman officials and fighting for themselves.
 410
x - Visigoths

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under Alaric destroy Rome.
aug 18 - King Alarik I's Visigoten occupies & plunders Rome.
aug 24 - Rome overrun by Visigoths, symbolized fall of Western Roman Empire.
 412
feb 08 - St Proclus, patriarch of Constantinople, is born.
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Christa Jenneman
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« Reply #2 on: August 02, 2009, 05:20:10 am »

413
x - Pelagian heresy said to have begun, by Prosper Tiro of Aquitaine in his "Chronicle."
oct 10 - Nicias, Athens politician (Peace of Nicias), killed at about 57.
 414
jan 01 - King Ataulf of Narbonne marries emperor Honorius sister Galle Placidia.
 417
mar 11 - Zosimus becomes bishop of Rome.
mar 12 - Innocent I, Italian Pope r.401-417, dies. re.List of Popes
mar 18 - St Zosimus begins his reign as Catholic Pope

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.
 418
x - Pelagian heresy outlawed in Rome
x - Christianity

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Jerom finishes the Vulgate

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. For the next Millennia the primary approved bible.
mar 10 - Jews are excluded from public office in the Roman Empire.
dec 26 - St Zosimus ends his reign as Catholic Pope

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.
dec 27 - Etalius begins his reign as Catholic Pope. re.List of Popes

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dec 27 - Zosimus, Greek Pope r.417-418 dies. List of Popes
dec 28 - St Boniface I begins his reign as Catholic Pope. re.List of Popes
 419
apr 03 - Etalius ends his reign as Catholic Pope

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. re.List of Popes

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jul 02 - Valentinian III, Roman emperor r.425-455, is born.
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Christa Jenneman
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« Reply #3 on: August 02, 2009, 05:24:14 am »

420
c - Britain

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According to Prosper, Britain is ruled by petty "tyrants." u.430
x - Britain Pelagian heresy enjoys much support from "pro-Celtic" faction. Traditionalists "pro-Romans" support Roman church.
 421
feb 08 - Flavius Constantine becomes emperor Constantine III of West Roman emp.
mar 25 - Friday at 12 PM - city of Venice founded.
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jun 07 - Eudocia A Athenais marries Oostromeins emperor Theodosius II.
sep 02 - Flavius Constantine III, emperor of Westromeinse, dies at about 51.
 422
sep 04 - St Boniface I dies ending his reign as Catholic Pope

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. re.List of Popes

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sep 04 - Boniface I, Italian Bishop of Rome, dies. re.List of Popes
sep 10 - St Celestine I begins his reign as Catholic Pope. re.List of Popes
 423
aug 15 - Flavius Honorius, emperor East Roman Republic r.395-423, dies.
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Christa Jenneman
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« Reply #4 on: August 02, 2009, 05:24:56 am »

429
x - At the request of Palladius, a British deacon, Pope Celestine I dispatches bishops Germanus of Auxerre and Lupus of Troyes to Britain to combat Pelagian heresy.
x - Britain

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Bishop Germanus, a former military man, leads Britons to "Hallelujah" victory in Wales.
jan 16 - Honoratius of Arles, bishop/saint, dies [or 430].
 430
aug 28 - Aurelius Augustinus, church elder/thinker (Belijdenissen), dies at 75.
 431
x - Christianity

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The Schism over the teachings of Nestorius: The Church in the East and West are hereafter separated.
jun 22 - Council of Ephesus 3rd Ecumenical council

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opens.
 432
mar 17 - St Patrick, a bishop, is carried off to Ireland as a slave.
jul 27 - St Celestine I dies ending his reign as Catholic Pope

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.r.422-432 List of Popes

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jul 31 - St Sixtus III begins his reign as Catholic Pope. re.List of Popes
 438
c - Birth of Ambrosius Aurelianus, scion of the leading Romano-British family in Britain

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.
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Christa Jenneman
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« Reply #5 on: August 02, 2009, 05:25:12 am »

439
oct 29 - Vandalen under Genseric occupy Carthago.
dec 31 - Melania the Younger a.c.56, Roman monastery founder and saint, dies.
 440
c - Britain

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Period of civil war and famine. Vacated towns and cities are in ruins and there is a migration of pro-Roman citizens toward west while the country beginning to be divided, geographically, along factional lines. u.c.450 Caused by ruling council's weakness and inability to deal with Pictish invasions. The situation aggravated by tensions between Pelagian/Roman factions.
aug 19 - Sixtus III, Italian Pope

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r.432-440, dies. re.List of Popes

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sep 29 - Pope Leo I the Great, installed. re.List of Popes
 441
c - Gallic Chronicle records, prematurely, that "Britain, abandoned by the Romans, passed into the power of the Saxons."
 444
jun 27 - Cyrillus van Alexandria, patriarch of Alexandria, dies.
 445
c - Britain

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Vortigern comes to power.
 446
c - Britain

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Vortigern authorizes the use of Saxon mercenaries, known as foederati, for the defense of the northern parts against barbarian attack. To guard against further Irish incursions, Cunedda and his sons are moved from Manau Gododdin in northern Britain to northwest Wales.
x - Britons (probably the pro-Roman party) appeal to Aetius, Roman governor of Gaul, for military assistance in their struggle against the Picts and the Irish (Scots). No help could be sent, at this time, as Aetius had his hands full with Attila the Hun.
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Christa Jenneman
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« Reply #6 on: August 02, 2009, 05:25:24 am »

447
c - Britain

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Britons, aroused to heroic effort, "inflicted a massacre" on their enemies, the Picts and Irish, and were left in peace, for a brief time.
x - Second visit of St. Germanus, accompanied by Severus, Bishop of Trier, to Britain.
 448
c - Death of St. Germanus in Ravenna. Civil war and plague ravage Britain.
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Christa Jenneman
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« Reply #7 on: August 02, 2009, 05:26:00 am »

450 To 499
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«1-500 ce Home |§| 500-999 Home»
 450
c - In the first year of Marcian and Valentinian, Hengest arrives on shores of Britain

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with "3 keels" of warriors, and are welcomed by Vortigern. This event is known in Latin as the "adventus Saxonum," the coming of the Saxons.
x - China

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Ink on seals is stamped on paper. This is true printing.
jul 28 - Theodosius II de Jongere, emperor Austrian Empire, dies.
nov 27 - Galla Placidia, daughter of Byzant emperor Constantius III, dies at 58.
dec 03 - Petrus Chrysologus, 1st archbishop of Ravenna, dies.
 451
apr 07 - Attila's Hun's plunder Metz.
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jun 20 - Germans and Romans beat Atiila the Hun at Catalarinische Fields.
jun 24 - 10th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet

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.
sep 20 - General Aetius defeats Attila the Hun at Chalons-sur-Marne.
oct 08 - Council of Chalcedon 4th Ecumenical council

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opens.
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Christa Jenneman
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« Reply #8 on: August 02, 2009, 05:27:06 am »

452
c - Britain

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Increasing Saxon settlement in Britain. Hengest invites his son, Octha, from Germany with "16 keels" of warriors, who occupy the northern lands, to defend against the Picts. Picts never heard from again.
jun 08 - Italy invaded by Attila the Hun.
 453
c - Increasing Saxon unrest. Raids on British towns and cities becoming more frequent.
 454
sep 04 - Dioscorus van Alexandria, patriarch council of Efeze, dies.
 455
mar 17 - Roman senator Petronius Maximus becomes Emperor.
may 31 - Petronius Maximus, senator/Emperor of Rome, lynched.
jun 02 - A D Gaiseric and the Vandals sacked Rome.
 457
c - Battle of Aylesford (Kent) in which Ambrosius, along with sons of Vortigern, Vortimer and Cateyrn, defeat Hengest for the first time.
c - Death of Vortigern. Vitalinus (Guitolinus) new leader of pro-Celtic Pelagian faction.
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Christa Jenneman
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« Reply #9 on: August 02, 2009, 05:27:30 am »

458
c - Saxon uprising in full-swing. Hengest finally conquers Kent, in southeastern Britain.
c - Full-scale migration of British aristocrats and city-dwellers across the English Channel to Brittany, in northwestern Gaul. British contingent led by Riothamus (perhaps a title, not a name), thought by some to be the original figure behind the legends of Author

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. u.c.460
 460
x - Ambrosius Aurelianus takes full control of pro-Roman faction and British resistance effort; leads Britons in years of back-and-forth fighting with Saxons.British strategy seems to have been to allow Saxon landings and to then contain them, there.u.c.470
oct 20 - Eudocia Aelia Athenais, empress Oostromeinse Rich/poetess, dies.
 461
mar 17 - Myth St Patrick, patron St of Ireland, dies in Saul.
nov 10 - Leo I the Great, Italian Pope r.440-461 dies.
nov 19 - St Hilary begins his reign as Catholic Pope

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.
 463
jul 16 - Start of Lunar Cycle of Hilarius.
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Christa Jenneman
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« Reply #10 on: August 02, 2009, 05:27:43 am »

 465
c - King Arthur

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probrably born around this time.
 466
c - Period of minimal Saxon activity.Refortification of ancient hillforts and construction of the Wansdyke possibly takes place during this time.u.c.473
c - Battle of Wippedesfleot, in which Saxons defeat Britons, but with great slaughter on both sides. Mutual "disgust and sorrow" results in a respite from fighting "for a long time."
 468
feb 29 - St Hilary, Catholic Pope

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r.461-468, calendar reformer dies.
mar 03 - St Simplicius elected to succeed Catholic Pope Hilarius.
dec 18 - Huna Mari bar Mar Zutra, rabbi, executed in Pumpedita.
 469
c - Roman emperor, Anthemius, appeals to Britons for military help against the Visigoths

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.Reliable accounts by Sidonius Apolonaris and Jordanes name the leader of the 12,000 man British force, Riothamus. The bulk of the British force was wiped out in battle against Euric, the Visigothic king, and the survivors, including Riothamus, vanished and were never heard from again.
 470
c - Battle of Wallop (Hampshire) where Ambrosius defeats Vitalinus, head of the opposing faction. Ambrosius assumes High-kingship of Britain.
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« Reply #11 on: August 02, 2009, 05:27:59 am »

472
aug 18 - Flavius Ricimer, general of the Western Roman Empire, kingmaker, is born.
aug 19 - Ricimer, Barbaars general, dies.
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oct 02 - Olybrius, emperor of Westromeinse republic 472 dies.
 473
x - Britain

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Men of Kent, under Hengest, move westward, driving Britons back before them "as one flees fire."
 474
feb 03 - Leo I, Byzantine Emperor r.457-474, dies.
nov 17 - Leo II, Byzantine Emperor 474 dies.
 476
x - Western Rome

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dies.
aug 23 - Odoacer elected King of Byzantine.
aug 28 - West Roman Empire formally disbands/emperor Romulus August ousted.
aug 28 - German ruler Odoacer captures Pavia.
sep 04 - Romulus Augustulus, last Roman emperor in west, is deposed.
 477
x - Britain

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Saxon chieftain, Aelle, lands on Sussex coast with his sons. Britons engage him upon landing but his superior force drives them into the forest (Weald).Over next nine years, Saxon coastal holdings are gradually expanded in Sussex.
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« Reply #12 on: August 02, 2009, 05:28:13 am »

480
c - Vita Germani, the Life of St. Germanus, written by a continental biographer, Constantius.
 482
jan 08 - Severinus, German monastery founder/saint, dies.
 483
mar 10 - Simplicius, Italian Pope r.468-483, dies.
mar 13 - St Felix III begins his reign as Catholic Pope

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.
 485
c - Britain

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Myth Period of Author's

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"twelve battles" during which he gains reputation for invincibility. u.c.496
apr 17 - Proclus, Greek mathematician, dies in Athens.
 486
x - Britain

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Aelle and his sons overreach their normal territory and are engaged by Britons at battle of Mercredesburne. Battle is bloody, but indecisive, and ends with both sides pledging friendship.
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Christa Jenneman
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« Reply #13 on: August 02, 2009, 05:28:29 am »

489
c - China

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Large Buddhist

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temples built. Buddhists also use cave temples
 490
c - Hengest dies. His son, Aesc, takes over and rules for 34 years.
oct 29 - Petrus Mongus, patriarch of Alexandria, dies.
 492
mar 01 - St Felix III ends his reign as Catholic Pope

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.
mar 01 - St Gelasius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope.
mar 01 - St Gelasius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope.
mar 01 - St Felix III ends his reign as Catholic Pope.
 493
mar 03 - Ostrogoten King Theodorik the Great beats Odoaker.
mar 15 - Theodorik the Great beats Odoaker of Italy.
mar 15 - Odiaker, German army leader/King of Italy r.476-493, dies.
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Christa Jenneman
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« Reply #14 on: August 02, 2009, 05:28:42 am »

496
c - Britain

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Cerdic and Cynric, his son, land somewhere on the south coast, probably near the Hampshire-Dorset border.
c - Britain Britons, under overall command of Ambrosius and battlefield command of the "war leader" Author

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, defeat Saxons at the Siege of Mount Badon.
x - Britain Following the victory at Mt. Badon, the Saxon advance is halted with the invaders returning to their own enclaves.A generation of peace. Corrupt leadership, more civil turmoil, public forgetfulness and individual apathy further erode Romano-British culture over next fifty years, making Britain ripe for final Saxon "picking." u.c.550
x - Clovis Adopts Roman Christianity
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nov 21 - St Gelasius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope

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.
nov 24 - Anastasius II succeeds Gelasius I as Catholic Pope. re.List of Popes

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 498
nov 19 - Anastasius II, Pope, dies.Mentioned in Dante's

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Inferno XI, 8-9
nov 22 - St Symmachus begins his reign as Pope replacing Anastasius II.
dec 25 - French king Clovis baptises himself.
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