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The Barddas of Iolo Morganwg Vol. I

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Author Topic: The Barddas of Iolo Morganwg Vol. I  (Read 2867 times)
Majir
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« Reply #210 on: October 23, 2009, 01:15:29 pm »

THE PRIMARY LETTERS.--IMPROVEMENT OF THE ALPHABET.
Before the faith in Christ was obtained, no other than twelve letters were used, namely, a, e, i, o, b, d, g, l, m, n, r, s. After the coming of the faith, sixteen were put in use, then the art of the twelve letters was lost, nor is there at present any one that knows it, except from conjecture. After the coining of Taliesin eighteen letters were used; and it was according to the art of the system of eighteen that O I U was appointed for the Name of God. Before that arrangement it was O I O according to the sixteen. After the time of Taliesin the use of twenty letters was obtained, 3 which continued until the time of Geraint the


p. 68 p. 69

[paragraph continues] Blue Bard, who made an arrangement of twenty-four letters. After that, from reasoning to reasoning, the Bards improving the Alphabet, increased the number to thirty-eight on wood; but in black and white 1 no other than twenty-four were used.



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Footnotes
67:3 p. 67


Iaith ugain ogyrfen y sydd yn Awen.

The language of twenty letters is in Awen--Taliesin.



69:1 p. 68 I.e. in writing.



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Majir
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« Reply #211 on: October 23, 2009, 01:15:47 pm »

GOGYRVENS.--WRITING WITH INK.
Before the time of Belief and Baptism a letter was called gogyrven (from corf 2); and its right name is still gogyrven on the Coelbren--others call it cyrven. The old men--the primitive teachers--inserted in vocal song the number of the rays of every cyrven, and thus kept the memory and knowledge of them.

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Majir
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« Reply #212 on: October 23, 2009, 01:15:56 pm »

After plagawd had been obtained, that is, the dressed skins of animals, writing with black, or ink, came into use; and thence was introduced the practice of writing with ink on the Coelbren and its staves, instead of cutting cyrvens, which is still seen in places that are not visited, and are not much known. And thus were memorials and computation kept on wood and boards, and on stones, where it was possible to get them.

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« Reply #213 on: October 23, 2009, 01:16:22 pm »

GOGYRVENS.
The three primary gogyrvens are .

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Majir
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« Reply #214 on: October 23, 2009, 01:16:32 pm »

GOGYRVENS.
There were sixteen gogyrvens before the faith in Christ; after that eighteen, then twenty.

GOGYRVENS.
Talhaiarn appointed twenty gogyrvens.



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Majir
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« Reply #215 on: October 23, 2009, 01:16:45 pm »

Footnotes
69:2 A body.



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« Reply #216 on: October 23, 2009, 01:17:21 pm »

THE THREE FIRST WORDS OF THE CYMRAEG.
  Bardism.

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Majir
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« Reply #217 on: October 23, 2009, 01:17:31 pm »

p. 70 p. 71

The three first words of the Cymraeg: the Name of God, that is O I U; the name of the Sun, perception, and sensation, that, is SULW; and Bo, others say, BYW.

The Name of God is a substantive verb; the sun is a substantive noun; and sulw is a substantive adjective--which was clear before the perfect Cymraeg was lost.



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« Reply #218 on: October 23, 2009, 01:18:04 pm »

THE PRIMARY LETTERS.--NAMES OF THE COELBRENS.
Here are the primaries,--

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« Reply #219 on: October 23, 2009, 01:18:34 pm »

which were fifteen. After that was made, and therewith
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« Reply #220 on: October 23, 2009, 01:18:49 pm »

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« Reply #221 on: October 23, 2009, 01:19:29 pm »

After that and , and then the letters were eighteen, thus,
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« Reply #222 on: October 23, 2009, 01:19:54 pm »

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« Reply #223 on: October 23, 2009, 01:20:21 pm »

being eighteen. After that, twenty; thus,--

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« Reply #224 on: October 23, 2009, 01:20:32 pm »

being twenty.

And thus the Coelbren continued until the time when the Latin was lost in the country, so that only book students and scholars knew it. Then, with the view of shortening the work on wood, and of softening the Cymraeg, secondary letters were invented, such as are now in the Coelbren of the Bards.

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