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The Barddas of Iolo Morganwg Vol. I

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Author Topic: The Barddas of Iolo Morganwg Vol. I  (Read 2867 times)
Majir
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« Reply #195 on: October 22, 2009, 01:32:19 pm »

disagreement respecting several old words, that is, the putting of two letters, where only one was required, as caan, braan, glaan, instead of cân, brân, and glân, and digerth instead of dierth, and phlegid instead of phlaid, with many others; also putting t for dd, and i instead of e, and instead of y, and u instead of e. It is not necessary to show the whole, but this much is given in memory of him who made the amendment, namely, Talhaiarn

p. 62 p. 63

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Majir
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« Reply #196 on: October 22, 2009, 01:32:28 pm »

the Bard, 1 of Caerleon-upon-Usk, under the protection of the Round Table. After him Taliesin, Chief of Bards, arranged the Cymraeg, from a right understanding of the meaning and merit of the ten primary letters, and their modes, and changes, and proper inflections; and from this the ancient Cymraeg was restored and recovered.

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« Reply #197 on: October 22, 2009, 01:32:37 pm »

Footnotes
63:1 p. 62 Talhaiarn presided in the chair of Urien Rheged, which was established at Caer Gwyroswydd, or Ystum Llwynarth. He composed a prayer, which has always been the formula used in the Gorsedd Morganwg, or Bardic Sessions of Glamorgan. He was also domestic chaplain to Emrys Wledig, or Ambrosius Aurelianus. Taliesin in his Poems alludes to Talhaiarn,--

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Majir
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« Reply #198 on: October 22, 2009, 01:32:48 pm »

Trwy ieith Talhayarn
Bedydd bu ddydd farn.
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Majir
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« Reply #199 on: October 22, 2009, 01:33:04 pm »

According to the language of Talhaiarn,
There will be baptism at the day of judgment.
                                Angar Cyvyndawd.

http://sacred-texts.com/neu/celt/bim1/bim1030.htm
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Majir
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« Reply #200 on: October 23, 2009, 01:12:42 pm »

THE PRIMARY LETTERS.--THEIR AUGMENTATION.--RESTORATION OF THE COELBREN.
This is what I, Llywelyn Sion, 2 took from the Book of Davydd Benwyn, 3 which is called the Coelbren of the Bards.

Here is the system of the symbols of letters, or the symbols of language and speech, as it was arranged by Gwilym Tew, 4 Bard and Chair Teacher, and exhibited at the Eisteddvod of the Chair and Gorsedd of Pen Rhys Monastery, 5 when Owain Glyndwr and the Cymry were prevailing against the Saxons. 6

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« Reply #201 on: October 23, 2009, 01:12:59 pm »

There were ten symbols of letters in the possession of the Cymry from the beginning, before they came into the Isle of Britain, which ten are now kept an undivulged secret by the Bards of the Isle of Britain, and therefore no man can radically understand the Coelbren of letters, who is not under the obligation of the vow of the secret of the Bards of the Isle of Britain. In the time of Dyvnwal Moelmud, son of Dyvnvarth, son of Prydain, son of Aedd the Great, the symbolic cuttings of language and speech were augmented






p. 64 p. 65

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« Reply #202 on: October 23, 2009, 01:13:12 pm »

to sixteen in number, and they were mutually divulged, and to each was given a new form, other than what the ten symbolic points that are secret and undivulged have. In the time when Bell the Great, son of Manog, 1 was king paramount of the Isle of Britain, the sixteen symbols were laid open to the nation of the Cymry, and security was given that there should be no king, judge, or teacher of country, without knowing the sixteen signs, and being able to reduce them into proper art. It was ages after that, before understanding respecting the symbols of Plagawd, that is, dressed skins, was obtained, and when that took place, the Roll was invented, and after that, the Books that are now
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« Reply #203 on: October 23, 2009, 01:13:26 pm »

seen in use. The number of the symbols was augmented until they were found to be eighteen in the time of Taliesin, chief of Bards, who employed them in his canons, hence the improvement of vocal song. After that the number of the symbols was raised to twenty, that is, the primaries, as at present. After that Geraint, the Blue Bard, began to use auxiliary symbols, which he invented, and which others, after him, improved, and the Bards kept memorials of them. When Owain Glyndwr was lost, plagawd and paper were prohibited in Cymru; and the Bards and Teachers,
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« Reply #204 on: October 23, 2009, 01:13:37 pm »

and all others who were required to keep memorials, were obliged to restore into sight and use the symbols of the Coelbren of the Bards, until the making them ready for the cutting became an art. Then they became infinitely numerous by the hands of sieve and basket makers, who sold them to any one that sought for them, and so they continued down to the days of those who are now living. It is Davydd Benwyn that says it.



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« Reply #205 on: October 23, 2009, 01:13:44 pm »

Footnotes
63:2 p. 62 Llywelyn Sion was an eminent bard of Glamorgan, distinguished for having been appointed to collect the System of Bardism as traditionally preserved in the Gorsedd Morganwg, in which he presided in 1580. A great portion of the present Volume is due to his care and assiduity.

63:3 p. 63 Davydd Benwyn was a Bard who flourished from 1550 to 1600, being a native of Glamorganshire. He presided at the Glamorgan Gorsedd in 1580.

63:4 A Gwilym Tew presided at the Glamorgan Gorsedd in 1460.

63:5 The Monastery of Pen Rhys was suppressed in the second year of King Henry V.'s reign, AD. 1415, because its inmates had sided with Owain Glyndwr.

63:6 The insurrection of Owain Glyndwr began about 1400, and continued with varied success for fifteen years, when he died, i. e. September 20th, 1415.

65:1 p. 64 I.e. Manogan.



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« Reply #206 on: October 23, 2009, 01:14:01 pm »

THE BARDIC SECRET.
O I W are the three letters, and in very old books O I U, because U was used instead of W, in the olden times. It is the secret word of the primitive Bards, which it is not lawful to speak or utter audibly to any man in the

p. 66 p. 67

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« Reply #207 on: October 23, 2009, 01:14:13 pm »

world, except to a Bard who is under the vow of an oath. The letters may be shown to any one in the world we like, without uttering the vocalization, which, under the protection of secrecy, is due to them, though he be not under an oath; but should he utter them in speech audibly, he violates his protection, and he cannot be a Bard, nor will it be lawful to shew him any more of the secret, either in this world that perishes, or in the other world that will not perish for ever and ever. 1 Sion Bradford. 2

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« Reply #208 on: October 23, 2009, 01:14:33 pm »

Footnotes
67:1 p. 66 The non reception of a perjured Bard in the world of bliss is likewise dwelt upon by Sion Cent;--


Nid addwyn i ddyn didduw
A dwng gan afrinaw Duw
Ei fyned i deg faenol
Draw ín y nef heb ei droi ín ol.

It is not meet for a godless man,
Who will swear, divulging God,
To go into the fair manor,
Yonder in heaven, without being turned back.



67:2 p. 67 Sion Bradford was admitted a disciple of the bardic chair of Glamorgan in 1730, being then a boy. He presided in the same chair in 1760, and died in 1780.



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« Reply #209 on: October 23, 2009, 01:15:11 pm »

THE SACRED SYMBOL.
. That is to say, they are called the three columns, and the three columns of truth, because there can be no knowledge of the truth, but from the light thrown upon it; and the three columns of sciences, because there can be no sciences, but from the light and truth.



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