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The Barddas of Iolo Morganwg Vol. I

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Author Topic: The Barddas of Iolo Morganwg Vol. I  (Read 2866 times)
Majir
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« Reply #150 on: October 22, 2009, 01:22:24 pm »

43:1 p. 42 "The three primary Bards of the Isle of Britain: Plennydd, Alawn, and Gwron; that is to say, they were the persons who devised the privileges and p. 43 usages of Bards and Bardism. Therefore are they called the three primaries. * * * Some say that they lived in the time of Prydain son of Aedd the Great; but others say that they lived in the time of Dyvnwal Moelmud, his son, who in some old Books is called Dyvnvarth ab Prydain." Id.
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Majir
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« Reply #151 on: October 22, 2009, 01:22:35 pm »

45:1 p. 44 Stone of credibility. The poets frequently allude to the coelvain, thus,--

CYNDDELW.


Mwyn Ofydd i Feirdd ei faith goelfain.

A kind Ovate to Bards was his large stone of credibility.
                                       To Owain Cyveiliog.


GRUFFYDD AB DAVYDD AB TUDUR, 1290-1340
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Majir
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« Reply #152 on: October 22, 2009, 01:22:44 pm »

Colofn Prestatun coelfeiniau Awrtun.

The pillar of Prestatyn, the belief stones of Overton.


p. 45

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Majir
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« Reply #153 on: October 22, 2009, 01:22:52 pm »

GRUFFYDD AB MEREDYDD AB DAVYDD, 1310-1360.


Mair ai choelvain:

Cor Ior aur drefnad
Cyw aint wneuthuriad
Mawr uchelfab rhad

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Majir
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« Reply #154 on: October 22, 2009, 01:23:00 pm »

Of Mary, and her stone of credibility:

The Choir of the Lord, of golden order,
And of skilful workmanship,
The great, high and gracious Son


SION TUDOR.

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Majir
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« Reply #155 on: October 22, 2009, 01:23:09 pm »

Wrth ddarllain coelfain celfydd
Gair naw gloes ar gronigl wydd.

In reading an ingenious stone of credibility,
Or the nine tropes on a wooden chronicle.



47:1 p. 46 Al. "Name."



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Majir
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« Reply #156 on: October 22, 2009, 01:23:40 pm »

THE PRINCIPAL ELEMENTS OF VARIOUS THINGS.--THE GOGYRVENS.
The three principal elements 2 of every thing: power; matter; and mode. 3



p. 48 p. 49

The three principal elements of sciences: life; intellect; and affection. 1

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« Reply #157 on: October 22, 2009, 01:23:57 pm »

The three elements of wisdom: object; mode; and benefit.

The three elements of memorials: understanding from affection; distinctive sign; and reverence for the better.

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« Reply #158 on: October 22, 2009, 01:24:24 pm »

The three elements of letters, ; that is to say, from a combination of one or other of the three are letters made. They are three rays of light. And of these are made the sixteen gogyrvens, that is, the sixteen letters. According to a different arrangement there are seven gogyrvens and seven, 2 the seven words and seven score 3 in the Alphabet of the Cymraeg being no other than a sign of worthiness; and it is from them that every other word proceeds. Others say seven score and seven hundred words.





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Majir
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« Reply #159 on: October 22, 2009, 01:25:08 pm »

THE INVENTION OF LETTERS BY EINIGAN AND MENW.--THE SECRET OF BARDISM.
Einigan the Giant beheld three pillars of light, having in them all demonstrable sciences that ever were, or ever will be. And he took three rods of the quicken tree, and placed on them the forms and signs of all sciences, so as to be remembered; and exhibited them. But those who saw them misunderstood, and falsely apprehended them, and taught illusive sciences, regarding the rods as a God, whereas they only bore His Name. When Einigan saw this, he was greatly annoyed, and in the intensity of his grief he broke the three rods, nor were others found that contained accurate sciences. He was so distressed on that account that from the intensity he burst asunder, and with his [parting] breath he prayed God that there should be accurate sciences among men in the flesh, and there should be a correct understanding for the proper discernment thereof. And at the end of a year and a day, after the decease of Einigan, Menw, son

p. 50 p. 51

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« Reply #160 on: October 22, 2009, 01:25:30 pm »

of the Three Shouts, beheld three rods growing out of the mouth of Einigan, which exhibited the sciences of the Ten Letters, and the mode in which all the sciences of language and speech were arranged by them, and in language and speech all distinguishable sciences. He then took the rods, and taught from them the sciences--all, except the Name of God, which he made a secret, lest the Name should be falsely discerned; and hence arose the Secret of the Bardism of the Bards of the Isle of Britain. And God imparted His protection to this secret, and gave Menw a very discreet understanding of sciences under this His protection, which understanding is called Awen from God; and blessed for ever is he who shall obtain it. Amen, so be it.

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« Reply #161 on: October 22, 2009, 01:25:38 pm »

From the mouth of Adam, like blessed trees, three crosses, &c.
Rods of fine growth were obtained, being trees from the mouth of Adam. 1

 



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« Reply #162 on: October 22, 2009, 01:26:08 pm »

CUTTINGS.--FOUNDATIONS OF AWEN.
. It was from the three signs that Einigan the Giant obtained so good an understanding of letters, which he cut on staves. He devised the mode, and made twelve 2 principal letters, if the books of the wise are true, which are called the ten radicals. As to what they are, and what their forms, it is a secret in the mystery of the Bards of the nation of the Cymry,
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« Reply #163 on: October 22, 2009, 01:26:22 pm »

namely, the Gwyddoniaid, who are called the primary Bards. They are three of the primary radicals, that is, the three cuttings; and they are called cuttings, because they are cut out of the dark into three rays; and for the same reason we say, the break of dawn, 3 to cut a field, to cut or break out. The third break out was the voice of a song of triumph, that is, the first voice was a voice of triumph.
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« Reply #164 on: October 22, 2009, 01:26:30 pm »

The three foundations of Awen from God: to understand the truth; to love the truth; and to [maintain] the truth, so that nothing may prevail against it. From these three things may the question be correctly answered--Why wouldest thou be a Bard? And from correctly answering




p. 52 p. 53

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