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BEETLE OF THE GODS

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Author Topic: BEETLE OF THE GODS  (Read 4112 times)
Bianca
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« Reply #15 on: April 26, 2008, 08:48:10 am »



18th Dynasty, 1504--1450 BC

Thutmosis III


Steatite scarab.
Winged kheper (scarab beetle),
iconic of Thutmosis III,
min-kheper-ra.

A beautiful scarab with crisp detail
Large 19 mm (3/4 inch) long.
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« Reply #16 on: April 26, 2008, 08:49:37 am »



New Kingdom
(1539-1070 BC).



Heiroglyphics translate to

"Lord Amen-Re"

with distinct styling
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« Reply #17 on: April 26, 2008, 08:51:00 am »



Upper Egypt. New Kingdom
(1539-1070 BC).

Seated figure of god Amun-Re
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« Reply #18 on: April 26, 2008, 08:52:14 am »



Hyksos period
(1750-1570 BC)

Scarab with intricately-carved scrolls and
two "ankh" heiroglyphics representing life.
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« Reply #19 on: April 26, 2008, 08:54:00 am »



Hyksos period scarab

with 7 deep-groove concentric circles
around a heiroglyphic mouth.
Rich brown patina
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« Reply #20 on: April 26, 2008, 08:55:15 am »



Second Intermediate period,
1750-1570 BC.

Large steatite scarab with slightly
burned surfaces. Deep detail
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« Reply #21 on: April 26, 2008, 08:56:32 am »











                                      Commemorative Scarab of Amenhotep III





New Kingdom,
Dynasty 18
(c. 1390 BC)
 
More than 200 commemorative scarabs are known from the reign of Amenhotep III
(c. 1391-1353 BC).

They are divided into five groups according to the events that they commemorate. This object is an example of a marriage scarab, so called because they bear an inscription announcing Amenhotep III's marriage to Queen Tiy. Sixty-four scarabs of this type are known.

Queen Tiy was the mother of Ahkenaten. Her mummy may have been found - the so called `Elder Woman' found in the tomb of Amenhotep II in 1898, however the identification of this mummy is still a matter for debate.

A lock of her hair was found in a minature coffin the tomb of Tutankhamun. Her parents, mentioned in the text on the scarab, were Yuia and Tjuia. Their tomb was found in the Valley of the Kings in 1905
(KV 46)

Although it had been robbed in ancient times it still contained a number of magnificent objects including a chariot, furniture and some very fine coffins. The mummies of the couple were especially well preserved.
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« Reply #22 on: April 26, 2008, 08:58:21 am »









The Inscription





                                 The inscription is 10 lines long, and consists of:





1-4 The full 5-name titulary of the Pharaoh Amenhotep III.
 
5-7 The name of Queen Tiy and the names of her parents and her title as the king's wife.

8-10 A description of the southern and northern borders of the kingdom, which are at Karoy
       (in Nubia) and Naharin (the land of the Mitanni). 
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« Reply #23 on: April 26, 2008, 08:59:58 am »










                                                  The Titles of Amenhotep III





 +H .-.-S34-G5-E1:D40-m-N28-H6- -G14:V30-I12:V30-s-(mn:n:Y1)-O4:p-Z2:w-s-(W11:r)-V28-

a:N17:N17- -G8-O29:a:F23-V28-A24-S22:(t*G4)-T14-Z3-M23-L2-V30:N17:N17- -<-N5:V30-C10->-

G38-N5-<-i-mn:n:R4-S38-R19->-X8-S34 -H





Transliteration:


+H +l 1) +t Hr anx kA nxt m xai mAat +l The Living Horus Strong Bull Appearing in Truth +l 2) +t nbty smn

hpw sgrH tAwy +l He of the Two Goddesses Establishing Laws, Pacifying the Two Lands +l 3) +t Hr- nbw

aA xpS Hii sttyw +l The Golden Horus Great of Valour, Smiting the Asiatics +l 4) +t nsw-bity nb tAwy nb-

mAat-ra +l King of Upper and Lower Egypt, Lord of the Two Lands, Neb-Ma'at-Re' +l 5) +t sA ra imn-htp

HqA wsr di anx +l Son of Re', Amenhotep Ruler of Thebes, given life -H




                                               

                                                 Amenhotep III
« Last Edit: April 26, 2008, 09:04:40 am by Bianca » Report Spam   Logged

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« Reply #24 on: April 26, 2008, 09:01:52 am »









It continues:



 +H -M23-N41:t-G36:r-t-<-U33-Z4-i-i->-S34-U33-r:n:n-t:f:O34-! -i-i-w-i-A-A42-r:n:n-(G14*t):O34-T-

w-! -i-A-B1-N41:t-B1-p-w-t:n-M23-t:n-n:M3:x-! -t:D40-(t*U30):N37-(Z9*N21):f-M24-(Z4:N21)-r:D28-

Z1-r:Z1-! -i-i-T14-N25-V22:(t*Z4)-N21:Z4-(n:O4)-A-! -r:Z4-n:A-T14-N25 -H





Transliteration:



+H +t Hmt nsw wrt tiy anx-ti rn n iti=s ywiA rn n mwt=s TwiA +t Hmt pw nt +l (written tn by mistake) +t

nsw nxt tSS=f rsy r kry mHty r nhrn -H



The great Royal-wife Tiy, may she live. The name of her father is Yuia, the name of her mother is Tjuia.

She is the wife of the mighty king whose southern boundary is as far as Karoy, whose northern is as far

as Naharin.


http://www.itee.uq.edu.au/~gwat/pers/hiero/mdc2html/scarab_full.txt




                                                       

                                                         The great Royal-wife Tiy
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Bianca
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« Reply #25 on: April 26, 2008, 09:09:02 am »



AmunhotepIII And Queen Tiye-

Marriage Scarab
BrooklynMuseum.png
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« Reply #26 on: April 26, 2008, 09:10:55 am »











Present in the Egyptian Sculpture Gallery
(Room 4 north) since 1834, is the 152.5 cm-
length greenish dolerite scarab beetle.

The Giant Scarab (332-30 BC),
found in Istanbul. 
The British Museum
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« Reply #27 on: April 26, 2008, 09:12:23 am »

                                                  







                                                           Heart scarab





Amulet usually shaped like a scarab, or else with a scarab on the top and a heart, as perceived by the ancient Egyptians, on the reverse - a sort of vase with handles.

From the late New Kingdom, there are also heart amulets shaped only like a heart, and not like a scarab. Some heart scarabs also show the head of the deceased.

The common idea that the heart scarab was designed to replace the heart after its removal at mummification is incorrect. The Egyptians feared that the heart, the seat of memory and conscience, would testify against the deceased at the Divine Tribunal. Placing a heart scarab in the mummy bandages or around the neck of the deceased was designed to prevent this.

They are often inscribed with a spell from the Book of the Dead imploring the heart not to abandon its owner.

Among other things, the heart is called 'heart of my form' (kheperu in Egyptian).

Because the scarab was called kheper in ancient Egyptian, some scholars have interpreted the similar sound as the reason why the amulet usually had the shape of a scarab.

Ancient Egyptian texts clearly state, however, that the notion of rebirth (kheper also means 'to come into being'), linked with the resurrected sun Khepry, played as much of a role as the deceased's wish, dictated by his heart, to be able to transform himself into any form he wants.

According to the Book of the Dead, the amulet had to be made of carnelian, but in practice there are many examples made of faience, steatite, glass and other materials.


http://www.globalegyptianmuseum.org/glossary.aspx?id=176
« Last Edit: April 26, 2008, 09:13:00 am by Bianca » Report Spam   Logged

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« Reply #28 on: April 26, 2008, 09:15:55 am »



SCARAB FROM THE COLLECTION

OF THE BRITISH MUSEUM
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Bianca
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« Reply #29 on: April 26, 2008, 09:17:05 am »



SCARAB FROM THE COLLECTION

OF THE BRITISH MUSEUM
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