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ROMAN FORUM - Heart of Ancient Rome - To Get Makeover - HISTORY

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Author Topic: ROMAN FORUM - Heart of Ancient Rome - To Get Makeover - HISTORY  (Read 2915 times)
Bianca
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« Reply #15 on: January 07, 2009, 09:59:36 am »



TEMPLE OF VENUS
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Bianca
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« Reply #16 on: January 07, 2009, 10:12:23 am »

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Bianca
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« Reply #17 on: January 07, 2009, 10:15:17 am »







                                                    TEMPLE OF VESTA





                                                      
« Last Edit: January 08, 2009, 06:30:09 pm by Bianca » Report Spam   Logged

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Bianca
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« Reply #18 on: January 08, 2009, 06:47:34 pm »




           






Next to the Temple of Vesta stands the Atrium Vestae, “House of the Vestal Virgins”.

These holy virgins administered the only feminine priesthood within the Roman religious system. They took vows of chastity, serving as long as 30 years as the priestesses of Vesta, Roman goddess of family, hearth and home. Any treachery of their vow of chastity would result in death by being buried alive, the fate that befell Rhea
Sylvia, mother of Romulus and Remus.

These female priests were very honored and considerably rich.

Atrium Vestae, home to these sacred women, had a courtyard with three basins, with a 3-story palace comprising of 50 rooms where lived the Vestal Virgins.

Some statues representing the Virgins are still to be seen on the site.

The temple existed until 391 A.D., the year when Theodoric the Great decided to put an end to all pagan cults
in Rome.
« Last Edit: January 08, 2009, 06:51:23 pm by Bianca » Report Spam   Logged

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Bianca
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« Reply #19 on: January 08, 2009, 06:53:29 pm »





             

               ATRIUM VESTAE
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Bianca
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« Reply #20 on: January 08, 2009, 06:55:20 pm »





             

               ATRIUM VESTAE
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Bianca
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« Reply #21 on: January 08, 2009, 10:04:58 pm »





               

                 RECONSTRUCTION OF THE ATRIUM VESTAE IN THE ROMAN FORUM
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« Reply #22 on: January 08, 2009, 10:14:38 pm »





             
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« Reply #23 on: January 08, 2009, 10:17:18 pm »




         
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« Reply #24 on: January 08, 2009, 10:24:41 pm »



             

                V E S T A






Vesta was the Roman goddess of the hearth. 

She was at first only worshipped in Roman homes, as part of the private cult, eventually it evolved into a state cult. 

It is believed that king Numa Pompilius (715-673 BCE) created her worship.  In her temple on the Palatine Hill, the sacred fire of the Roman State burned, which was maintained by the Vestal Virgins. 

At the start of the new Roman year, March 1, the fire was renewed and burned until 394 CE. 

Vesta's temple was situated on the Forum Romanum and was built in the third century BCE.  None of her temples, however, contained her statue, as it was the Eternal Flame that represented her.

Her festival is the Vestalia, which was observed from June 7 - 15. 

On the first day of this festival, the 'penus Vestae', the inner sanctum of her temple which was kept closed the entire year, was opened to women, who came bare-footed to bring her offerings.  The temple was ritually cleansed on the last day. 

The ass was Vesta's sacred animal.
« Last Edit: January 08, 2009, 10:32:07 pm by Bianca » Report Spam   Logged

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