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the SS Jesmond & the Lost Atlantic Island (1882)

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Author Topic: the SS Jesmond & the Lost Atlantic Island (1882)  (Read 2971 times)
Desiree
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« on: November 24, 2008, 10:34:56 pm »


But for a civilisation, there would not only have to be land but lost artefacts discovered on that land, and, again there is some evidence that such artefacts have been found. One such find was made by the crew of the SS Jesmond, a British merchant vessel of 1,495 tons that set off for New Orleans from Messina in Sicily at the end of the nineteenth century. In March 1882 the ship passed through the Straits of Gibraltar into the open sea. Some 200 miles west of Madeira, and a similar distance south of the Azores, the crew observed numerous dead fish and muddied waters. Later the same day smoke was observed, although it was assumed to be from another vessel. The following day, there were even thicker dead deposits of fish and the smoke was more visible, appearing to come from a land mass where charts and maps indicated there should be open waters.

The Captain of the Jesmond, David Robson, (Master’s Certificate No 27911 in the Queen’s Merchant Marine), cast anchor about 12 miles from the newly formed landmass, but far from sinking thousands of fathoms as the maps indicated, the anchor hit the sea floor after only seven fathoms.

Robson subsequently took a landing party ashore the new island to explore. When the ship ended its journey and docked in New Orleans and Robson gave an account of his findings to a reporter from the Times Picayune. He described how they had uncovered crumbling remains of massive walls and recovered artefacts including "bronze swords, rings, mallets, carvings of heads and figures of birds and animals, and two vases or jars with fragments of bone, and one cranium almost entire … [and] what appeared to be a mummy enclosed in a stone case… encrusted with volcanic deposit so as to be scarcely distinguished from the rock itself (6).

Robson advised the reporters who examined his finds that he intended to donate them to the British Museum, however at that point verification of these claims becomes difficult for the log of the SS Jesmond along with the offices of the ship’s owners, ‘Watts, Watts and Company’ was destroyed during the London blitz of September 1940. The British Museum now has no record of any such donation from Robson (7).
 

Despite this lack of corroboration, there is other supporting evidence of Robson’s discoveries. The unfortunately named Captain James Newdick of the steam ship Westbourne was sailing from Marseilles to New York during the same period when it reported sighting a large uncharted island in the area where Robson had landed. Other captains also reported floating fish which were eaten by the sailors, indicating that the fish’s demise was sudden and not the result of some epidemic disaster (Cool.

History has also revealed that just as lands have emerged from the depths in that area, other land now under water was once above sea-level. One such piece of evidence was uncovered during the 1898 laying of a transatlantic cable (below). As during earlier attempts, the cable snapped and the workers were required to pull it to the surface for repairs. This incident occurred some 500 miles to the north of the Azores.

Whilst searching for the cable, the sea floor in the area was found to be composed of rough peaks, pinnacles and deep valleys, more reminiscent of land than the expected sea bottom. Grappling irons brought up rock specimens from a depth of 1700 fathoms. These rocks proved to be tachylyte – vitreous basaltic lava that cools above water under atmospheric pressure (9).

According to Pierre Termier, a French geologist who made a study of the incident, if the lava had solidified under water it would have been crystalline instead of vitreous (10).

Termier further surmised that the lava had been submerged under water soon after cooling, as evidenced by the relative sharpness of the material brought up. Although it cannot be ascertained exactly when this occurred, it was certainly within the last 15,000 years as lava decomposes in that time. Further evidence of more recent underwater activity comes from a discovery in 1923 when technicians from a Western Telegraph ship searching for a lost cable in the Atlantic detected that the rising ocean bed had thrown up the cable by 2.25 miles in only twenty-five years (11).

In 1949, Professor M Ewing of Columbia University was exploring the mid-Atlantic ridge. At a depth of between two and three and a half miles, he discovered pre-historic beach sand. This puzzled Ewing, as sand, being the product of erosion should be non-existent on the seabed. The conclusion reached was that either the land sank, or the ocean level was much lower in a past epoch (12).

There are other interesting finds. In the course of a submarine probe by the Geological Society of America in 1949, about a ton of limestone discs were lifted from the bed of the Atlantic, just south of the Azores Island chain. Their average size was about 6 inches with a thickness of 1.5 inches. The discs had a peculiar cavity in their centre. On the outside they were relatively smooth, but, in the cavities, they were rough. These ‘sea-biscuits’ as they were called, did not appear to be a natural formation and could not be identified. According to the Lamont Geological Observatory (Columbia University) "the state of lithification of the limestone suggests that it may have been lithified under subariel conditions and that the seamount may have been an island within the past 12,000 years." (13).
 

Other claims that the Azores may have been the location of a lost civilisation were supported by alleged sightings in the area of underwater buildings and entire ‘cities’ made from aircraft as far back as 1942. These sightings first started when air ferry pilots flying from Brazil to Dakar glimpsed what appeared to be a submerged city on the western slope of mountains in the mid-Atlantic ridge.

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Desiree
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« Reply #1 on: November 24, 2008, 10:42:41 pm »

March 1882, The S.S. Jesmond


(1>In March 1882, unlike many alleged sightings of Atlantean ruins before that time, it was well reported in a ship's log and also in the press. It concerned an encounter of a steamship with a uncharted island in heavily traveled sea lanes and the unusual material that was found there by the ship's captain and his crew.

The vessel was named the S.S. Jesmond, a British merchant ship of 1495 tons bound for New Orleans with a cargo of dried fruits from its last port of call in Messina, Sicily. The Jesmond was captained by David Robson, holder of master's certificate 27911 in the Queen's Merchant Marine.

The Jesmond passed through the staringhts of Gibraltar on March 1, 1882, and sailed into the open sea. When the ship reached the position 31° 25' N, 28° 40' W, about 200 miles west of Madeira and about the same distance south of the Azores, it was noted that the ocean had become unusually muddy and that the vessel was passing through enourmous shoals of dead fish, as if some sudden disease or underwater explosion had killed them by the millions. Just before the encountering the fish banks, Captain Robson noticed smoke on the horizon which he presumed came from another ship.

On the following day the fish shoals were even thicker and the smoke on the horizon seemed to be comming from the mountains on an island directly to the west, where, according to the charts, there was no land for thousands of miles. As the Jesmond approached the vicinity of the island, Captain Robson threw out an anchor at about twelve miles offshore to find out whether or not this uncharted island was surrounded by reefs. Even though the charts indicated an area depth of several thousand fathoms, the anchor hit bottom at only seven fathoms.

When Robson went ashore with a landing party they found themselves to be on a large island with no vegetation, no trees, no sandy beaches, bare of all life as if it had just risen from the ocean. The shore they landed on was covered with volcanic debris. As there were no trees, the party could clearly see a plateau beginning several miles away and smoking mountains beyond that.

The landing party rather gingerly headed toward the interior in direction of the mountains, but found that progress was interrupted by a series of deep chasms. To get to the interior would have taken days. They returned to their landing point and examined a broken cliff, part of which seemed to have been split into a mass of loose gravel as if it had recently been subjected to great force.

One of the sailors found an unusual arrowhead in the broken rock, a discovery that led the captain to send for picks adn shovels form the ship so that the crew could dig into the gravel. According to what he told a reporter from the Times Picayune in New Orleans, where he later docked, he and his crew uncovered "crumblig remains" of"massive walls." A variety of artifacts uncovered by diging near the walls for better part of two days included "bronze swords, rings, mallets, carvings of head figures of birds and animals, and two vases or jars with fragments of bone, and one cranium almost entire..." and "what appeared to be a mummy enclosed in a stone case... encrusted with volcanic deposit so as to be scarecely distinguished form the rock itself." At the end of the following day, much of which was spent getting the rock sarcophagus aboard the Jesmond, Robson now worried about unceratin weather, decided to abandon his exploration of the island and resume his course.

Several reporters examined Robson's unusual finds and were infomormed by him that he planned to present the artifacts to the British Museum. Unfortunately for Atlantian research, however, the log of the Jesmond was destroyed during the London blitz of September 1940, along with the offices of the Jesmond's owners. There is no record at the British Museum of their having received Robson's collection. Although it is possible that the artifacts are files in the capacious attics and basements common to all museums. Nor was the island ever heard of again, existing only in the sworn testimony of the captain and crew of the Jesmond.

There is, however, some corroboration of the incident:
Captain Robson was not alone in reporting the sighting of the mysterious island. Captain James Newdick of the steam schooner Westbourne, sailing from Marselles to New York during the same period, reported on arrival in New York having sighted the island at 25º 30' N, 24º W. Newdick's report appeared in the New York Post, April 1, 1882. If the coordinates given by both captains were correct, the mystery island would have measured 20 X 30 miles in area. The volcanic activity that brought an island of this size to the surface would have killed, probably through heating the oceanic water, an enormous quantity of fish, just as Captain Robson reported.

The miles of dead fish, fanning out from the area first reported by Robson, were also commented on by a number of other ship captains and appeared in a variety of newspapers including The New York Times. <1)

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Bianca
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« Reply #2 on: May 16, 2009, 08:43:11 am »









                                         The S.S. JESMOND Expedition of 1882






If a great empire once extended over a large, now submerged area, it would be
logical to expect that some vestiges of it would remain on the Atlantic floor and
could be identified by exploring the bottom in a deep-dive submersible. 

On the other hand, it would be even more convincing if parts of the drowned lands could reappear
at sea level, temporarily or pemanently visible in the light of day. 

A very curious example of this possibility occurred in March 1882. 

Unlike many alleged sightings of Atlantean ruins before that time, it was well reported in a ship's log
and also in the press.  It concerned the encounter of a steamship with an uncharted island in heavily traveled sea lanes and the unusual material that was
found there by the ship's captain and his crew.

The vessel was named the S.S. JESMOND, a British merchant ship of 1495 tons,
bound for New Orleans with a cargo of dried fruits from its last port of call in Messina
Sicily.  The Jesmond was captained by David Robson, holder of master's certificate
27911 in the Queens' Merchant Marine. 

The Jesmond passed through the Straits of Gibraltar (the ancient Pillars of Hercules)
on March 1, 1882, and sailed into the open sea.  When the ship reached the posit-
ion 31degree 25'N, 28degree 40'W, about 200 miles west of Madeira and about the
same distance south of the Azores, it was noted that the ocean had become unus-
ually muddy and that the vessel was passing through enormous shoals of dead fish,
as if some sudden disease or underwater explosion had killed them by the
millions. 

Just before evening on the first day of encountering the fish banks, Captain Robson
noticed smoke on the horizon which he presumed came from another ship.
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Bianca
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« Reply #3 on: May 16, 2009, 08:45:11 am »









On the following day, the fish shoals were even thicker and the smoke on the
horizon seemed to be coming from mountains on an island directly to the west,
where, according to the charts, there was no land for thousands of miles.  As
the Jesmon approached the vicinity of the island, Captain Robson threw out an
anchor at about twelve miles offshore to find out whether or not this unchartered
island was surrounded by reefs.  Even though the charts indicated an area depth
of several thousand fathoms, the anchor hit bottom at only seven fathoms.

When Robson went ashore with a landing party, they found themselves to be on
a large island with no vegetation, no trees, no sandy beaches, bare of all life as if
it had just risen from the ocean.  The shore they landed on was covered with
volcanic debris.  As there were no trees, the party could clearly see a plateau be-
ginning several miles away and smoking mountains beyond that.
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Bianca
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« Reply #4 on: May 16, 2009, 08:48:04 am »









The landing party rather gingerly headed toward the interior in the direction of
the mountains, but they found that progress was interrupted by a series of deep
chasms.  To get to the interior would have taken days.  They returned to their
landing point and examined a broken cliff, part of which seemed to have been
split into a mass of loose gravel, as if it had recently been subjected to great force. 
One of the sailors found an unusual arrowhed in the broken rock, a disco-
very that led the captain to send for picks and shovels from the ship, so that the
crew could dig into the gravel.

According to what he told a reporter from the Times Picayune in New Orleans, where
he later docked, he and his crew uncovered "crumbling remains" of 'massive walls." 

A variety of artifacts uncovered by digging near the walls for the better part of two days included "bronze swords, rings, mallets, carvings of heads and figures of birds and animals,
and two vases or jars with fragments of bone, and one cranium almost entire...." and "what
appeared to be a mummy enclosed in a stone case....encrusted with volcanic deposit, so
as to be scarcely distinguished from the rock itself."  At the end of the following day, much
of which was spent getting the rock sarcophagus aboard the Jesmond, Robson, now worried
about uncertain weather, decided to abandon his exploration of the island and resume his
course.
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Bianca
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« Reply #5 on: May 16, 2009, 08:49:27 am »










Several reporters examined Captain Robson's unusual finds and were informed by
him that he planned to present the artifacts to the British Museum.  Unfortunately
for Atlantean research, however, the log of the Jesmond was destroyed during the
London blitz of September 1940, along with the offices of the Jesmond's owner,
Watts, Watts and Company, Threadneedle Street. 

There is apparently no record at the British Museum of their having received Robson's
unusual collection, although it is, of course, possible that the artifacts
are filed in the capacious attics and basements common to all great museums. 

Nor was the island ever heard of again, existing only in the sworn testimony of the
captain and crew of the JESMOND.

There is, however, some corroboration of the incident:  Captain Robson was not
alone in reporting the sighting of the mysterious island.  Captain James Newdick
of the steam schooner WESTBOURNE, sailing from Marseilles to New York during
the same period, reported on arrival in New York of having sighted a large island
at coordinates 25degree30'N, 24degreesW.  Newdick's report appeared in the
"New York Post", April 1, 1882. 
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Bianca
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« Reply #6 on: May 16, 2009, 08:50:28 am »









If the coordinated given by both captains were correct, the mystery island would
have measured 20X30 miles in area.  The volcanic activity that brought an island
of this size to the surface would have killed, probably through heating the oceanic
water, an enormous quantity of fish, just as Captain Robson reported.

The miles of dead fish, fanning out from the area first reported by Robson, were
also commented upon by a number of other ship captains and appeared in a varie-
ty of newpapers, including the"New York Times".  One captain suggested that the
kill could be explained by the wreck of a fishing vessel, however unlikely this ex-
planation might be.

For, the quantity of dead fish, as estimated by the British institute of Oceanogra-
phy, covered 7,500 square miles of the Atlantic and comprised at least half a
million tons.

Crew members of various vessels that passed through the floating fish identified
them as tilefish, cod, red snapper, shad and many others.  Some adventurous
souls among the sailors sampled a number of the fish and suffered no ill effects.
They stated that the fish were "hard and proved excellent food."

One might speculate that these hordes of fish did not immediately rot, since they
had been "pre-cooked" by the volcanic heat generated by the rising of the island
from the ocean floor.
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« Reply #7 on: May 16, 2009, 08:53:25 am »










Since Captain Robson's brief viewing of allegedly Atlantean walls, recognizable
features of buildings, walls and roads have been reported with increasing fre-
quency from various parts of the Atlantic.  They have often been observed by
pilots, who have overflown them in their scheduled flights and have not had per-
mission to depart from their flight plans to investigate further by circling, in order
to photograph chance sightings that, in any case, may have been illusory.

During WWII, several pilots on military flights between Brazil and Senegal, formerly
French West Africa, said they saw what looked like clusters of buildings or "cities"
under the ocean surface, near the St. Peter and St. Paul Rocks (1degreeN,
30degree West).  Other pilots and observers flying the same route, have reported
seeing what appeared to be underwater stone walls and ruins at approxmiately
6degreesN, 20degrees W, near the Sierra Leone Rise. 

Although it would be easy to discount these claims, by supposing that the pilots
reported clouds or shadown on the ocean, (it is relatively easy for imaginative in-
dividuals, pilots or otherwise, to visualize fantasies in the sea or sky), neverthe-
less, it is also true that some of the subsurface islands in the Atlantic, especially
the flat-topped seamounts that rise suddenly from the ocean floor, come fairly
close to sea level, in a number of places.

At certain times of the day, a special slant of the sun's rays in the afternoon and
a low rate of diatoms in the sea could make parts of the ocean, over such seamounts
clear enough to catch a glimpse of former human settlements built on large sea-
mounts, when they were once islands.
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« Reply #8 on: May 16, 2009, 08:55:08 am »









In the Western Atlantic, near the United States, pilots of both scheduled and
charter flights have remarked on pyramidal formations, stepped terraces and
walls on the ocean floor, between the Bahamas and Florida. 

A Pan American pilot has described seeing an archway in a submerged wall,
about sixty feet from the surface.  Charter pilots have described underwater
roads, leading eastward out to sea, from the coast of Yucatan, which they foll-
owed until the roads were lost in deep water, but which presumably continued 
to other destinations, now beneath the sea.

An expanse of stone ruins, several acres in area and apparently white, as if they
were marble, was reported off the northern coast of Cuba by the late Leicester
Hemingway, former resident of Cuba and brother of the famous novelist, but
these ruins are located well within Cuban waters and are, therefore, inaccessible
to American divers.

A number of rather convincing photographs have been taken from the air of what
appears to be underwater stonework on the Bahama Banks and off the
Caribbean coast of Mexico, but no aerial photographs have yet been made availa-
ble of sunken cities in the mid-Atlantic.

However, within the last several years, a number of unusual photographs have been
taken, not from aircraft, but from submarine cameras, lowered from research
ships. 

Pictures of apparently man-made ruins, photographed at much greater depths than
ever before, have been obtained by oceanographers not engaged in looking for
Atlantis, but simply photographing the sea bottom, in the general area of the legendary
island continent.

The vessels and the oceanographers were from the USSR, a nation far from Plato's
Atlantic Sea.






FROM


ATLANTIS, the Eighth Continent

By Charles Berlitz
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