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List of tallest buildings in New York City

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Jeannette Latoria
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« on: November 19, 2008, 01:53:02 am »

List of tallest buildings in New York City

Skyline of Midtown Manhattan from the observation deck of the GE Building

This list of tallest buildings in New York City ranks skyscrapers in the U.S. city of New York City, New York by height. The tallest building in New York City is the 102-story Empire State Building, which rises 1250ft (381m) and 1472ft (449m) by pinnacle height, in Midtown Manhattan and was completed in 1931.[1] It also stands as the second-tallest building in the United States and the tenth-tallest building in the world, and stood as the tallest building in the world from its completion until 1972. The second-tallest building in the city is the topped-out Bank of America Tower, which rises 1,200 feet (366 m) in height.[2] The building, which is still under construction, is expected to be complete by late 2008.[2] The third-tallest building in the city, and the second-tallest completed structure, is the 1,046-foot (319 m) Chrysler Building, which stood as the world's tallest building from 1930 until 1931.[3]

The history of skyscrapers in New York City began with the completion of the World Building in 1890; the structure rose 348 feet (106 m) in height.[4] Though not the city's first high-rise, it was the first building to surpass the 284-foot (87 m) spire of Trinity Church.[5] The World Building, which stood as the tallest in the city until 1899, was demolished in 1955 to allow for the construction of an expanded entrance to the Brooklyn Bridge.[5] Historically, New York has played a prominent role in the development of the skyscraper; since 1890, eleven structures in the city have held the title of world's tallest building.[6] New York City went through a very early high-rise construction boom that lasted from the early 1910s to the early 1930s, during which 16 of the city's 82 tallest buildings were constructed. During this time, the city saw the construction of the Bank of Manhattan Trust Building, the Chrysler Building, and the Empire State Building, each of which stood as the tallest building in the world at the time of its completion.[6] A second large skyscraper boom has lasted from 1960 to the present. During this time, the city has seen the completion of nearly 70 structures rising at least 600 feet (183 m) in height, including the twin towers of the World Trade Center. The North Tower of this complex, officially known as "One World Trade Center", stood as the tallest building in the world from 1972 until 1973 and the tallest building in New York City until 2001.[7] However, the North Tower, as well as the other six buildings in the World Trade Center complex, were destroyed in the September 11 attacks.[8]

The skyscrapers that have been constructed in New York are mostly concentrated in Midtown and Lower Manhattan, although other neighborhoods of Manhattan and the boroughs of Brooklyn, Queens, and The Bronx also have significant amounts of high-rises. As of June 2008[update], the entire city is the site of 191 buildings that rise at least 500 feet (152 m) in height, with 24 more under construction;[9] this is more than any other city in the United States.[10] As of August 2008[update], there are 5,538 completed high-rises in the city.[11] This is more than any other city in United States, and the world. Since 2003, New York City has seen the completion of 12 buildings that rise at least 600 feet (183 m) in height. Fifteen more are under construction, including the 1,776-foot (541 m) Freedom Tower.[12] Also known as One World Trade Center, it is part of the complex that will replace the destroyed World Trade Center; this complex also includes the proposed 1,339-foot (408 m) 200 Greenwich Street,[13] the under construction 1,255-foot (383 m) 175 Greenwich Street,[14] the under construction 975-foot (297 m) 150 Greenwich Street,[15] the proposed 743-foot (226 m) 130 Liberty Street,[16] and the completed 741-foot (226 m) 7 World Trade Center.[17] As of June 2008[update], there are 338 high-rise buildings under construction, approved for construction, and proposed for construction in New York City.[18]
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