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4,300-Year-Old Pyramid Discovered In Egypt - PICTURES

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Author Topic: 4,300-Year-Old Pyramid Discovered In Egypt - PICTURES  (Read 2512 times)
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« Reply #15 on: November 11, 2008, 10:53:15 pm »

                                                                S A Q Q A R A

29.87 N - 31.21 E

Lower Egypt -
overlooking the Egyptian capital of Memphis

West bank of Nile,
5 km north of Abusir

White fortress - the 1st nome of Lower Egypt

Type of Settlement

                                                            Historical Development

The earliest burials of nobles at Saqqara can be traced back to the Early Dynastic Period

The area became the first Royal necropolis of the Old Kingdom

In the New Kingdom it was eclipsed as the burial ground of royalty by the Valley of the Kings,

In the Late Kingdom and Ptolemaic Period, it regained importance as a complex for cult Apis Bull burials in the Serapeum

Because the necropolis was lost beneath the sands for the past 2000 years, many mastabas and temple

complexes have been superbly preserved, with both their structures and internal decorations intact.


a) The site is dominated by the famous step Pyramid of Zoser - designed by Imhotep, and is the
world's oldest standing stone monument

d) The ruined Pyramid of the 5th Dynasty Pharaoh Userkaf.

c) The 6th Dynasty pyramid of Teti I, now completely ruined. Adjacent to the pyramid are the mastabas of his officials. The mastaba of Kagemni, a Vizier and judge under three Pharaohs of the 5th and 6th Dynasties, has marvelous relieves showing fishermen

d) The Serapeum - twenty chambers contain sarcophagi the 'Apis Bulls' from the New Kingdom down to the Ptolemaic Period

e) The Tomb of Shepseskaf - Unlike his immediate predecessors and his successors, he chose the form of a mastaba rather then a pyramid for his tomb

f) The Pyramid complex of Pepi I from the 6th dynasty, with its associated queens pyramids

g) The Pyramid of Pepi II, the last great pyramid built in the Old Kingdom.

h) Merenre's complex

I) Unas complex, the oldest tomb which has Pyramid Texts inscribed. His pyramid is surprisingly small considering his long reign, rising only 52 meters above ground. Its present condition is also a disappointment, it is more like a heap of rubble, and it is only on the northern side that a few stones still stand

J) The Pyramid complex of Djedkare from the 5th dynasty, known as Haram el-Shawaf.

K) The tomb of Horemheb - Built before he became Pharaoh, in a modest scale, with wall decorations showing his daily life. The tomb was never used, hence his last resting place became the Valley of the Kings.

l) The Pyramid of Ibi from the 8th dynasty - the only pyramid constructed during the first intermediate period. His pyramid was small compared to all other completed ones, just 21 meters high. Today it is in a very ruinous state, consisting of 3 piles of limestone chips lying around the burial chamber.
« Last Edit: November 11, 2008, 11:00:19 pm by Bianca » Report Spam   Logged

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