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Lost LABYRINTH Of Egypt Scanned

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Author Topic: Lost LABYRINTH Of Egypt Scanned  (Read 8900 times)
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« on: September 28, 2008, 10:06:06 am »


The village Hw.t-wr.t/AuJh`ri▀ (= great temple) is attested 119 times in 62 documents between
292 BC and 141 CE.

The concentration of documents in the 1st century BCE is due to the Hawara undertakers archives.

The Egyptian Labyrinth (Labuvrinqo") appears 18 times in 16 papyri between 258 BCE and the reign
of Hadrian (117-138 CE).

All texts but one are Ptolemaic.

Though the names Hw.t-wr.t/AuJh`ri▀ and Labuvrinqo▀ disappear early from our records, archaeo-
logical finds show that the site was continuously occupied up to the 7th century CE.

The Egyptian name Hw.t-wr.t corresponds to Greek ďAuh`ri▀ in several bilingual documents, e.g. P.Hawara LŘdd. III (233 BCE), P.Ashm. I 14 and 15 (72/71 BCE) and P.Ashm. I 16 (69/68 BCE).

The aspiration at the beginning of the word shows in the phi in ajf&Mac198; ďAgouhvrew▀ th`▀ ďHrak¬leivdou merivdo▀║ (where ďAgouh`ri▀ stands for AuJh`ri▀) in SB XIV 11303. Greek aJ for
Egyptian hw.t is found in other toponyms as well (Clarysse-Quaegebeur 1982, p.78).
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