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PARIS, France

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Author Topic: PARIS, France  (Read 6828 times)
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« on: July 08, 2008, 08:48:18 am »

Gare du Nord, a symbol of the Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution, the French Second Empire, and the Belle Époque brought Paris the greatest develop-
ment in its history. From the 1840s, rail transport allowed an unprecedented flow of migrants into Paris attracted by employment in the new industries in the suburbs.

The city underwent a massive renovation under Napoleon III and his préfet Haussmann, who levelled entire dis-
tricts of narrow, winding medieval streets to create the network of wide avenues and neo-classical façades of modern Paris. This programme of "Haussmannization" was designed to make the city both more beautiful and more sanitary for its inhabitants, although it did have the added benefit that in case of future revolts or revolutions, cavalry charges and rifle fire could be used to deal with the insurrection while the rebel tactic of barricading so often used during the Revolution would become obsolete.

Cholera epidemics in 1832 and 1849 affected the population of Paris—the 1832 epidemic alone claimed 20,000 of the then population of 650,000.

Paris also suffered greatly from the siege which ended the Franco-Prussian War (1870–1871): in the chaos caused by the fall of Napoleon III's government, the Commune of Paris (1871) sent many of Paris's administrative centres (and city archives) up in flames while 20,000 Parisians were killed by fighting between Commune and Government forces in what became known as the semaine sanglante (Bloody Week).

Paris recovered rapidly from these events to host the famous Universal Expositions of the late nineteenth century.

The Eiffel Tower was built for the French Revolution centennial 1889 Universal Exposition, as a "temporary" display of architectural engineering prowess but remained the world's tallest building until 1930, and is the city's best-known landmark, while the 1900 Universal Exposition saw the opening of the first Paris Métro line.

Paris's World's Fairs also consolidated its position in the tourist industry and as an attractive setting for international technology and trade shows.
« Last Edit: July 08, 2008, 08:52:47 am by Bianca » Report Spam   Logged

Your mind understands what you have been taught; your heart what is true.

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