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Chronology of Space Exploration - From June 4, 780 BCE


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Author Topic: Chronology of Space Exploration - From June 4, 780 BCE  (Read 329 times)
Bianca
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« Reply #15 on: June 25, 2008, 12:46:43 pm »










1922
June 29
K Reinmuth discovers asteroid #979 Ilsewa. [1]

July 30
K Reinmuth discovers asteroid #983 Gunila. [1]



1923
June 8
S Belyavskij discovers asteroid #995 Sternberga. [1]

July 12
K Reinmuth discovers asteroids #997 Priska and #3682. [1]


 
1924
June 6
S Belyavskij discovers asteroid #1031 Arctica. [1]

June 23
V Albitzkij discovers asteroid #1022 Olympiada. [1]

June 25
K Reinmuth discovers asteroid #1023 Thomana. [1]

July 7
E Hertzsprung discovers asteroid #1702 Kalahari. [1]



1925
January 24
Moving picture of a solar eclipse taken from dirigible over Long Island. [1]

June 15
B Jekhovsky discovers asteroid #1093 Freda. [1]
 
June 22
G Shajn discovers asteroid #1058 Grubba. [1]

July 19
V Albitzkij discovers asteroid #1059 Mussorgskia. [1]

November 11
Robert Millikan announces discovery of cosmic rays. [1]



1928
July 10
H E Wood discovers asteroid #3300. [1]

July 19
H E Wood discovers asteroid #1305 Pongola. [1]

July 21
H E Wood discovers asteroid #1096 Reunerta. [1]



1929
June 11
G Neujmin discovers asteroid #1147 Stavropolis. [1]

July 5
A Deutsch discovers asteroid #1148 Rarahu. [1]



1930
January 23
Clyde Tombaugh photographs planet Pluto. [1]

February 18
US astronomer Clyde Tombaugh discovers Pluto. [1]

March 13
Clyde Tombaugh announces discovery of Pluto at Lowell Observatory. [1]
 
March 18
Pluto discovered by Clyde Tombaugh (US). [1]
 
March 24
Planet Pluto named. [1]
 
May 10
First US planetarium opens (Adler-Chicago). [1]
 
May 31
Comet 73P/1930 (Schwassmann-Wachmann 3) approaches 0.0617 astronomical units (AUs) of Earth. [1]

June 27
P Parchomenko discovers asteroid #1166 Sakuntala. [1]

July 22
G Neujmin discovers asteroid #1306 Scythia. [1]

H Van Gent discovers asteroids #1666 van Gent, #1752 van Herk. [1]
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« Reply #16 on: June 25, 2008, 12:52:31 pm »









1931
June 6
G Neujmin discovers asteroid #1210 Morosovia. [1]

June 9
C Jackson discovers asteroid #1197 Rhodesia. [1]



1932
June 11
E Delporte discovers asteroid #1222 Tina. [1]

July 8
G Neujmin discovers asteroid #1255 Schilowa. [1]

July 23
C Jackson discovers asteroid #1246 Chaka. [1]

July 30
G Van Biesbroeck discovers asteroid #2253 Espinette. [1]



1933
April 27
Karl Jansky reports reception of cosmic radio signal in Washington DC. [1]

June 15
C Jackson discovers asteroids #1278 Kenya and #1279 Uganda. [1]

July 1
G Neujmin discovers asteroid #1590 Tsiolkovskaja. [1]

July 24
K Reinmuth discovers asteroids #1645 Waterfield, #1668 Hanna. [1]
 
July 27
G Van Biesbroeck discovers asteroid #1312 Vassar. [1]
K Reinmuth discovers asteroid #1284 Latvia. [1]



1934
June 4
C Jackson discovers asteroid #2066 Palala. [1]
 
June 13
C Jackson discovers asteroid #1349 Bechuana. [1]
 
June 15
C Jackson discovers asteroid #1324 Knysna. [1]
K Reinmuth discovers asteroid #1322 Coppernicus. [1]

July 3
C Jackson discovers asteroid #1367 Nongoma. [1]
 
July 14
C Jackson discovers asteroids #1325 Inanda and #1326 Losaka. [1]
 
July 16
K Reinmuth discovers asteroid #1334 Lundmarka. [1]
 
December 2
5.08-m (200") Mount Palomar Observatory mirror is cast. [1]



1935
May 14
Los Angeles' Griffith Planetarium opens, third in US. [1]

June 30
C Jackson discovers asteroid #1784 Benguella. [1]
 
July 2
C Jackson discovers asteroid #1357 Khama. [1]

July 21
C Jackson discovers asteroid #1358 Gaika. [1]

July 22
C Jackson discovers asteroids #1359 Prieska and #1360 Tarka. [1]
 
July 25
C Jackson discovers asteroid #1641 Tana. [1]
 
July 28
G Neujmin discovers asteroid #1386 Storeria. [1]

October 2
New York Hayden Planetarium, the fourth in the US, opens. [1]
 
November 11
Explorer 2 balloon sets altitude record of 72,000 feet over South Dakota. [1]
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« Reply #17 on: June 25, 2008, 12:55:51 pm »







1936
June 12
C Jackson discovers asteroid #1394 Algoa. [1]

June 14
C Jackson discovers asteroid #1490 Limpopo. [1]

June 26
L Boyer discovers asteroid #2021 Poincare. [1]

July 8
C Jackson discovers asteroid #1949 Messina. [1]

July 16
K Reinmuth discovers asteroids #1395 Aribeda and #1402 Eri. [1]

July 25
G Neujmin discovers asteroid #3761. [1]



1937
June 5
A Bohrmann discovers asteroid #1455 Mitchella. [1]

July 2
C Jackson discovers asteroids #1429 Pemba and #1456 Saldanha. [1]
 
July 5
C Jackson discovers asteroids #1428 Mombasa and #1430 Somalia. [1]



1938
July 23
C Jackson discovers asteroid #1468 Zomba. [1]

July 28
K Reinmuth discovers asteroid #1485 Isa. [1]
 
July 30
C Jackson discovers asteroid #1467 Mashona. [1]



1939
June 20
C Jackson discovers asteroid #1817 Katanga. [1]

September 1
Physical Review publishes first paper to deal with "black holes". [1]



1945
May 25
Artheur C. Clark proposes relay satellites in geosynchronous orbit. [1]



1946
January 10
US Army establishes first radar contact with Moon, Belmar New Jersey. [1]

March 22
First US rocket to leave the Earth's atmosphere (50 miles up). [1]
 
June 4
Largest solar prominence (300,000 mi/500,000 km) observed. [1]



1947
February 12
Daytime fireball and meteorite fall seen in eastern Siberia. [1]



1948
February 16
Miranda, famous moon of Uranus, photographed for first time. [1]
 
April 14
A flash of light is observed in the crater Plato on the Moon. [1]
 
June 3
200" (5.08 m) Hale telescope dedicated at Palomar Observatory. [1]

July 5
E L Johnson discovers asteroid #1618 Dawn. [1]

July 17
C A Wirtanen discovers asteroid #1685 Toro. [1]

December 28
US announced a study to launch an Earth satellite. [1]

December 29
US State Department announces work on placing objects into Earth orbit. [1]



1949
February 24
V-2/WAC-Corporal first rocket to outer space, White Sands New Mexico, 400 km. [1]
 
May 1
Gerard Kuiper discovers Nereid, (second satellite of Neptune). [1]

June 26
Walter Baade discovers asteroid Icarus inside orbit of Mercury. [1]

June 27
W Baade discovers asteroid #1566 Icarus. [1]
« Last Edit: June 25, 2008, 01:00:29 pm by Bianca » Report Spam   Logged

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« Reply #18 on: June 25, 2008, 01:06:20 pm »









1950
June 15
Itzigsohn discover asteroid 1581 Abanderada, 1582 Martir and 1779 Parana. [1]

June 19
A G Wilson discovers asteroid #1980 Tezcatlipoca. [1]
 
June 24
M Itzigsohn discovers asteroid #1821 Aconcagua. [1]

July 15
K Reinmuth discovers asteroid #1750 Eckert. [1]

July 25
Goethe Link Observatory discovers asteroids #1799 Koussevitzky. [1]



1951
June 1
S Arend discovers asteroids #1592 Mathieu and #1593 Fagnes. [1]
 
June 27
M Itzigsohn discovers asteroid #1588 Descamisada. [1]

July 10
E L Johnson discovers asteroid #1609 Brenda. [1]

July 30
E L Johnson discovers asteroid #2718. [1]

September 29
S B Nicholson discovers 12th satellite of Jupiter. [1]



1952
July 25
Goethe Link Observatory discovers asteroid #1788 Kiess. [1]



1953
June 6
J Churms discovers asteroid #2025. [1]

July 6
J Churms discovers asteroid #1701 Okavango. [1]

July 13
J A Bruwer discovers asteroids #1658 Innes and #3284. [1]



1954
May 24
First rocket attains 150 mile (241 km) altitude, White Sands NM. [1]
 
November 30
First meteorite (8 pounds) known to strike a woman (Liz Hodges-Sylacauga Alabama). [1]



1955
February 12
Soviets dedicate space center built in Baikonur, Kazachstan. [1]
 
May 15
Building of space travel center at Baikonur Kazachstan begins. [1]
 
May 31
Construction begins on Soviet cosmodrome launch facilities. [1]
 
July 27
Goethe Link Observatory discovers asteroid #1751 Herget. [1]

November 3
Alabama woman bruised by a meteor. [1]



1956
May 2
US Lab detects high-temperature microwave radiation from Venus. [1]
 
December 8
First test firing of the Vanguard satellite program, TV-0. [1]



1957
June 23
S B Nicholson discovers asteroid #1647 Menelaus. [1]
 
August 15
David Simons reaches 30,942 m in Man High 2 balloon. [1]

August 20
USAF ballon breaks an altitude record at 102,000' (310,896 m). [1]

October 4
USSR launches Sputnik I, the first artificial Earth satellite. [1]

October 23
First test firing of Vanguard satellite launch vehicle, TV-3. [1]

November 3
USSR launches Sputnik 2 with a dog (Laika), first animal in orbit. [1]
 
November 4
Second Soviet Earth-satellite launched. [1]

December 6
First US attempt to launch a satellite fails-Vanguard rocket blows up. [1]
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« Reply #19 on: June 25, 2008, 01:10:49 pm »









1958
January 4
Sputnik 1 re-enters Earth's atmosphere from its orbit and burns up. [1] [5]

January 31
US launches their first artificial satellite, Explorer 1. [1]

February 1
First US satellite (Explorer I) launched. [1]

February 5
Vanguard TV-3 back-up launches into Earth orbit; reaches 6 km. [1]
 
March 5
Explorer 2 fails to reach Earth orbit. [1]
 
March 17
Navy launches Vanguard 1 into orbit (second US), measures Earth shape. [1]
 
March 19
Britain's first planetarium opens at Madame Tussaud's in London. [1]
 
March 26
US Army launches America's third successful satellite, "Explorer III". [1]

April 2
National Advisory Council on Aeronautics renamed NASA. [1]
 
April 14
Sputnik 2 (with dog Laika) burns up in atmosphere. [1]
 
April 28
Vanguard TV-5 launched for Earth orbit (failed). [1]

May 15
USSR launches Sputnik III. [1]

May 27
Vanguard SLV-1 launched for Earth orbit (failed). [1]

June 26
Vanguard SLV-2 launched for Earth orbit (failed). [1]

July 26
Army launches fourth US successful satellite, Explorer IV. [1]

July 29
US President Eisenhower signs NASA and Space Act of 1958. [1]
 
August 17
World's first Moon probe, US's Thor-Able, explodes at T +77 sec. [1]
 
October 1
Inauguration of NASA. [1]

Vanguard Project transferred from military to NASA. [1]

October 7
US manned space-flight project renamed Project Mercury. [1]
 
October 11
Second US Moon probe, Pioneer 1, reaches 113,810 km, falls back. [1]

December 6
US lunar probe Pioneer 3 reaches 107,269 km, falls back. [1]
 
December 18
First test project of Signal Communications by Orbiting Relay Equipment. [1]

December 19
First radio broadcast from space (recorded Christmas message by President Eisenhower: "To all mankind, America's wish for Peace on Earth and Good Will to Men Everywhere"). [1]

1959
January 2
USSR launches Mechta (Luna 1) for first lunar fly-by, first solar orbit. [1]

January 4
Luna 1 (Mechta) becomes first spacecraft to leave Earth's gravity and reach the vicinity of the Moon. [1] [5]

February 17
First weather satellite launched, Vanguard 2, 9.8 kg. [1]
 
February 28
Launch of Discoverer 1 (WTR)-first polar orbit. [1]
 
March 3
First US probe to enter solar orbit, Pioneer 4, is launched. [1]

March 4
US Pioneer IV misses Moon and becomes second (US first) artificial planet. [1]
 
March 9
First known radar contact is made with Venus. [1]

April 9
NASA names first 7 astronauts for Project Mercury. [1]

April 13
USAF launches Discoverer II into polar orbit. [1]
Vanguard SLV-5 launched for Earth orbit (failed). [1]

May 28
US Congressional Committee of Astronautics meets Project 7 astronauts. [1]
Monkeys Able and Baker zoom 300 miles (500 km) into space on Jupiter missile, became first animals retrieved from a space mission. [1]

June 22
Vanguard SLV-6 launched for Earth orbit (failed). [1]

July 26
C Hoffmeister discovers asteroid #2183. [1]

August 7
Explorer 6 transmits first TV photo of Earth from space. [1]

September 14
The Soviet probe Luna 2 crashes onto the Moon, becoming the first man-made object to reach it. [5]
 
September 17
Transit 1A, first navigational satellite launched; failed to orbit. [1]

September 18
Vanguard 3 is launched into Earth orbit. [1] [5]
 
October 4
USSR Luna 3 sent back first photos of Moon's far side. [1]
 
October 6
Soviet Luna 3, first successful photographic spacecraft, impacts Moon. [1]
 
October 7
Far side of Moon seen for first time, compliments of USSR's Luna 3. [1]
 
December 1
The first color photograph of Earth received from outer space. [1]
 
December 4
A monkey returns to Earth safely, after being launched 55 miles high into outer space by the United States space program. [5]
 
December 12
United Nations Committee on Peaceful Use of Outer Space is established. [1]
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« Reply #20 on: June 25, 2008, 01:13:33 pm »









1960
January 2
John Reynolds sets age of solar system at 4,950,000,000 years. [1]

January 21
Little Joe 4 suborbital Mercury test reaches 16 km. [1]

January 28
First photograph bounced off Moon, Washington DC. [1]
 
March 11
Pioneer 5 launched into solar orbit between Earth and Venus. [1]

March 15
National Observatory at Kitt Peak, Arizona dedicated. [1]

March 23
Explorer (Cool fails to reach Earth orbit. [1]

April 1
RCA TIROS (TV and Infra-Red Observation 'weather' Satellite) I launched. [1]
 
April 4
Project Ozma begins at Green Bank radio astronomy center. [1]
 
April 11
First weather satellite launched (Tiros 1). [1]

April 13
Transit 1B, first navigational satellite, placed in Earth orbit. [1]

May 13
First launch of Delta satellite launching vehicle; it failed. [1]
 
May 14
USSR launch first (unmanned) space capsule. [1]

May 15
Sputnik 4 launched into Earth orbit; later recovery failed. [1]

July 12
Echo I, first passive satellite launched. [1]

USSR's Sputnik 5 launched with two dogs. [1]

July 20
USSR recovered two dogs; first living organisms to return from space. [1]
 
July 29
J Schubart discovers asteroid #2000 Herschel. [1]
 
August 10
Discoverer 13 launched into orbit; returned first object from space. [1]
 
August 12
Echo 1, first communications satellite, is launched. [1]

August 18
First photograph bounced off a satellite, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. [1]

August 19
Sputnik 5 carries two dogs, three mice into orbit (later recovered alive). [1]
 
August 20
USSR recovers two dogs; first living organisms to return from space. [1]

October 4
Courier 1B Launched; first active repeater satellite in orbit. [1]
 
October 24
Disaster on USSR launch pad, kills missile expert Nedelin and team (unconfirmed); USSR claims he was killed in plane crash. [1]

November 12
Mercury-Redstone 1 test launch fails at 10 cm altitude. [1]
 
November 23
Tiros 2, a weather satellite is launched. [1]
 
December 19
Mercury-Redstone 1A reaches 210 km in test flight. [1]
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« Reply #21 on: June 25, 2008, 01:15:07 pm »









1961

January 31
Ham is first primate in space (158 miles) aboard Mercury/Redstone 2. [1]

USAF launches Samos spy satellite to replace U-2 flights. [1]


February 4
Sputnik 7 launches into Earth orbit; probable Venus probe failure. [1]

February 12
USSR launches Venera 1 toward Venus. [1] [5]

February 13
Soviet Union fires a rocket from Sputnik V to Venus. [1]

February 16
First all-solid-propellant rocket put in orbit, Wallops Island Virginia. [1]

US satellite Explorer 9 is launched. [1]


February 21
Mercury-Atlas 2 reentry test reaches 172 km. [1]

February 24
Explorer (10) fails to reach Earth orbit. [1]

March 9
First animal returned from space, dog named Blackie aboard Sputnik 9. [1]

Sputnik 9 carries Chernushka (dog) into orbit. [1]


March 25
Explorer 10 launched into elongated Earth orbit (177/181,000 km). [1]

Sputnik 10 carries a dog into Earth orbit; later recovered. [1]


March 30
NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 169,600' (51,690 metre). [1]

P J Melotte discovered Jupiter's 8th satellite Pasiphae, dies. [1]


April 12
Yuri Alexeyevich Gagarin becomes first person to orbit Earth (Vostok 1). [1]

April 25
Mercury/Atlas rocket lifted off with an electronic mannequin. [1]

April 27
NASA launches Explorer 11 into Earth orbit to study gamma rays. [1]

May 5
Alan Shepard becomes first American in space (aboard Freedom 7). [1]

May 24
Explorer (12) fails to reach Earth orbit. [1]

May 25
US President John F. Kennedy announces his goal to put a "man on the Moon" before the end of the decade. [1] [5]

June 30
Explorer (12) fails to reach Earth orbit. [1]

July 21
Launch of Mercury 4 (Liberty Bell) with Grissom. [1]

August 6
Gherman S Titov, second Russian in space aboard Vostok 2 (17 orbits), first case of motion sickness in space reported. [1]

August 7
Cosmonaut Gherman Titov circles Earth for a full day in Vostok 2. [1]

August 23
US lunar probe Ranger 1 reaches 190 km from Earth, falls back. [1]

September 13
Unmanned Mercury-Atlas 4 launched into Earth orbit. [1]

October 27
First Saturn launch vehicle makes an unmanned flight test. [1]

November 18
US Ranger 2 launched to Moon; failed. [1]

November 29
Mercury-Atlas 5 carries a chimp (Enos) to orbit. [1]

December 12
Ham radio satellite Oscar 1 launched with military Discoverer 36. [1]
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« Reply #22 on: June 29, 2008, 10:17:22 am »










1962


January 26
US launches Ranger 3, misses Moon by 22,000-mile (37,000-km). [1]

February 2
Eight of 9 planets align for first time in 400 years. [1]

February 5
Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn within 16 degrees. [1]
 
February 20
John Glenn is first American to orbit Earth (Friendship 7). [1]

March 7
Launch of OSO 1, first astronomy satellite (solar flare data). [1]

March 16
First launching of Titan 2 rocket. [1]

April 23
First US satellite to reach the moon launched. [1]

Ranger 4, first US satellite to reach Moon launched from Cape Canaveral. [1]


April 24
MIT sends TV signal by satellite for first time California to Massachusetts. [1]

April 25
US Ranger spacecraft crash lands on the Moon. [1]

April 26
Ariel 1 Launch (first United Kingdom Satellite). [1]

Ranger 4 crash lands on (backside of) Moon. [1]

US/United Kingdom launch Ariel; first international payload. [1]


May 9
Laser beam successfully bounced off Moon for first time. [1]

May 23
Scott Carpenter orbits Earth three times in US Aurora 7. [1]

May 24
M Scott Carpenter aboard Aurora 7 launched into earth orbit. [1]
 
June 1
Oscar 2 (ham radio satellite) launched into Earth orbit. [1]

July 10
The world's first communications satellite (Telstar) is launched into orbit. [1] [5]

July 11
First transatlantic TV transmission via satellite (Telstar I). [1]

Cosmonaut Micolaev set then record longest space flight - four days. [1]


July 12
First time two manned crafts in space (USSR). [1]

July 22
First US Venus probe, Mariner 1, fails at lift-off. [1]

July 27
Mariner 2 launched to Venus; flyby mission. [1]

July 28
Mariner I launched to Mars falls into Atlantic Ocean. [1]
 
August 5
First quasar located by radio. [1]

August 11
Andrian G Nikolayev, becomes third Russian in space aboard Vostok 3. [1]
 
August 12
Russia launches Vostok 4, Pavel Popovich, who lands safely August 15. [1]
 
August 27
Mariner 2 launched; first probe to fly by Venus. [1]
 
September 17
US space officials announce selection of 9 new astronauts. [1]
 
September 29
Launch of Alouette 1, first Canadian satellite (on US Delta rocket). [1]
 
October 1
US National Radio Astronomy Observatory gets a 300' (91m) radio telescope. [1]

October 3
Wally Schirra in Sigma 7 launched into Earth orbit. [1]

October 12
US/USSR sign joint space effort in telecommunications and meteorology. [1]
 
October 18
US launches Ranger 5 for lunar impact; misses Moon. [1]

November 1
USSR launches Mars 1; radio contact lost before arrival at Mars. [1]
 
December 13
Relay 1 communication satellite launched. [1]

December 14
Mariner 2 launched, makes first US visit to another planet (Venus). [1]

December 19
Transit 5A1, first operational navigational satellite, launched. [1]
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« Reply #23 on: June 29, 2008, 10:27:54 am »










1963


January 4
Soviet Luna (4) reaches Earth orbit but fails to reach Moon. [1]

February 5
Maarten Schmidt discovers enormous red shifts in quasars. [1]

Soviet lunar probe failure. [1]


February 14
US launches communications satellite Syncom 1. [1]

April 2
Explorer 17 attains Earth orbit (254/914 km). [1]

USSR launches Luna 4; missed Moon by 8,500 km. [1]


May 7
SETC Telstar 2 launched (apogee 6,700 miles (10,800 km)). [1]

May 15
Last Project Mercury flight, L Gordon Cooper in Faith 7, launched. [1]

May 16
Gordon Cooper completes 22 orbits in Faith 7, ends US Project Mercury. [1]

June 14
Valery Bykovsky in Vostok 5 orbits earth 81 times in five days. [1]

June 16
Valentina Tereshkova becomes first woman in space, aboard Vostok 6. [1]
 
June 19
Valentina Tereshkova first woman in space returns to Earth. [1]
 
July 26
US Syncom 2, first geosynchronous communications satellite, launched. [1]
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« Reply #24 on: June 29, 2008, 10:32:09 am »










1964


January 25
Echo 2 US communications satellite launched. [1]

January 29
Unmanned Apollo 1 Saturn launcher test attains Earth orbit. [1]

January 30
Ranger 6 launched; makes perfect flight to Moon, but cameras fail. [1]
 
March 20
European Space Research Organization established. [1]

April 2
USSR launches Zond 1 to Venus; no data returned. [1]

April 8
Unmanned Gemini 1 launched. [1]
 
May 28
Unmanned Apollo 2 Saturn test launched into Earth orbit. [1]

June 30
Centaur 3 launch vehicle fails to make Earth orbit. [1]

July 28
Ranger 7 launched toward the Moon; sent back 4308 TV pictures. [1]

July 31
US Ranger 7 takes 4,316 pictures before crashing on theMoon. These are the first close-up photographs of the moon, with images 1,000 times clearer than anything ever seen from earth-bound telescopes. [1] [5]

September 4
NASA launches its first Orbital Geophysical Observatory (OGO-1). [1]

October 12
Launch of Voskhod 1, first three man crew (Komarov, Feokistov, Yegorov). [1]
 
October 13
Voskhod 1 crew returns. [1]

November 5
US launches Mariner 3 toward Mars; no data returned. [1]
 
November 28
Mariner 4 launched; first probe to fly by Mars. [1]
 
November 30
USSR launches Zond 2 towards Mars; no data returned. [1]

December 15
First time four people in space. [1]
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« Reply #25 on: June 29, 2008, 10:36:27 am »










1965


January 20
American Jet Propulsion Laboratory proposes modified Apollo flight to fly around Mars and return. [1]
 
January 22
US launches TIROS 9 weather satellite. [1]

January 27
First ground station-to-aircraft radio communication via satellite. [1]

February 3
Orbiting Solar Observatory 2 launches into Earth orbit (552/636 km). [1]

February 16
Pegasus 1 launched to detect micro-meteors. [1]

February 17
US Ranger 8 launched, will transmit 7,137 lunar pictures. [1]
 
February 20
Ranger 8 makes hard landing on the Moon, returns photos, other data. [1]

February 22
USSR launches Kosmos 57 into earth orbit (Voskhod Test). [1]

March 18
USSR launches Voshkod 2; Alexei Leonov makes first spacewalk (20 minutes). [1] [5]
 
March 21
US Ranger 9 launched; takes 5,814 pictures before lunar impact. [1] [5]
 
March 23
Gemini 3 launched, first US two-man space flight (Grissom and Young). [1]

March 24
US Ranger 9 strikes Moon, 10 miles (16 km) northeast of crater Alphonsus. [1]

April 1
Syncom 3, first geosynchronous communications satellite, passes from civilian to military control. [1]
 
April 3
First atomic powered spacecraft (SNAP) launched. [1]

April 6
Intelsat 1 ("Early Bird") launched; first commercial geosynchronous communications satellite. [1]
 
April 16
Test flight of heavy Saturn S-1C-rocket. [1]

April 23
Launch of first Soviet communications satellite. [1]
 
May 1
USSR launches Luna 5; later impacts on Moon. [1]
 
May 2
Early Bird satellite goes into commercial service. [1]

May 9
Luna 5 launched (USSR) first attempt to soft land on Moon (fails). [1]

June 3
Gemini 4 launched; second US two-man flight (McDivitt and White). [1] [5]
 
June 8
USSR launches Luna 6; misses Moon. [1]
 
June 10
A R Klemola discovers asteroid #2370 van Altena. [1]

June 28
A R Klemola discovers asteroid #2179 Platzeck. [1]
 
July 14
US Mariner IV, first Mars probe, passes at 6,100 miles (9,800 km). [1]
 
July 15
US scientists display close-up photos of Mars from Mariner IV. [1]

July 18
Zond 3 launched to fly by Moon, enters solar orbit. [1]

July 29
Gemini 5 returns after 12 days 7 hours 11 minutes 53 seconds in space. [1]
 
August 21
Gemini 5 launched into Earth orbit (two astronauts). [1]

August 29
Astronauts Cooper and Conrad complete 120 Earth orbits in Gemini 5. [1]
 
October 4
USSR launches Luna 7; crash lands on Moon. [1]
 
November 12
Venera two launched by Soviet Union toward Venus. [1]

November 16
The Soviet Union launches the Venera 3 space probe, which becomes the first spacecraft to reach the surface of another planet (Venus). [1] [5]
 
November 26
France launches first satellite, 92 pounds (42 kg) A1-capsule (Asterix), becoming third nation in space. [1]

December 3
USSR launches Luna 8; crashes on Moon. [1]
 
December 4
Gemini 7 is launched with two astronauts (Borman and Lovell). [1]
 
December 15
Gemini 6 launched; makes first rendezvous in space (with Gemini 7). [1]
 
December 16
Gemini 6 returns to Earth. [1]
 
Pioneer 6 launched into solar orbit. [1]


December 17
David Levy begins his search for comets. [1]
 
December 18
Borman and Lovell splash down in Atlantic; ends two-week Gemini VII mission. [1]
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« Reply #26 on: June 29, 2008, 10:37:34 am »

http://www.islandnet.com/~kpolsson/space/spac1965.htm
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