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Egypt Comes To Palestrina - PRAENESTRE- 1198 B.C.

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Author Topic: Egypt Comes To Palestrina - PRAENESTRE- 1198 B.C.  (Read 814 times)
Bianca
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« on: June 10, 2008, 06:42:56 pm »











                                                               Egypt Comes To Palestrina






The town of Palestrina welcomed world-famous
Egyptian archaeologist Zahi Hawass this spring
 
   
   Earlier this spring, Claudio Scaramella, president of the Pro Loco (tourist board) of Palestrina, an ancient town 38 km southeast of Rome, brought off a coup he’d been planning for eight years. He succeeded in bringing world-famous Egyptian archaeologist Zahi Hawass (dubbed “the Indiana Jones of Egypt” by the American television Discovery Channel) to his home town.

Palestrina, the pre-Roman town of Praeneste, celebrated for the spectacular remains of the Roman sanctuary of Fortuna Primigenia, dates back to the seventh century BC and was once an important trading post for the peoples of the Mediterranean.

Scaramella says there is a body of evidence proving links between Praeneste and ancient Egypt.

The Egyptian goddess Isis was worshipped in Praeneste’s Temple of Fortune and a fascinating second-century BC mosaic depicting animals and scenes of daily life on the banks of the Nile was discovered in the ruins. The Nile Mosaic is now one of the most prized exhibits in the Palazzo Barberini national archaeological museum crowning the sanctuary.

It was thanks to this extraordinary exhibit that Palestrina became a point of reference for the Egyptian Academy in Rome. In 1998 the academy director was invited to Palestrina to see the Nile Mosaic. He was so impressed that the visit developed into a series of joint initiatives and cultural exchanges in which the Palestrina authorities are invited to the annual Egyptian national holiday celebrations at the Egyptian embassy on 19 July and the embassy sends Egyptian folklore groups to perform at the town’s summer event, the Estate Prenestina.

Yearly trips to Egypt have become a regular feature in the lives of Palestrina citizens who have not hesitated to give a tangible demonstration of their friendship by generously supporting the expenses of a five-year-old Egyptian girl whom they brought to Rome for a delicate eye operation.
« Last Edit: June 10, 2008, 08:50:11 pm by Bianca » Report Spam   Logged

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Bianca
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« Reply #1 on: June 10, 2008, 06:51:49 pm »







                                               

                                                 PALESTRINA (PRAENESTRE) WAS FOUNDED IN APRIL, 1198 B.C.







“I wanted to invite Zahi Hawass to Palestrina for years,” said Scaramella, who, with the help of his friends at the Egyptian Academy, finally managed to bring Egypt’s most famous archaeologist to Palestrina in March, where he gave a talk on his most sensational discoveries.


Hawass, the dynamic secretary general of the superior council for Egyptian antiquities, as well as director of excavations at Giza, Saqqara and the Oasis of Baharya, has revolutionized archaeological research in Egypt by giving it widespread publicity through worldwide media coverage. He became a household name when he appeared on the Discovery Channel a couple of years ago.

Audiences all over the globe watched with bated breath as he attempted to penetrate a narrow unexplored passageway inside the Great Pyramid with the help of a robot. The passage was found to be blocked by a stone door with two handles. Subsequently a hole was bored through this door, only to find yet another door.

“This year,” Hawass announced to the packed audience in the Palazzo Barberini museum, “we’ll be sending another robot through this second door to see what’s on the other side.”
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« Reply #2 on: June 10, 2008, 06:54:01 pm »



Mummy of Queen Hatshepsut









Some of his other most famous exploits include the positive identification of the mummy of Queen Hatshepsut, who ruled Egypt 3,500 years ago, thanks to a tooth found inside the Canopic jar containing her liver, and establishing the true cause of death of the young pharaoh Tutankhamun, popularly believed to have been murdered.

“The wound in his head was actually part of the mummification process. His left leg was fractured and probably became infected. The accident had taken place one day before his death.”

One of Hawass’ pet grouches is that, till recent times, archaeological exploration in Egypt was carried out by foreigners. “There are 63 tombs in the Valley of the Kings. Twenty-six of these are royal tombs. Not one of them was excavated by Egyptians.”

However, he firmly declares, things have now changed. “Soon you will hear of many new discoveries, this time by Egyptians.”

At this moment, he said, his team is engaged in exploring under the Nile.

“We’re sure there are many important things lying below the water. We’ve been diving with a scanning camera in the area in front of the Cataract Hotel at Aswan. Our most important find so far was part of a temple sunk 40 m deep. We brought up a half ton block inscribed with hieroglyphics.”
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« Reply #3 on: June 10, 2008, 06:55:43 pm »












Another major project is the search for the burial chamber of King Seti I, which he believes lies buried deep beneath his magnificent 16-room tomb, discovered in 1817 by Italian Egyptologist Giovanni Battista Belzoni.

“Thirty-seven years ago, I met this old man who belonged to a family that knew the secrets of the Valley of the Kings. He took me into this tomb and showed me a tunnel that he claimed ran 100 m underground. ‘If you become an important archaeologist you must go down there,’ he said. When I was nominated director of excavations, I decided to do as he had urged. I had myself lowered down on the end of a rope with a torch. I got down as far as 70 m but the walls began to crumble so I had to come up again.

“We began to dig last November. We took out 100,000 cubic metres of sand and rubble and we got down to 60 m. But the tunnel is not 100 m long, it’s 160 m.”

Work is thus still going on. However, he knows he is on the right track. “We’ve found some objects and fragments of an inscription with Seti I’s name.”
 
But perhaps his most ambitious aim is to find the tomb of Antony and Cleopatra, which he believes he has localised at Alexandria.

Scaramella hopes that Hawass will make a repeat visit in a couple of years’ time to tell Palestrina more.
« Last Edit: June 10, 2008, 07:00:20 pm by Bianca » Report Spam   Logged

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« Reply #4 on: June 10, 2008, 07:24:49 pm »



NILE MOSAIC
DETAIL
2nd Century BC








                                      T H E   N I L E   M O S A I C   O F   P A L E S T R I N A

 



The Nile mosaic of Palestrina is a late Hellenistic mosaic depicting the Nile from Ethiopia to the Mediterranean. It has a width of 5,85 meters and a height of 4,31 meters and provides the only glimpse into the Roman fascination with Egyptian exoticism in the 2nd century BC.

The Nile Mosaic and its companion piece, the Fish Mosaic, were discovered in the Italian city of Palestrina, ancient Praeneste, in the early 17th century. They were thought to have been the vestiges of Sulla's sanctuary of Fortuna Primigenia. The town was owned by the Barberini family, who unceremoniously removed the mosaic from its setting and put it on exhibit in Palazzo Barberini, Rome. The mosaic was repaired on numerous occasions before being returned to Palestrina in 1953.




 Another detail (Altes Museum, Berlin)


The mosaic features detailed depictions of Ptolemaic Greeks, black Ethiopians in hunting scenes, and various animals of the Nile river. It is the earliest Roman depiction of Nilotic scenes, of which several more were uncovered at Pompeii[1]. A consensus on the dating of the work is slowly emerging. Paul G. P. Meyboom suggests a date shortly before the reign of Sulla (ca. 100 BC) and treats the mosaic as an early evidence for the spread of Egyptian cults in Italy. He believes Nilotic scenes were introduced in Rome by Demetrius the Topographer, a Greek artist from Ptolemaic Egypt active ca. 165 BC.

The Nile mosaic of Palestrina has been cited by new earth creationists as evidence that humans and dinosaurs coexisted, if one of the creatures depicted is interpreted as a dinosaur. The creature in question can be seen in the top half of the mosaic, just above the three figures holding shields.







References



Finley, The Light of the Past, 1965, p93.

C. Roemer, R. Matthews, Ancient Perspectives on Egypt, Routledge Cavendish 2003, pp.194ff.

Paul G. P. Meyboom, The Nile Mosaic of Palestrina: Early Evidence of Egyptian Religion in Italy, Brill 1995, pp.80ff
 
^ Paul G. P. Meyboom, The Nile Mosaic of Palestrina: Early Evidence of Egyptian Religion in Italy, Brill 1995, p.83



This entry is from Wikipedia
« Last Edit: June 10, 2008, 07:33:45 pm by Bianca » Report Spam   Logged

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« Reply #5 on: June 10, 2008, 07:46:58 pm »



RUINS OF THE SANCTUARY  OF
FORTUNA PRIMIGENIA
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« Reply #6 on: June 10, 2008, 07:50:47 pm »




                                   RUINS OF THE SANCTUARY  OF FORTUNA PRIMIGENIA


                                       
« Last Edit: June 10, 2008, 07:53:13 pm by Bianca » Report Spam   Logged

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« Reply #7 on: June 10, 2008, 07:55:24 pm »

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« Reply #8 on: June 10, 2008, 08:01:39 pm »











                                                  PALESTRINA - PRAENESTE





with Italian text to read and listen


Clicking on the link, the MadiaFire page will open, where is really uploaded my audio-file, after few seconds will appear “Click here to start download..”, click on and the “Download file” advice will
appear, click now on “open” and the voice will start quickly. (switch off the tv before)


http://www.mediafire.com/?3ynodrybgtu


To go on with places I worked in, let me start today talking about Palestrina, a little town just about
40 km from Rome... Palestrina (in Latin “Praeneste”) was built near the “Furtuna primigenia” temple, a monumental temple built at the end of the second century b. C. but there are archaeological evidences that the external wall that encircled all the monument was there from the VI century b. C..

We are talking about one of the most monumental religious centers, Hellenistic style, of the Roman world.

In the picture bellow you can see the plastic of the temple.


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« Reply #9 on: June 10, 2008, 08:05:23 pm »










From the next picture you can understand how you could have seen the temple when it was built.





                                     
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« Reply #10 on: June 10, 2008, 08:08:55 pm »










In the next picture you can see the temple like it is today.




                           
« Last Edit: June 10, 2008, 08:17:53 pm by Bianca » Report Spam   Logged

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« Reply #11 on: June 10, 2008, 08:41:18 pm »








The temple is the centre of the town also nowadays as you can see from the picture below.





« Last Edit: June 13, 2008, 02:27:31 pm by Bianca » Report Spam   Logged

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« Reply #12 on: June 10, 2008, 08:41:59 pm »











As you can see, a big palace, “BarberiniPalace”, (the family of the Pope Urban VIII) was built on top of the old temple and the little theatre that was part of the temple was enclosed into the Barberini Palace courtyard.




                                               



http://tobe2.blogspot.com/2007/08/palestrina-praeneste.html
« Last Edit: June 13, 2008, 02:33:21 pm by Bianca » Report Spam   Logged

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« Reply #13 on: June 10, 2008, 08:58:33 pm »



Palestrina, ancient Praeneste.
This is a private house ruin,
and you can see some wall
paintings.
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« Reply #14 on: June 10, 2008, 09:09:10 pm »

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