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 on: July 22, 2014, 09:14:25 pm 
Started by Tiffany Rossette - Last post by Tiffany Rossette
Most recently, from 2006 to 2013, Kemp’s excavation team has uncovered artifacts and bones from a cemetery site located near the South Tombs, a site where preliminary evidence indicated that it held the burials of a poorer class of people. “Of the various cemeteries located it is the one that has the most varied material present on the surface, including late 18th Dynasty sherds, a few pieces of glass vessel and faience, and mud bricks,” states Kemp and colleagues. But, Kemp continues, “it has been partly washed away by occasional floods that have swept down it and across the desert plain in front. The floods left behind a scatter of human bones along both the sandy floor of the wadi and the watercourses that cross the desert plain beyond.”**

Flooding hasn’t been the only challenge faced by researchers at the site. Extensive looting has taken its toll, resulting in additional bones and sherds scattered out of their original contexts across the site and creating urgent pressure to record what remains before it is lost.

Under the direction of Jerry Rose of the University of Arkansas, Project experts have been examining the skeletal remains. “Preliminary indications are that they lived hard, short lives,” reports Kemp and colleagues.**  In 2015, examination of the skeletal remains will continue, and Kemp hopes to begin excavating at locations near the North Tomb.

The pharaoh Akhenaten, best known as the ‘heretic pharaoh’, employed thousands of workers and officials to build and administer the city of Akhetaten (Amarna) as his new capital on virgin land north of Thebes in Middle Egypt. Dedicated to the veneration of his new monotheistic religion of worship to the Aten, construction commenced in or around Year 5 of his reign (1346 BC) and is thought to have been completed by Year 9 (1341 BC). Unlike all other ancient Egyptian cities, it is the only one that preserved details of its internal plans. This city, however, was short-lived, lasting only 15 years until Akhenaten’s death. Akhenaten’s son Tutankhamun moved the capital back to Thebes upon his father’s death and returned Egyptian worship to its former pantheon of gods.

More information about the Amarna Project can be obtained at the website, where individuals may also find a utility to donate to support the project efforts. Those interested in participating in the project may also visit the applicable University of Arkansas website.


* JEA 10, 1924, 303-304.


Cover Image, Top Left: View of the South Tomb area at Amarna. Kurohito, Wikimedia Commons

 on: July 22, 2014, 09:13:31 pm 
Started by Tiffany Rossette - Last post by Tiffany Rossette

View of the interior of the tomb of Panehesy. Mutnedjet, Wikimedia Commons

 on: July 22, 2014, 09:13:03 pm 
Started by Tiffany Rossette - Last post by Tiffany Rossette

Above: Plan of the South Tombs Cemetery showing excavation areas. Courtesy Helen Fenwick and the Amarna Project

 on: July 22, 2014, 09:12:32 pm 
Started by Tiffany Rossette - Last post by Tiffany Rossette

Project map of Akhetaten, showing locations of tomb areas and progress as of 2006. Courtesy the Amarna Project

 on: July 22, 2014, 09:11:51 pm 
Started by Tiffany Rossette - Last post by Tiffany Rossette

Archaeologists Uncover Lost Population of Ancient Amarna

Thu, Jul 17, 2014

Burial remains shed new light on the "missing 6,000" of ancient Egypt's Amarna period.
Archaeologists Uncover Lost Population of Ancient Amarna

It remained a mystery for decades.

Since archaeologist F.Ll. Griffith's excavations in the 1920's at the ancient site of the pharaoh Akhenaten's short-lived new capital city of Akhetaten (modern Amarna), archaeologists have been puzzled about the whereabouts of the remains of the city's commoner population – the people who toiled to build and maintain Akhenaten’s sacred edifices and infrastructure -- and more specifically, the estimated 6,000 people who died during the short 15-year period of the city’s construction and development.

“A will-of-the-wisp, the dream of a rich unplundered cemetery of the middle classes at El-Amarneh, full of choice vases and amulets, beckons to each successive explorer,” wrote Griffith in the report for his 1923 excavation season.*

Many of the elaborate unfinished rock-cut tombs of Akhenaten’s elite courtiers and high officials had already been found. They grace the cliff faces of the northern end of the Amarna city plain and the face of a low escarpment at the southern end of the ancient city. They can be plainly seen today by modern visitors.

But the burials of the deceased of the estimated 30,000 commoners and laborers remained elusive – until 2001, when archaeologist Barry Kemp of the University of Cambridge began to see the first signs. Kemp has directed excavations and surveys at Amarna for the Egypt Exploration Society since 1977.

“The puzzle seems now to have been solved,” says Kemp. “ It has come about through the desert GPS survey begun in 2001 and continued in subsequent years. First came the discovery of two cemeteries (clearly robbed) of what must be relatively poor graves on the flat desert not far from tomb no. 6 (of Panehesy), the southernmost of the North Tombs. The surface pottery is appropriate to the Amarna period. In 2003 a third cemetery was discovered on the east side of a narrow wadi which runs back into the low escarpment behind tomb 25 of the South Tombs group. In 2004 two further cemeteries likely to be of the Amarna Period were located on the floor of another wadi which cuts through the cliffs where the North Tombs are located.”**


 on: July 22, 2014, 08:01:27 pm 
Started by Jade Hellene - Last post by Jade Hellene

 on: July 22, 2014, 08:00:59 pm 
Started by Jade Hellene - Last post by Jade Hellene
Infographics by Jan Diehm for The Huffington Post.

Short, who is not related to the author of this story, relied on a 2010 Princeton study by Daniel Kahneman and Angus Deaton, which found that at the national level, making more than $75,000 per year won't significantly improve your day-to-day happiness.

To create his state-by-state comparison, Short adjusted this so-called national $75,000 "happiness benchmark" to reflect the cost of living in each state, relying on data from the Council for Community and Economic Research.

According to the researchers behind the original Princeton study, your emotional well-being -- or the pleasure you derive from day-to-day experiences -- doesn't get any better after your household is earning roughly $75,000. That said, a term they call "life evaluation" -- or how you feel about your life and accomplishments -- can continue to rise with higher income and education levels.

Of course, an array of other factors (for instance, the number of kids you have, the amount of debt you carry, the cost of living in your city or town) will affect how your income translates to your day-to-day happiness. But that's another conversation altogether.

CORRECTION: An earlier version of this post implied that the research was based on one's individual salary. In fact, it's based on a household's income.

 on: July 22, 2014, 08:00:24 pm 
Started by Jade Hellene - Last post by Jade Hellene
Here Is The Income Level At Which Money Won't Make You Any Happier In Each State
The Huffington Post  | By Kevin Short

Posted: 07/17/2014 10:29 am EDT Updated: 07/18/2014 12:59 pm EDT

Money can only buy happiness up to a point. But just how much you need to get to that threshold really depends on where you live, according to a new analysis by Doug Short, vice president of research at investment group Advisor Perspectives.

Short's analysis found that if you live in a place like Hawaii, where the cost of living is relatively high, a household needs to make $122,175 per year before some extra cash doesn't really translate into more happiness. In Mississippi, by comparison, the threshold at which more money stops making you happier is a lot lower: $65,850 per year.

How much money do you need to make in your state before more money doesn't really make you all that happier? We created a map so you could find out.

 on: July 22, 2014, 07:54:39 pm 
Started by Jade Hellene - Last post by Jade Hellene

 on: July 22, 2014, 07:53:56 pm 
Started by Jade Hellene - Last post by Jade Hellene
'American Horror Story' Season 4 Is Going Darker
The Huffington Post  | By Jessica Toomer

Posted: 07/22/2014 12:55 pm EDT Updated: 07/22/2014 12:59 pm EDT

Ryan Murphy's "American Horror Story" series is known for pushing boundaries and scaring the hell out of viewers, and it looks like his latest installment is preparing to pack on the weird.

FX CEO John Landgraf attended the TCAs this week and said fans of the show can expect a darker Season 4 than what they saw with "American Horror Story: Coven." “Some years it’s going to be big and bright and brash and campy the way 'Coven' is," Landgraf said. "Other years it’s going to be dark and brooding -- like 'Asylum' was. I guess I would put 'Freak Show' half-way in between the two. It’s got a little bit more humor and a little bit more camp, but its got a brooding period feel to it also."

"Freak Show" is set to premiere in October and Murphy is bringing back stars Jessica Lange, Sarah Paulson and Kathy Bates for the fourth go-around of the horror series. Taking place in Florida in the '50s, Landgraf promises the newest season has a very different look from what we've seen so far. "The characters are really distinctive, really original, some are really strange," Landgraf said, "but I think really compelling, I love what I’ve read so far.”

Speaking of strange, if this set photo of Paulson playing conjoined twins Bette and Dot is anything to go by, we think anyone worried Murphy was losing his touch when it comes to terror should just relax. He's still got it.

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