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News: Comet theory collides with Clovis research, may explain disappearance of ancient people
http://uscnews.sc.edu/ARCH190.html
 
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 1 
 on: Yesterday at 10:08:54 pm 
Started by Manfred - Last post by Fran
Oh, please let America elect a Republican president so's we're on the path to becoming a good, God-fearing people again! And that way, little hussies like Krista will know that, when they fool around, there will be consequences!

The first thing a Republican dictator/President should do is ban abortion and have prison sentences for any woman that has them!  Smiley

 2 
 on: Yesterday at 02:32:17 am 
Started by Danielle Gorree - Last post by Danielle Gorree
Archaeologists studied the remains of Biskupin-type fortified settlement in Germany
25.03.2015 History&Culture




Photo by Dr. Anna Swieder
In the town of Kemberg near Wittenberg (Saxony-Anhalt), Polish-German team of archaeologists studied the westernmost city of the communities belonging to the Lusatian culture of the Bronze Age and early Iron Age - told PAP Prof. Zbigniew Kobyliński, director of the Institute of Archaeology, Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw.

Remnants of the fortified settlement are located on the eastern edge of the city. In the field, they can be seen as a small, oval hill surrounded by wet meadows. During excavations, archaeologists found a perfectly preserved multi-layer platform made of planks and beams that probably formed the base of the embankment protecting the settlement. Before the structure they found pillars driven in the sandy ground, which may indicate the presence of a wall or palisade.

 

Prof. Louis Daniel Nebelsick, one of the project leaders explained that the discovery comes from the end of the Bronze Age, the period between 1000 and 800 BC, which is the earliest dating of a Biskupin-type settlement.

 

Biskupin-type fortified settlements were characterized by dense internal layout in the form of regularly arranged parallel rows of houses, divided by streets lined with boards. Additional communication route ran along the inside of the fortification - box-wall surrounding village. Interestingly, in these settlements archaeologists have yet not encountered structures distinctive in size from others, which would indicate the residences of the leaders and the elite.

 

Settlement in Kemberg survived hundreds of years until the sixth century BC - according to the data obtained during the excavations. For comparison, the settlement in Biskupin was built in the first half of eighth century BC and probably existed only a few dozen years. According to the researchers, in Kemberg it was also possible to record traces of rituals that took place on the border of the settlement and the surrounding swamp - in wet layers at the foot of the rampart. They appeared in the form of a cluster of a large number of high-quality ceramic vessels. Archaeologists also found a rattle in the shape of a bird and animal bones.

 

Settlement abruptly ceased to exist in the beginning of the sixth century BC. This is evidenced by the remains of a disastrous fire in the form of thick layers of charcoal and charred beams.

 

Excavations were carried out in September 2014 by scientists from the Saxony-Anhalt Office for Archaeology and the Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University. The research leaders were Prof. Louis D. Nebelsick, Dr. Anna Swieder and Dr. Katarzyna Zeman-Wiśniewska.

 

PAP - Science and Scholarship in Poland

 

szz/ agt/ mrt/

 http://scienceinpoland.pap.pl/en/news/news,404343,archaeologists-studied-the-remains-of-biskupin-type-fortified-settlement-in-germany.html

 3 
 on: March 26, 2015, 09:34:16 am 
Started by Manfred - Last post by Robert0326
Thanks Krista.

 4 
 on: March 25, 2015, 08:37:15 pm 
Started by Krista Davenport - Last post by Krista Davenport
How Has Publishing Changed in the Digital Age for Book Authors?
By Quora Contributor




462646701-kevin-gonzalez-places-the-newly-released-book-authored A worker at a bookstore stocks shelves on Jan. 14, 2014, in Coral Gables, Florida.

Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images

This question originally appeared on Quora, the best answer to any question. Ask a question, get a great answer. Learn from experts and access insider knowledge. You can follow Quora on Twitter, Facebook, and Google Plus.

Answer by Alan Cheuse, author of Prayers for the Living:
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I've published more than 20 books; more than half of these were either novels or short story collections. I have never left behind the necessary feeling that each new book will be the best and that each new book feels as though it were the first. Even so, I have never felt as confused and at the same full of expectation as I have with my latest, the novel Prayers for the Living.

The current situation for a writer appears quite distinct from any other moment since the birth of modern publishing in the early 19th century. There's no singular, classic chain of expertise that links publisher to booksellers to audience. That line of distribution still exists, but so do a number of others. The link between writer and reader has morphed into a rapidly changing field of play.

Taking a book to market has become as complicated and problematic as the writing of the book itself. First, I have had to recognize the importance of social media that I had held before now to be rather trivial and extraneous to anything serious in the culture. I have learned how to use Twitter to spread the news among fans, friends, and family about my book and public appearances and engage readers in conversation. I have used Facebook to post updates about the publishing process. I have emailed friends and family, urging them to preorder the book. I have blogged for free, for a website I seldom used to visit, in hopes of getting my name in front of the right people, the good readers of the world.

All of this to juice the Amazon algorithm, so that when my book is on sale, it will be placed in front of a few more eyeballs. The more eyeballs, the more books Amazon will order from the publisher.

The alternative is to wait passively for good reviews, fewer coming each year, and then wait for orders to come in and for Amazon, if the preorder number isn’t high enough, to backorder books, which can take a week to 10 days. I know first-hand the difficulty of a new book getting a review from my work as a reviewer for the past five decades. We live in a time when many more good books are published than get the serious attention they deserve. As fewer and fewer reviews appear in newspapers and magazines, more and more come out online. But for the ordinary reader—let’s call her the civilian reader—most of the Internet reviews never cross her horizon.

In the current constantly shifting and changing business of contemporary publishing, even many established writers feel slightly bewildered. Some disdain the new technologies of communication and commerce. Others delve into them half-heartedly, like tourists or travelers in unknown territory, without guides.

Some of us are trying, with help from publishers and publicists, to learn how to move forward in this brave new world. But every day there seems to be someone else who appears to have harnessed this ability to promote, for sale, of course. It takes as much work to promote a book as to write one, is what it feels like, as much work just to get a new book in this range of certainty as it does to have put in the years to compose it.

More questions on Quora:

    E-book Publishing: What's the best launch strategy for an e-book?
    Authors: Is writing overly romanticized as a career?
    Book Publishing: Should authors' works be published if they are not capable of giving positive consent?

http://www.slate.com/blogs/quora/2015/03/25/book_authors_how_has_publishing_changed_in_the_digital_age.html

 5 
 on: March 25, 2015, 08:30:56 pm 
Started by Krista Davenport - Last post by Krista Davenport

Slate
Mutiny on the Bounty Descendants Are About to Lose Control of Their Island
The Slatest
Your News Companion
March 19 2015 7:02 PM
Mutiny on the Bounty Descendants Are About to Lose Control of Their Island

By Mark Joseph Stern
53026928AE009_brando Hand-written script notes from Mutiny on the Bounty scrawled by Marlon Brando. Brando, Clark Gable, and a startlingly young Mel Gibson each played the leader of the mutiny in different movie versions depicting the event. The Gibson one is pretty bad.

Photo by Amanda Edwards/Getty Images

In 1789, a group of British Royal Navy mutineers set their tyrranical captain William Bligh adrift and, along with the wives they had taken earlier in Tahiti, settled on Pitcairn Island in the South Pacific Ocean. Within a decade, almost all of them had died—but their children created a tight-knit community which, in 1856, relocated to Norfolk Island far off the coast of Australia. Many residents of Norfolk Island today are descendants of the mutineers, and some still speak a blend of 18th-century English and Tahitian. While the island's residents enjoy Australian citizenship, they have also governed themselves through a local parliament—until now. Bloomberg Business reports:

    Norfolk Island Chief Minister Lisle Snell said he was informed Wednesday of Prime Minister Tony Abbott’s decision to shut down the local nine-person parliament and make the population of about 1,800 people pay federal taxes. ...

    The tiny outcrop ... is on the brink of financial collapse and relies on emergency assistance from the Australian government 1,700 kilometers (1,000 miles) away in Canberra. The island, measuring 8 kilometers long and 5 kilometers wide, has seen no significant investment in infrastructure since the 1970s, with deteriorating roads and an electricity network on the brink of collapse, a parliamentary committee reported last year. ...

    “Infrastructure on Norfolk Island is run down, the health system not up to standard and many laws are out of date,” Jamie Briggs, the assistant minister for infrastructure and regional development, said in a statement Thursday. “As Australian citizens, residents on Norfolk Island deserve equal access to government services and entitlements as those residing on the mainland.”

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Although the move is obviously a blow for the island's autonomy, it won't necessarily encroach upon the residents' customs and traditions. (About half of the current population is descended from the Pitcairn settlers.) In exchange for paying income and business taxes, the island's inhabitants will now receive welfare benefits and much-needed infrastructure aid. That sounds like a reasonable trade-off—but thus far, residents seem to oppose it. Perhaps they inherited some of their ancestors' rebellious spirit. 

Mark Joseph Stern is a writer for Slate. He covers science, the law, and LGBTQ issues.

http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_slatest/2015/03/19/mutiny_on_the_bounty_descendants_will_soon_lose_control_of_their_island.html?wpisrc=obnetwork

 6 
 on: March 25, 2015, 08:19:50 pm 
Started by Krista Davenport - Last post by Krista Davenport

Slate
Politics
Who's winning, who's losing, and why.
March 25 2015 2:05 PM
It’s Hilarious That Ted Cruz Is Signing Up for Obamacare
But it doesn’t make him a hypocrite.
By Jamelle Bouie
461740402-senator-ted-cruz-speaks-to-the-south-carolina-tea-party Not actually hiding behind the flag: Sen. Ted Cruz speaks to the South Carolina Tea Party Coalition convention on Jan. 18, 2015, in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina.

Photo by Richard Ellis/Getty Images

Twenty minutes into his address announcing his run for the White House, Sen. Ted Cruz made the first concrete promise of his campaign. “magine in 2017 a new president signing legislation repealing every word of Obamacare,” he said. The next day the Texas senator announced he’d be signing up for Obamacare. “We’ll be getting new health insurance and we’ll presumably do it through my job with the Senate, and so we’ll be on the federal exchange with millions of others on the federal exchange,” Cruz said.
Jamelle Bouie Jamelle Bouie

Jamelle Bouie is a Slate staff writer covering politics, policy, and race.

As you’d expect, this gave the political Internet a good laugh. On Twitter, National Journal’s Ron Fournier had a few jokes—“Breaking: @BarackObama nominates @tedcruz to head the #IRS. Cruz accepts. ‘Guy’s gotta work.’ ”—while liberal websites like Daily Kos crowed over the irony. “Ted Cruz becomes the newest Obamacare customer,” read one headline.

Conservatives aren’t happy with the schadenfreude, but you can’t blame the reaction. Cruz built his career around hating the Affordable Care Act. It’s funny that just hours after making Obamacare repeal the centerpiece of his campaign, the presidential hopeful is now on the federal exchange with millions of other Americans who need health insurance.
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But despite his most vocal critics, Cruz slipping on a political banana peel doesn’t make him a hypocrite. For starters, this is a function of circumstances. After Heidi Nelson Cruz, his wife, took leave from her job at Goldman Sachs, the Cruz family lost its health insurance. And under an amendment sponsored by Iowa Republican Sen. Chuck Grassley, Cruz has to use the federal exchange to obtain his health insurance, even though the government will pay the majority of his premiums.

The other options are to pay for health services à la carte, or cover the full cost of COBRA coverage, which—if you’ve ever been in this situation—are expensive options, even for families as wealthy as the Cruzes. Among all the choices, Obamacare is the best one. And then there’s the general principle: “I believe we should follow the text of every law, even laws I disagree with,” Cruz told CNN, following up with a pro forma dig at the president. “It’s one of the real differences—if you look at President Obama and the lawlessness, if he disagrees with a law he simply refuses to follow it or claims the authority to unilaterally change.”

Cruz slipping on a political banana peel doesn’t make him a hypocrite.

The senator is correct. For the most part, individual behavior is distinct from political belief and institutional preference. A billionaire taking tax breaks isn’t a hypocrite for wanting higher rates and more social services; neither is a climate activist who flies around the world, or a rich liberal who sends his kids to private schools but wants more money for public education.

There are limits to this idea. It is hypocritical to oppose drugs but indulge for yourself, or, a little differently, to value labor but exploit unpaid work. But for most ideological concerns, the political and the personal are separate spheres that only occasionally overlap. To think otherwise is to fall into the dangerous—if widespread—belief that you can make political change through personal consumption or other atomized actions.

That’s not to say you shouldn’t try to live your political ideals or that your personal beliefs (secular, religious, or otherwise) shouldn’t reflect on your politics. But it’s unreasonable and unfair to expect a one-to-one correspondence, especially on something like health care reform. Cruz can take advantage of Obamacare to get health insurance, and also—as he said—believe that “it is killing millions of jobs in this country and … has caused millions of people to lose their insurance, to lose their doctors and to face skyrocketing insurance premiums.” He’s wrong, but that’s a separate story.

If there’s a problem with Cruz and Obamacare, it’s not hypocrisy, it’s empathy. Insurance under the ACA is far from perfect. It’s pricey even with subsidies, and less comprehensive than many employer plans. But the actual comparison isn’t with an ideal, it’s with the pre-reform status quo, in which millions of Americans had either no insurance or junk plans that were worse than useless in an emergency. Against that alternative, Obamacare is a huge improvement. Even now, as health reporter Sarah Kliff writes for Vox, “f Cruz surveyed the market for individual insurance, he’d probably learn pretty quickly that the exchange is almost certainly his best option.”

Top Comment

Wait a minute. Guy opposes the ACA. Guy loses health insurance because his wife loses/steps away from her job.  More...

-0073

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Having found himself in the same bad situation as millions of less fortunate Americans, one would hope that Cruz would now see the value of something like Obamacare, which puts a higher floor on material deprivation. Instead, the best odds are for Cruz to take a page from Colorado Sen. Cory Gardner. “In his successful 2014 campaign for Senate,” writes Bloomberg’s David Weigel, “Gardner repeatedly talked about the family plan he’d held onto until it was scrapped for not meeting the ACA’s standards.” Indeed, he turned it into a TV spot. “I got a letter saying that my family’s plan was canceled,” said Gardner in the ad. “Three hundred and thirty-five thousand Coloradans had their plans canceled, too.”

Cruz still wants to end the law, and if he’s as theatrical as he seems, expect his Obamacare problems—real, imagined, or exaggerated—to make their way to a stump speech near you.

http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/politics/2015/03/why_ted_cruz_isn_t_a_hypocrite_for_signing_up_for_obamacare_by_jbouie.html

 7 
 on: March 25, 2015, 07:35:09 pm 
Started by Vernon Guilley - Last post by Krista Davenport
At least this time one of you actually admits it!  Better clear up that post before the 'average folks'  catch wind of it.

 8 
 on: March 25, 2015, 07:31:22 pm 
Started by Manfred - Last post by Krista Davenport
Oh, and Happy Birthday, Robert! I see it is on the calendar.

 9 
 on: March 25, 2015, 07:30:34 pm 
Started by Manfred - Last post by Krista Davenport
In your dreams, loser! Go move to Somalia where all they do is loot and kill people, with 0 government interference! That's your dream society anyway.

 10 
 on: March 25, 2015, 12:33:07 am 
Started by Manfred - Last post by Manfred
To reiterate: what makes America great is not this self-styled "freedom" that hedonists like Robert obviously enjoy, but the freedom of capitalists to make as much money as possible. To the extent  we even need a government, it is to the end of making that task easier, not harder.

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