Atlantis Online

Arts & Literature => Art History => Topic started by: Dawn Moline on February 20, 2007, 02:31:57 am



Title: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on February 20, 2007, 02:31:57 am
I would like to devote a topic to my favorite movement in all of art, the Pre-Raphaelites

The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (also known as the Pre-Raphaelites) was a group of English painters, poets and critics, founded in 1848 by John Everett Millais, Dante Gabriel Rossetti and William Holman Hunt.

The group's intention was to reform art by rejecting what they considered to be the mechanistic approach adopted by the Mannerist artists who followed Raphael and Michelangelo. They believed that the Classical poses and elegant compositions of Raphael in particular had been a corrupting influence on academic teaching of art. Hence the name "Pre-Raphaelite". In particular they objected to the influence of Sir Joshua Reynolds, the founder of the English Royal Academy of Arts. They called him "Sir Sloshua", believing that his broad technique was a sloppy and formulaic form of academic Mannerism. In contrast they wanted to return to the abundant detail, intense colours, and complex compositions of Quattrocento Italian and Flemish art.

The Pre-Raphaelites have been considered the first avant-garde movement in art, though they have also been denied that status, because they continued to accept both the concepts of history painting and of "mimesis", or imitation of nature, as central to the purpose of art. However, the Pre-Raphaelites undoubtedly defined themselves as a reform movement, created a distinct name for their form of art, and published a periodical, The Germ, to promote their ideas. Their debates were recorded in the "Pre-Raphaelite Journal".

Early doctrines
The Brotherhood's early doctrines were expressed in four declarations:

To have genuine ideas to express;
To study Nature attentively, so as to know how to express them;
To sympathise with what is direct and serious and heartfelt in previous art, to the exclusion of what is conventional and self-parading and learned by rote;
And, most indispensable of all, to produce thoroughly good pictures and statues.


These principles are deliberately undogmatic, since the Brotherhood wished to emphasise the personal responsibility of individual artists to determine their own ideas and method of depiction. Influenced by Romanticism, they thought that freedom and responsibility were inseparable. Nevertheless, they were particularly fascinated by Medieval culture, believing it to possess a spiritual and creative integrity lost in later eras. This emphasis on medieval culture was to clash with the realism promoted by the stress on independent observation of nature. In its early stages the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood believed that the two interests were consistent with one another, but in later years the movement divided in two directions. The realist side was led by Hunt and Millais, while the medievalist side was led by Rossetti and his followers, Edward Burne-Jones and William Morris. This split was never absolute, since both factions believed that art was essentially spiritual in character, opposing their idealism to the materialist realism associated with Courbet and Impressionism.

In their attempts to revive the brilliance of colour found in Quattrocento art, Hunt and Millais developed a technique of painting in thin glazes of pigment over a wet white ground. In this way they hoped that their colours would retain jewel-like transparency and clarity. This emphasis of brilliance of colour was in reaction to the excessive use of bitumen by earlier British artists such as Reynolds, David Wilkie and Benjamin Robert Haydon. Bitumen produces unstable areas of muddy darkness, an effect which the Pre-Raphaelies despised.


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on February 20, 2007, 02:33:57 am
(http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e2/Dante_Gabriel_Rossetti_-_Proserpine.JPG/276px-Dante_Gabriel_Rossetti_-_Proserpine.JPG)

"Persephone", by Dante Gabriel Rossetti.


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on February 20, 2007, 02:35:05 am
(http://www.walrus.com/~gibralto/acorn/germ/please.jpg)



Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on February 20, 2007, 02:40:17 am
(http://www.eng.fju.edu.tw/crit.97/PRwomen/Fazio.JPG)

Fazio's Mistress, 1863.D.G.Rossetti 
(loose, luxuriant hair was an emblem of female sexuality in Pre-Raphaelite painting...[Here] we may well have a clue to the rippling effect of so much Pre-Raphaelite hair.  After washing, the tresses were plaited while still wet--as Fanny is shown doing--and then allowwed to dry, creating a naturally crimped look Marsh 23.)

V. Important Dates related to Dante Gabriel Rossetti and the three women
  1848 the formation of Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.
 
1849 met Elizabeth Siddal and used her as the main model (not to be used by the others)
 
1856 met Fanny Cornforth and used her as the main model
 
1857 met Jane Morris
 
1860 married Siddal
 
1862 Siddal died
 
1863 Fanny Cornforth became somebody else's housekeeper.
 
1865 used J. Morris as the main model
 
1871 Dante Gabriel Rossetti criticized as "the Fleshly School of Poetry"
 
1882 Dante Gabriel Rossetti died 

www.eng.fju.edu.tw/crit.97/PRwomen/final.htm


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on February 20, 2007, 02:47:40 am
(http://images.5star-network.com/screenshots/large/r/a/raphaelites.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on February 20, 2007, 02:53:52 am
(http://www.haines.pl/art3.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on June 24, 2007, 09:52:57 pm
(http://fredfred.net/skriker/images/fred/2005/pre-raphaelites/godiva-collier.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on June 24, 2007, 09:54:09 pm
(http://persephone.cps.unizar.es/General/Gente/SPD/Pre-Raphaelites/Big/FlamingJune.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on June 24, 2007, 09:55:10 pm
(http://fredfred.net/skriker/images/fred/2005/pre-raphaelites/ophelia-millais.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on June 24, 2007, 09:56:54 pm
(http://www.pre-raphaelitesociety.org/img/martyr_sm.jpg)  (http://www.pre-raphaelitesociety.org/img/pandora_sm.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on June 24, 2007, 10:01:25 pm
(http://privat.ub.uib.no/bubsy/burne5.gif)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on June 24, 2007, 10:02:10 pm
(http://www.early-sarah-brightman.com/Pre-Raphaelites.JPG)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on June 24, 2007, 10:04:22 pm
(http://www.victorianweb.org/painting/bj/paintings/8.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on June 24, 2007, 10:05:56 pm
(http://www.artservicesintl.org/graphics/ex_raphelite.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on June 24, 2007, 10:06:46 pm
(http://www.cassdesign.com/images/panel37.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on June 24, 2007, 10:07:58 pm
(http://www.manchestergalleries.org/the-collections/search-the-collection/mcgweb/objects/common/webmedia.php?irn=269&size=300x211)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on June 24, 2007, 10:08:44 pm
(http://www.expo-shop.com/product/PGJWW55.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on June 24, 2007, 10:09:37 pm
(http://www.pymsgallery.com/IMAGES/YoungH/preraph10.JPG)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on June 24, 2007, 10:11:18 pm
(http://www.artinfopeople.com/images/pre-raph.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on June 24, 2007, 10:12:11 pm
(http://www.theyrule.net/psybernet/weblog/images/2003/hunt.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on June 24, 2007, 10:13:07 pm
(http://jerryandmartha.com/yourdailyart/images/rossetti3.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on June 24, 2007, 10:14:12 pm
(http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e2/Dante_Gabriel_Rossetti_-_Proserpine.JPG/180px-Dante_Gabriel_Rossetti_-_Proserpine.JPG)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on June 24, 2007, 10:15:19 pm
(http://www.manchestergalleries.org/the-collections/search-the-collection/mcgweb/objects/common/webmedia.php?irn=156&size=300x210)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on June 24, 2007, 10:16:03 pm
(http://images.amazon.com/images/P/1854372203.01.LZZZZZZZ.gif)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on June 24, 2007, 10:16:53 pm
(http://img.search.com/thumb/4/43/Burne-jones-love-among-the-ruins.jpg/300px-Burne-jones-love-among-the-ruins.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on June 24, 2007, 10:18:47 pm
(http://members.tripod.com/preraphs/images/dgrossetti/christinaandfrances.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on June 24, 2007, 10:20:06 pm
(http://www.artofeurope.com/waterhouse/wat6.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on June 24, 2007, 10:21:50 pm
(http://orage.mjp.brown.edu/mjp/images/CadoganCowper/CadoganCowper.Vanity.1907.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on June 24, 2007, 10:24:58 pm
(http://www.palettesofvision.com/romantic_paintings/Blair_Leighton_The_Accolade.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Bianca on August 12, 2007, 10:38:53 am
(http://www.revilo-oliver.com/Kevin-Strom-personal/Art/Draper_WaterBabyLg.jpg)

H.J. Draper: "Water Baby"


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Bianca on August 12, 2007, 10:43:03 am
                      (http://www.users.globalnet.co.uk/~munwin/images/siren.jpg)
                       C.H.Boutibonne: SIRENES


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Bianca on August 12, 2007, 10:47:13 am
                       (http://www.users.globalnet.co.uk/~munwin/images/lilyfair.jpg)
                        L.R.Falero: The Lily Fairy


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Bianca on August 12, 2007, 10:52:08 am
                     (http://www.users.globalnet.co.uk/~munwin/images/printem.jpg)
                      A.W. Gouguereau: "Le Primtemps" ("Spring")


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 10:29:11 pm
Wonderful work, Bianca.


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 10:30:59 pm
(http://www.hethert.org/Cleopatra_-_Thomas_Frances_Dicksee_1876.jpg)

Cleopatra by Thomas Frances Dicksee, 1876


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 10:32:23 pm
(http://www.hethert.org/Alethe_Attendent_of_the_Sacred_Ibis_by_Edwin_Long.jpg)

Alethe, Attendant of the Sacred Ibis by Edwin Long, 1888


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 10:34:32 pm
(http://www.hethert.org/An_Egyptian_Feast_-_Edwin_Long1.jpg)

An Egyptian Feast by Edwin Long,  1877


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 10:36:33 pm
(http://www.hethert.org/The_Gods_and_Their_Makers_-_Edwin_Long.jpg)

The Gods and Their Makers by Edwin Long


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 10:48:00 pm
(http://www.hethert.org/Sacred_to_Pasht_-_Edwin_Long.jpg)

Sacred to Pasht by Edwin Long, 1888


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 10:49:24 pm
(http://www.hethert.org/Anno_Domini_-_Edwin_Long_med.jpg)

Anno Domini by Edwin Long, 1883


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 10:50:17 pm
(http://www.hethert.org/The_Pyramids_Road_Gizah_-_Edward_Lear_1873.jpg)

The Pyramids Road, Gizah, by Edward Lear, 1873


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 10:51:23 pm
(http://www.hethert.org/The_Pyrrhic_Dance_by_Gerome.jpg)

The Pyrrhic Dance by Jean-Léon Gérome (Alternative title: Sword Dance Before Egyptian Ruins)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 10:52:29 pm
(http://www.hethert.org/Pharaohs_Handmaidens_-_John_Collier.jpg)

The Pharaoh's Handmaidens by Hon. John Collier, 1883


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 10:53:35 pm
(http://www.hethert.org/Cleopatra_trying_out_poisons_on_her_lovers_-_Alexandre_Cabanel_1887.jpg)

Cleopatra Testing Poisons on Condemned Prisoners by Alexandre Cabanel, 1887


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 10:54:43 pm
(http://www.hethert.org/Procession_of_the_Bull_Apis_-_Frederick_Bridgman_med.jpg)

Procession of the Bull Apis by Frederick Arthur Bridgman


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 10:56:07 pm
(http://www.hethert.org/Funeral_of_a_Mummy_-_Frederick_Arthur_Bridgman_md.jpg)

Funeral of a Mummy by Frederick Arthur Bridgman


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 10:57:17 pm
(http://www.hethert.org/Frederic_Bridgman_Cleo_on_the_terraces_of_Philae_1896.jpg)

Cleopatra on the Terraces of Philae by Frederick Arthur Bridgman, 1896


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 10:58:28 pm
(http://www.hethert.org/Circe_-_Wright_Barker.jpg)

Circe by Wright Barker


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 10:59:31 pm
(http://www.hethert.org/Pastime_in_Ancient_Egypt_-__Sir_Lawrence_Alma-Tadema.jpg)

Pastime in Ancient Egypt by Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 11:00:46 pm
(http://www.hethert.org/The_Finding_of_Moses_-_Sir_Lawrence_Alma-Tadema.jpg)

The Finding of Moses by Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema, 1904


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 11:01:51 pm
(http://www.hethert.org/Joseph_Overseer_of_the_Pharaohs_Granaries_by_Sir_L_Alma-Tadema_med.jpg)

Joseph, Overseer of the Pharoah's Granaries by Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema, 1874


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 11:03:06 pm
(http://www.hethert.org/Egyptian_Chess_Players_-_Alma-Tadema_md.jpg)

Egyptian Chess Players by Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema, 1865


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 11:04:21 pm
(http://www.hethert.org/An_Egyptian_Widow_by_Sir_Lawrence_Alma-Tadema.jpg)

An Egyptian Widow in the Time of Diocletian by Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema, 1872


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 11:05:39 pm
(http://www.hethert.org/Great_Hall_at_Karnak_-_David_Roberts.jpg)

Great Hall at Karnak by David Roberts


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 11:06:59 pm
(http://intimatexpressiongifts.com/end.of.the.quest.dicksee1.jpg)


Sir Frank (Francis) Dicksee 1921


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 11:07:58 pm
(http://images.google.com/url?q=http://i6.photobucket.com/albums/y218/Feloniousangel/Yseult.jpg&usg=AFQjCNG5GxQ-s-0Htulko78yUTZw1TCIrQ)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 11:09:23 pm
(http://orage.mjp.brown.edu/mjp/images/Dicksee/BelleD02.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 11:11:04 pm
(http://perso.orange.fr/ramel/Tempest/Waterhouse.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 11:12:16 pm
(http://www.icecastle.org/artwork/images/Two%20Crowns%20(Dicksee%201900)_jpg.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 11:16:38 pm
(http://www.herbertthomasdicksee.com/images/Mrswkdarcy.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 11:17:34 pm
(http://i186.photobucket.com/albums/x181/rhiannonknew_bucket/Romeo-Juilet-LSirFrankDicksee.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on September 24, 2007, 11:21:44 pm
(http://www.jigsawgallery.com/prodpics/ED13052.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: HereForNow on September 26, 2007, 03:31:11 pm
  :) As she gazed across the horizon in wonder. She awaited his return.


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: HereForNow on September 26, 2007, 05:11:22 pm
(http://www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/NR/rdonlyres/F14D5009-0C56-4169-8BAF-54C5E772DA51/0/ghirlandata.jpg)

(http://www.victorianweb.org/painting/paton/paintings/4.jpg)




Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: HereForNow on September 26, 2007, 05:12:21 pm
(http://www.victorianweb.org/painting/millais/paintings/22.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: HereForNow on September 26, 2007, 05:13:59 pm
(http://www.victorianweb.org/painting/jww/paintings/shalott2.jpg)
(http://www.victorianweb.org/painting/misc/burton1.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: HereForNow on September 26, 2007, 05:18:52 pm
(http://www.cosmickitty.com/~ophelia/images/water2.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: HereForNow on September 26, 2007, 05:21:09 pm
(http://images.stltoday.com/stltoday/resources/dante18flash.jpg)
Dante Gabriel Rossetti, English, 1828-1882; Lady Lilith


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: HereForNow on September 26, 2007, 05:24:02 pm
Wheel Of Futune
(http://privat.ub.uib.no/BUBSY/burne.gif)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: HereForNow on September 26, 2007, 05:26:07 pm
(http://faculty.pittstate.edu/~knichols/set15imagen.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Bianca on October 06, 2007, 10:34:58 am
(http://www.cwrl.utexas.edu/~bump/E392M/cp/WindAmongtheReeds/HuntShallotlarge.jpg)
William Holman Hunt's  The Lady of Shallot,


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: HereForNow on October 08, 2007, 04:56:57 pm
(http://persephone.cps.unizar.es/~spd/Pre-Raphaelites/Big/Psyche.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: HereForNow on October 08, 2007, 04:57:57 pm
(http://persephone.cps.unizar.es/~spd/Pre-Raphaelites/Big/AlFresco.jpg)

I thought this was cute....


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: HereForNow on October 08, 2007, 05:02:13 pm
(http://persephone.cps.unizar.es/~spd/Pre-Raphaelites/Big/Sappho.jpg)

(http://persephone.cps.unizar.es/~spd/Pre-Raphaelites/wat/jpg/water15.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: HereForNow on October 08, 2007, 05:03:26 pm
(http://persephone.cps.unizar.es/~spd/Pre-Raphaelites/bj/jpg/Jones2.jpg) :)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: HereForNow on October 08, 2007, 05:06:21 pm
(http://persephone.cps.unizar.es/~spd/Pre-Raphaelites/ros/jpg/Rossett1.jpg)
(http://persephone.cps.unizar.es/~spd/Pre-Raphaelites/Big/LaBelleDameSansMerci.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: HereForNow on October 08, 2007, 05:08:37 pm
(http://persephone.cps.unizar.es/~spd/Pre-Raphaelites/mill/jpg/Millais.3.jpg)
(http://persephone.cps.unizar.es/~spd/Pre-Raphaelites/mill/jpg/Millais.7.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: HereForNow on October 08, 2007, 05:09:48 pm
(http://persephone.cps.unizar.es/~spd/Pre-Raphaelites/bj/jpg/burne27.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: HereForNow on October 08, 2007, 05:12:03 pm
(http://persephone.cps.unizar.es/~spd/Pre-Raphaelites/bj/jpg/burne32.jpg)


Title: Re: the Pre-Raphaelites
Post by: Dawn Moline on January 21, 2008, 04:14:54 pm
(http://persephone.cps.unizar.es/~spd/Pre-Raphaelites/Big/KingCophetua.jpg)

King Cophetua and the Beggar Maid; 293.4 x 135.9 cm., Tate Gallery

It tells the story of a King searching for a pure wife.