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The Restless Ocean Floor

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Bianca
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« on: April 01, 2007, 01:21:45 pm »



FROM


ATLANTIS - The Eighth Continent

by Charles Berlitz



The Mid-Atlantic Ridge is the world's greatest mountain range although, being large-
ly under water, the tremendous height of its mountains can be appreciated only on bathometric charts.  It divides the Atlantic into east and west sections, each con-
taining its own abyssal plain.  One of the world's most active seismic areas, it has been characterized by earthquakes, seaquakes and volcanic explosions throughout history and is still in a state of violent seismic activity.

The appearance and disappearance of islands in the Atlantic and the destructive earthquakes on its islands and coastal shores occasionally remind us, on a small scale, of the legendary destruction of Atlantis.
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Bianca
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« Reply #1 on: April 01, 2007, 01:59:13 pm »




The Restless Ocean Floor                                                                        continued



*  In 1622 the city of Villa Franca, capital of the Azorian island of Sao Miguel, was buried by a sudden seismic convulsion, opening up great faults in the land and causing tidal waves in the ocean.

*  The city of Port Royal, Jamaica,used as rendez-vous for buccaneers, fell into the sea without warning in 1692, complete with its pirates, ships,bawdy taverns and booty.

*  An earthquake which suddenly occurred in Lisbon in 1755 caused the death, within a few minutes, of 60,000 persons, many of whom had fled to safety from falling buildings to a large open stone quay which suddenly sank into the sea, taking them with it underwater, to a depth of 600 feet.  The noise produced by this sudden earth and sea quake was said to be loud enough to be heard in Stockholm.

*  The island of Martinique suffered the explosion of Mt. Pelee in May 1902.  The ex-
plosion, which blew out the side of the mountain, killed every individual in St. Pierre,
the capital, except a convict and a madman in protective prison cells.  A distinctive
feature of the St. Pierre holocaust was a burning gaseous cloud - the "nuee`ardente" - which rolled down from Mr. Pelee and killed all those - almost 30,000 - who were not already dead.

*  The destructive earthquake of Accra, Africa, in 1922 extended along fault lines laterally across the ocean all the way from Puerto Rico Trench, one of the greatest
depths of the ocean.  Great earth shifts that take place under the ocean are not readily noticeable. 

*  The Grand Banks seaquake of 1929 caused a gigantic current thick with under-
water  mud and sand to flow down North Atlantic submarine canyons, cutting the
northern series of transatlantic cable.  When the cables were repaired, areas of the seafloor previously measured showed a rise of almost a mile since the last sound-
ings were taken.

*  A 1974 lava flow from a fissure in the earth in Heimaey, Iceland, completely
buried the town with lava,but fortunately at a tempo that enabled the townspeople,
unlike those of Pompeii, to escape entombement.

*  A number of islands have appeared, disappeared and, sometimes, reappeared
from the restless depths of the Atlantic.  In 1808 a volcano on Sao Jorge in the
Azores crested several thousand additional.

*  In 1811 a large volcanic island appeared in the Azores which, after being given a
name - Sambrina - and charted on maps, suddenly returned to the sea.

*  In 1931 two islands suddely rose from the sea bottom in the vicinity of the Fernando de Noronha group off the coast of Brazil.  Great Britain, always interested
in the acquisition of islands, lost no time in laying claim to them against claims by
Brazil and several other countries.  The problem was solved however, when both islands unexpectedly sank beneath the waves.

*  A new island, appropriately named for the Norse god of fire, Surtsey, emerged with flame and smoke from the sea bottom off the southwest coast of Iceland, shortly to be followed by two smaller islands in a three-year, more-r-less-conti-
nuous eruption starting in 1963.

*  Other Atlantic islands, especially the Azores, Canaries and Madeira, have wit-
nessed a number of land-sea inversions for centuries, with new islands appearing
or disappearing or sections of existing islands dropping off into the sea.

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Bianca
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« Reply #2 on: April 01, 2007, 04:18:05 pm »




If a great empire once extended over a large, now submerged area, it would be
logical to expect that some vestiges of it would remain on the Atlantic floor and
could be identified by exploring the bottom in a deep-dive submersible.  On the other hand, it would be even more convincing if parts of the drowned lands could reappear at sea level, temporarily or pemanently visible in the light of day. 

A very curious example of this possibility occurred in March 1882.  Unlike many alleg-
ed sightings of Atlantean ruins before that time, it was well reported in a ship's log and also in the press.  It concerned the encounter of a steamship with an uncharted island in heavily traveled sea lanes and the unusual material that was
found there by the ship's captain and his crew.

The vessel was named the S.S. JESMOND, a British merchant ship of 1495 tons,
bound for New Orleans with a cargo of dried fruits from its last port of call in Messina
Sicily.  The Jesmond was captained by David Robson, holder of master's certificate 27911 in the Queens' Merchant Marine. 

The Jesmond passed through the Straits of Gibraltar (the ancient Pillars of Hercules)
on March 1, 1882, and sailed into the open sea.  When the ship reached the posit-
ion 31degree 25'N, 28degree 40'W, about 200 miles west of Madeira and about the
same distance south of the Azores, it was noted that the ocean had become unus-
ually muddy and that the vessel was passing through enormous shoals of dead fish, as if some sudden disease or underwater explosion had killed them by the
millions.  Just before evening on the first day of encountering the fish banks, Captain Robson noticed smoke on the horizon which he presumed came from another ship.
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Bianca
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« Reply #3 on: April 01, 2007, 04:26:26 pm »




On the following day, the fish shoals were even thicker and the smoke on the horizon seemed to be coming from mountains on an island directly to the west,
where, according to the charts, there was no land for thousands of miles.  As
the Jesmon approached the vicinity of the island, Captain Robson threw out an
anchor at about twelve miles offshore to find out whether or not this unchartered island was surrounded by reefs.  Even though the charts indicated an area depth
of several thousand fathoms, the anchor hit bottom at only seven fathoms.

When Robson went ashore with a landing party, they found themselves to be on
a large island with no vegetation, no trees, no sandy beaches, bare of all life as if
it had just risen from the ocean.  The shore they landed on was covered with
volcanic debris.  As there were no trees, the party could clearly see a plateau be-
ginning several miles away and smoking mountains beyond that.
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Bianca
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« Reply #4 on: April 01, 2007, 04:42:44 pm »



The landing party rather gingerly headed toward the interior in the direction of the
mountains, but they found that progress was interrupted by a series of deep
chasms.  To get to the interior would have taken days.  They returned to their landing point and examined a broken cliff, part of which seemed to have been
split into a mass of loose gravel, as if it had recently been subjected to great force.  One of the sailors found an unusual arrowhed in the broken rock, a disco-
very that led the captain to send for picks and shovels from the ship, so that the
crew could dig into the gravel.

According to what he told a reporter from the Times Picayune in New Orleans, where he later docked, he and his crew uncovered "crumbling remains" of 'massi-
ve walls."  A variety of artifacts uncovered by digging near the walls for the better part of two days included "bronze swords, rings, mallets, carvings of heads and figures of birds and animals, and two vases or jars with fragments of bone, and one cranium almost entire...." and "what appeared to be a mummy enclosed in a
stone case....encrusted with volcanic deposit, so as to be scarcely distinguished from the rock itself."  At the end of the following day, much of which was spent getting the rock sarcophagus aboard the Jesmond, Robson, now worried about un-
certain weather, decided to abandon his exploration of the island and resume his
course.

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« Reply #5 on: April 01, 2007, 04:55:07 pm »




The Restless Ocean Floor                                                                    continued


Several reporters examined Captain Robson's unusual finds and were informed by him that he planned to present the artifacts to the British Museum.  Unfortunately
for Atlantean research, however, the log of the Jesmond was destroyed during the
London blitz of September 1940, along with the offices of the Jesmond's owner,
Watts, Watts and Company, Threadneedle Street. 

There is apparently no record at the British Museum of their having received Robson's unusual collection, although it is, of course, possible that the artifacts
are filed in the capacious attics and basements common to all great museums. 

Nor was the island ever heard of again, existing only in the sworn testimony of the
captain and crew of the JESMOND.

There is, however, some corroboration of the incident:  Captain Robson was not alone in reporting the sighting of the mysterious island.  Captain James Newdick
of the steam schooner WESTBOURNE, sailing from Marseilles to New York during
the same period, reported on arrival in New York of having sighted a large island
at coordinates 25degree30'N, 24degreesW.  Newdick's report appeared in the
"New York Post", April 1, 1882.
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Bianca
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« Reply #6 on: April 01, 2007, 05:07:32 pm »




The Restless Ocean Floor                                                                       continued



If the coordinated given by both captains were correct, the mystery island would
have measured 20X30 miles in area.  The volcanic activity that brought an island
of this size to the surface would have killed, probably through heating the oceanic
water, an enormous quantity of fish, just as Captain Robson reported.

The miles of dead fish, fanning out from the area first reported by Robson, were
also commented upon by a number of other ship captains and appeared in a varie-
ty of newpapers, including the"New York Times".  One captain suggested that the
kill could be explained by the wreck of a fishing vessel, however unlikely this ex-
planation might be.

For, the quantity of dead fish, as estimated by the British institute of Oceanogra-
phy, covered 7,500 square miles of the Atlantic and comprised at least half a
million tons.

Crew members of various vessels that passed through the floating fish identified
them as tilefish, cod, red snapper, shad and many others.  Some adventurous
souls among the sailors sampled a number of the fish and suffered no ill effects.
They stated that the fish were "hard and proved excellent food."

One might speculate that these hordes of fish did not immediately rot, since they
had been "pre-cooked" by the volcanic heat generated by the rising of the island
from the ocean floor.
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Bianca
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« Reply #7 on: April 01, 2007, 05:22:39 pm »




The Restless Ocean Floor                                                                         continued



Since Captain Robson's brief viewing of allegedly Atlantean walls, recognizable features of buildings, walls and roads have been reported with increasing fre-
quency from various parts of the Atlantic.  They have often been observed by
pilots, who have overflown them in their scheduled flights and have not had per-
mission to depart from their flight plans to investigate further by circling, in order
to photograph chance sightings that, in any case, may have been illusory.

During WWII, several pilots on military flights between Brazil and Senegal, formerly
French West Africa, said they saw what looked like clusters of buildings or "cities"
under the ocean surface, near the St. Peter and St. Paul Rocks (1degreeN, 30degree West).  Other pilots and observers flying the same route, have reported seeing what appeared to be underwater stone walls and ruins at approxmiately
6degreesN, 20degrees W, near the Sierra Leone Rise. 

Although it would be easy to discount these claims, by supposing that the pilots
reported clouds or shadown on the ocean, (it is relatively easy for imaginative in-
dividuals, pilots or otherwise, to visualize fantasies in the sea or sky), neverthe-
less, it is also true that some of the subsurface islands in the Atlantic, especially
the flat-topped seamounts that rise suddenly from the ocean floor, come fairly
close to sea level, in a number of places.

At certain times of the day, a special slant of the sun's rays in the afternoon and a
low rate of diatoms in the sea could make parts of the ocean, over such seamounts clear enough to catch a glimpse of former human settlements built on large sea-
mounts, when they were once islands.
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Bianca
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« Reply #8 on: April 01, 2007, 05:38:56 pm »




In the Western Atlantic, near the United States, pilots of both scheduled and
charter flights have remarked on pyramidal formations, stepped terraces and
walls on the ocean floor, between the Bahamas and Florida. 

A Pan American pilot has described seeing an archway in a submerged wall,
about sixty feet from the surface.  Charter pilots have described underwater
roads, leading eastward out to sea, from the coast of Yucatan, which they foll-
owed until the roads were lost in deep water, but which presumably continued 
to other destinations, now beneath the sea.

An expanse of stone ruins, several acres in area and apparently white, as if they
were marble, was reported off the northern coast of Cuba by the late Leicester
Hemingway, former resident of Cuba and brother of the famous novelist, but
these ruins are located well within Cuban waters and are, therefore, inaccessible
to American divers.

A number of rather convincing photographs have been taken from the air of what
appears to be underwater stonework on the Bahama Banks and off the
Caribbean coast of Mexico, but no aerial photographs have yet been made availa-
ble of sunken cities in the mid-Atlantic.

However, within the last several years, a number of unusual photographs have been taken, not from aircraft, but from submarine cameras, lowered from research
ships. 

Pictures of apparently man-made ruins, photographed at much greater depths than ever before, have been obtained by oceanographers not engaged in looking for
Atlantis, but simply photographing the sea bottom, in the general area of the legendary island continent.

The vessels and the oceanographers were from the USSR, a nation far from Plato's
Atlantic Sea.


FROM


ATLANTIS, the Eighth Continent

By Charles Berlitz
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Helios
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« Reply #9 on: April 02, 2007, 03:45:32 am »

Great find about the island, Bianca, if only we had more concrete corroboration of it. I've often thought that area of the Atlantic (overlooked because it is apparently so deep) held some secrets to Atlantis if someone would ever look there.
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« Reply #10 on: April 05, 2007, 03:41:27 am »

I read about the account of Capt. Robson.I am very sceptical of this .Even though the location of the island seems to be where the Cruiser Seamounts are .I think this is likely to be a hoax.I am not decided for sure but the bronze objects and the sarcophagus was just a little too much .Also Donnellys famous book about Atlantis was published in 1882 ,the same year ,I wonder if there was recent talk of Atlantis so the British decided to play hoax on those crazy American cousins of theirs  .Also interesting how it was told to a reporter ,not a scientist.

If such a large island arose I think there would be tsunami or atleast anomolies in tidal gauges .But there seems to be nothing.

Nevertheless ,it is a serious account and should be considered.
If there is any truth in it ,It would be more evidence for large geological movements in a short space of time.

I think there would be value in trying to interview some of the descendants of the sailors on that voyage.
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Adam Hawthorne
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« Reply #11 on: April 14, 2007, 04:56:23 pm »




If a great empire once extended over a large, now submerged area, it would be
logical to expect that some vestiges of it would remain on the Atlantic floor and
could be identified by exploring the bottom in a deep-dive submersible.  On the other hand, it would be even more convincing if parts of the drowned lands could reappear at sea level, temporarily or pemanently visible in the light of day. 

A very curious example of this possibility occurred in March 1882.  Unlike many alleg-
ed sightings of Atlantean ruins before that time, it was well reported in a ship's log and also in the press.  It concerned the encounter of a steamship with an uncharted island in heavily traveled sea lanes and the unusual material that was
found there by the ship's captain and his crew.

The vessel was named the S.S. JESMOND, a British merchant ship of 1495 tons,
bound for New Orleans with a cargo of dried fruits from its last port of call in Messina
Sicily.  The Jesmond was captained by David Robson, holder of master's certificate 27911 in the Queens' Merchant Marine. 

The Jesmond passed through the Straits of Gibraltar (the ancient Pillars of Hercules)
on March 1, 1882, and sailed into the open sea.  When the ship reached the posit-
ion 31degree 25'N, 28degree 40'W, about 200 miles west of Madeira and about the
same distance south of the Azores, it was noted that the ocean had become unus-
ually muddy and that the vessel was passing through enormous shoals of dead fish, as if some sudden disease or underwater explosion had killed them by the
millions.  Just before evening on the first day of encountering the fish banks, Captain Robson noticed smoke on the horizon which he presumed came from another ship.

Great post, Bianca, and there is a modern day analogy, existed in the Atlantic Ocean where this actually transpired and was documented - Surtsey, I will shortly be starting a topic on it.
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Bianca
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« Reply #12 on: April 27, 2007, 02:15:26 pm »



Hi, Adam and a big WELCOME!

I have been gone for two weeks, as my computer went KAPUT.  I am trying to re-orient myself.
Last count the posts were about 7,000;  now there must be close to 10,000!!!

Did you start the thread about SURTSEY?  If so, where is it?

Love and Peace,
Bianca

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Europa
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« Reply #13 on: April 27, 2007, 03:06:32 pm »

Hi Bianca, and welcome back,

We actually started a new Atlantis forum here in your absence, entitled "the Scientific Atlantis," where Adam usually posts his research in. 

Here is the thread on Surtsey:

http://atlantisonline.smfforfree2.com/index.php/topic,824.0.html

Europa
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Bianca
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« Reply #14 on: April 27, 2007, 04:49:11 pm »



Oh, thank you, Europa!

It's so good to be back.  I missed all of you so much!!

Love and Peace,
Bianca
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